Peace of a Planet – Palestine, Jerusalem, Israel, Third Temple

The 24 honored participants to this peace agreement: Arab League, Cyprus, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Fatah, Hamas, Hezbollah, Iran, Israel, Jerusalem, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Nations, United States of America

The Many Rulers of this Land: 2015-1600 BC: Canaan; 1600-1300 BC: Egyptian New Kingdom; 1300-1050 BC: Jebusites; 1050-931 BC: Kingdom of Israel; 931-722 BC: Kingdom oSamaria; 931-586 BC: Kingdom of Judah; 722-609 BC: Assyrian; 626-539 BC: Babylonian; 550-330 BC: Achaemenid; 330-312 BC: Macedonia; 312-63 BC: Seleucid; 140-37 BC: Hasmonean – 140-110 BC: Seleucid Empire, 110-63 BC: Israel; 63 BC-313 CE: Roman – 37-4 BC: Herodian Kingdom of Israel, 4 BC-6 CE: Herodian Tetrarchy, 6–135: Judaea, 135-390: Syria Palæstina; 270-273: Palmyrene;  313-636: Byzantine -390-636: Palæstina Prima, Palæstina Secunda, Palæstina Salutaris; 614-619: Jewish Sassanid; 632-661: Jund Filastin; 636-1037: Perisan;  661-750: Umayyad Caliphate; 750-1517: Abbasid Caliphate; 878-968: Egyptian; 909-1171: Fatimid Caliphate; 969-1072: Fatimids; 1037-1194: Seljuq; 1098: Fatimids; 1099-1187: Crusader; 1187-1193: Saladin; 1193-1291: Crusader; 1291-1516: Mamluk; 1517-1833: Ottoman Syria; 1833-1841: Egypt; 1841-1917: Syria (Ottoman); 1918-1948: United Kingdom; 1948-present: Israel and the occupied Palestinian territories

The Levant – “Bilad al-Sham”: Throughout history, the region has been controlled by numerous different peoples, including Ancient Egyptians, Canaanites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Ancient Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, the Umayyad, Abbasid and Fatimid caliphates, the Crusaders, Ayyubids, Mamluks, Ottomans, the British and the French. The area was passed to French and British Mandates following WWI and divided into Greater Lebanon, various Syrian-mandate states, Mandatory Palestine and Transjordan. The classical Arabic pronunciation of Syria is Sūriyya. This name was not widely used among Muslims before about 1870, though it had been used by Christians earlier. According to the Syrian Orthodox Church, “Syrian” (sūriy سوري) used to mean “Christian” in early Christianity.

About Syria in 1915, a British report says: “The term Syria in those days was generally used to denote the whole of geographical and historic Syria, that is to say the whole of the country lying between the Taurus Mountains and the Sinai Peninsula, which was made up of part of the Vilayet of Aleppo, the Vilayet of Bairut, the Vilayet of Syria, the Sanjaq of the Lebanon, and the Sanjaq of Jerusalem. It included that part of the country which was afterwards detached from it to form the mandated territory of Palestine.


  • Jerusalem will become a sovereign city-state; including all of the West Bank
  • Egypt will receive just compensation for the Sinai; retain all mineral rights
  • Palestine will consist of the Gaza Strip and the northwestern Sinai
  • Israel will include the southeastern Sinai and Tiran Island
  • Jordan will include Sanafir Island; Jordan River border; coastline on the Sea of Galilee
  • Lebanon will include Sheeba Farms; recognized Cyprus-Lebanon maritime
  • Syria will include the Golan Heights; Hasbani River and Jordan River border
  • The Third Temple will be built next to the Dome of the Rock

Jerusalem (West Bank), Palestine and Israel



  • gain 7,155 square miles (18,531 km²) in the Hala’ib Triangle
  • gain the true sum value for the Sinai; retain all mineral rights in the Sinai
  • lose 23,446 square miles (60,725 km²) in the Muḥāfaẓat Shimāl Sīnāʾ (North Sinai Governorate) and Muḥāfaẓat Ǧanūb Sīnāʾ (South Sinai Governorate)
  • land area decreases from 387,048 square miles (1,002,450 km²) to 370,757 square miles (960,256 km²), a 5% loss in land
  • remains the 30th largest country, in land area
  • $1 billion of economic aid per year for 10 years


  • total area will increase by 147%
  • land area from 8019 square miles (20,770 km²) to 19,772 square miles (51,209 km²)
  • contiguous land area will increase by 50%
  • contiguous land from 263 miles (423 km) to 396 miles (637 km)
  • gain 11,723 square miles (30,362 km²) in the southeastern Sinai
  • coastline will increase by 200%
  • coastline from 129 miles (207 km) to 351 miles (564 km)
  • gain 109 miles (175 km) of coastline on the Gulf of Aqaba
  • gain 20 miles (32 km) of coastline on the Red Sea
  • gain 105 miles (168 km) of coastline on the Gulf of Suez
  • gain 30 square miles (80 km²) in Tiran Island
  • gain the territorial waters of the Strait of Tiran
  • West Jerusalem as the internationally recognized capital
  • gain the building of the Third Temple on the Temple Mount
  • gain non-stop passage from West Jerusalem to the Jewish Quarter
  • gain non-stop passage from the Jewish Quarter to the Third Temple
  • retain 63 square miles (166 km²) of the Sea of Galilee
  • retain the existing border surrounding the Sea of Galilee
  • retain 12 miles (19 km) of coastline on the Dead Sea
  • retain 55 square miles (142 km²) of the Dead Sea
  • annual water allocation from the Jordan River, Yarmouk River, Hasbani River
  • annual water allocation from the Mountain Aquifer
  • lose 2,908 square miles (7,531 km²) of internationally recognized occupied territory
  • lose 44 square miles (114 km²) east of the Hasbani River and Jordan River
  • lose 1 mile (2 km²) of coastline on the Sea of Galilee

Jerusalem (city-state)

  • 2,180 square miles (5,640 km²) in the West Bank
  • 27 square miles (70 km²) in East Jerusalem
  • East Jerusalem will be the capital
  • 84 square miles (217 km²) of the Dead Sea
  • 23 miles (37 km) of coastline on the Dead Sea
  • water rights to the Mountain Aquifer
  • annual allocation from the Jordan River and Yarmouk River
  • Fatah holds the majority of seats in the government
  • $1 billion per year for 10 years


  • gain 14 square miles (36 km²) east of the Jordan River
  • gain 1 mile (2 km²) of coastline on the Sea of Galilee
  • gain 20 square miles (33 km²) in Sanafir Island


  • gain 15 square miles (25 km²) in the Shebaa Farms
  • gain recognized border of the Blue Line
  • gain international recognition of the Cyprus-Lebanon maritime boundaries


  • total land area of 11,862 square miles (30,722 km²)
  • 139 square miles (360 km²) in the Gaza Strip
  • 11,723 square miles (30,362 km²) in the northwestern Sinai
  • 194 miles (328 km) of total coastline
  • 124 miles (200 km) of coastline on the Mediterranean Sea
  • 70 miles (112 km) of coastline on the Gulf of Suez
  • if chosen, East Jerusalem as the capital
  • non-stop passage from Rafah to Jerusalem
  • water rights to the Gaza Strip Coastal Aquifer
  • annual water allocation of 110 million m³
  • rights to Gaza Marine-1 and Gaza Marine-2
  • $1 billion per year for 10 years

Saudi Arabia

  • gain 10 miles (16 km) of coastline on the Persian Gulf
  • lose 30 square miles (80 km²) in Tiran Island
  • lose 12 square miles (31 km²) in Sanafir Island


  • gain 500 square miles (1,200 km²) in the Golan Heights
  • gain 30 square miles (77 km²) east of the Hasbani River and Jordan River

United Arab Emirates

  • gain 5 square miles (12 km²) in Abu Musa
  • lose 26 square miles (10 km²) in Greater Tunb
  • lose 5 square miles (2 km²) in Lesser Tunb
  • lose 10 miles (16 km) on the Persian Gulf



  • gain 26 square miles (3 km²) in Greater Tunb
  • gain 5 square miles (2 km²) in Lesser Tunb
  • lose 5 square miles (12 km²) in Abu Musa



  • gain 0.49-acre; 0.20-hectare (2,000 m²) in Migingo Island
  • lose 5,405 square miles (14,000 km²) in the occupied Olemi Triangle

South Sudan

  • gain 5,405 square miles (14,000 km²) in the Olemi Triangle
  • lose 4,072 square miles (10,546 km²) in the Abyei area


  • gain 795 square miles (2,060 km²) in the Bi’r Tawīl
  • gain 4,072 square miles (10,546 km²) in the Abyei area
  • lose 7,155 square miles (18,531 km²) in the Hala’ib Triangle


  • gain Rukwanzi Island
  • lose 0.49-acre; 0.20-hectare (2,000 m²) in Migingo Island


Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • lose Rukwanzi Island

Border Coordinates:

Lebanon / Israel

  • from 33° 5’38.82″N 35° 6’14.20″E
  • along the Blue Line to 33°14’31.53″N  35°37’27.83″E

Syria / Israel

  • from 33°14’31.53″N  35°37’27.83″E
  • along the 1949 Israeli-Syrian Armistice Line to 33°14’30.72″N  35°37’30.95″E
  • along the Hasbani River to its confluence with Hermon Stream, at 33°11’12.61″N  35°37’9.20″E
  • along the Jordan River to 32°53’43.41″N  35°36’45.32″E
  • along the 1949 Israeli-Syrian Armistice Line to 32°48’37.71″N  35°38’39.79″E
  • along the 1949 Israeli-Syrian Armistice Line to 32°48’29.90″N  35°39’19.37″E
  • along the 1949 Israeli-Syrian Armistice Line to 32°41’16.34″N  35°38’9.16″E
  • in a straight line to 32°41’10.88″N  35°38’4.41″E

Jordan / Israel

  • from 32°41’10.88″N  35°38’4.41″E
  • along the Jordan-Syrian border to 32°40’58.94″N  35°37’51.04″E
  • along the 1949 Israeli-Syrian Armistice Line to 32°42’25.05″N  35°35’46.36″E
  • in a straight line to 32°42’27.99″N  35°35’46.58″E
  • in a straight line to 32°42’36.14″N  35°34’39.25″E
  • along the Jordan River to its confluence with the Yarmouk River, at 32°38’52.25″N  35°33’50.54″E
  • along the Jordan River to  32°23’21.68″N  35°33’17.99″E
  • and then beginning again at 31°29’35.14″N  35°28’40.22″E
  • along the existing Israel-Jordan Border

Jerusalem / Israel

  • from 32°23’21.68″N  35°33’17.99″E
  • along the western-most 1949 Armistice Agreement Line to  31°29’35.14″N 35°28’40.22″E

Palestine / Israel

  • from  31°35’36.65″N  34°29’25.13″E
  • around Gaza, along the 1950 Armistice Line to 31°13’10.89″N  34°16’2.60″E
  • along the former Israel-Egypt Border to  30°52’56.16″N  34°23’41.08″E
  • in a straight line to Nekhel at 29°54’33.03″N  33°44’41.04″E
  • in a straight line to 28°46’2.96″N  33°13’50.97″E

Jordan / Jerusalem

  • from 32°23’21.68″N  35°33’17.99″E
  • along the Jordan River to  31°45’37.93″N 35°33’29.65″E
  • along the 1994 Treaty Line to  31°29’35.14″N 35°28’40.22″E

Egypt / Palestine

  • from  31° 4’40.39″N  32°33’16.51″E
  • along the Port Said Governorate border
  • along the Ismailia Governorate border
  • along the Suez Governorate border to  29°51’3.61″N  32°37’53.99″E

Peace Agreement:

  1. Jerusalem will become a city-state, consisting of all the territory, formerly known, as the West Bank; with borders proceeding along the western-most 1949 Armistice Agreement Line, and the 1994 Treaty Line in the Dead Sea, as outlined on October 26, 1994. All individuals who choose to live in Jerusalem must become citizens of the country; with optional dual-citizenship in: Israel, Palestine, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon or Syria. The elected seats of government in Jerusalem will be as follows: Fatah (formerly the Palestinian National Liberation Movement) 51%, Israel 33%, Palestine 7%; Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria will each hold 2%, United Nations will hold 1%, as an observer.
  2. Jerusalem does, forever, strictly, agree to accept all religions, equally, including, but not limited to: Christianity, Islam and Judaism; and grant full access to religious sites.
  3. Jerusalem will grant full citizenship for all people that can show former family residence inside the former West Bank, including first-generation refugees and their descendants; and in accordance with United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194, and United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3236, of November 22, 1974.
  4. East Jerusalem, with borders along the 1949 Armistice Agreement Line, will be the internationally recognized capital of Jerusalem.
  5. United States of America will agree to provide economic aid to Jerusalem in an amount of $1 billion per year for 10 years.
  6. Jerusalem will agree to a non-stop thorough-way, a wide and open tunnel, between West Jerusalem and the Jewish Quarter; this tunnel will be part of Israel; this passage will be supervised by Jerusalem.
  7. Jerusalem will have the option to be militarized and have full sovereignty over its airspace and maritime boundaries; United States of America and Israel will act as advisors to Jerusalem in terms of security and defense.
  8. Jerusalem, Israel and Egypt will agree to sign and fully ratify The Convention on the Law of Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses (adopted by the United Nations on May 21, 1997).
  9. Jerusalem, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and Arab League will agree to sign and fully ratify the Jordan Valley Unified Water Plan, as outlined in September 1955; with the revised annual allocation quotas from the Jordan River (main stream): Israel 325 million m³, Jordan 100 million m³, Jerusalem 50 million m³, Syria 22 million m³; and with the revised annual allocation quotas from the Yarmouk River: Jordan 350 million m³, Syria 80 million m³, Jerusalem 37 million m³, Israel 25 million m³; and the revised annual allocation quotas from the Hasbani River: Lebanon 35 million m³, Israel 10 million m³, Syria 10 million m³.
  10. Jerusalem and Israel will agree that all water rights to the Mountain Aquifer (Western, North-Eastern, Eastern – if, inside the former West Bank and East Jerusalem) will belong to Jerusalem.
  11. Jerusalem will agree to provide an annual water allocation of 200 million m³ to Israel.
  12. Israel will agree to share technologies used by the Water Authority with Palestine, Jerusalem, Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon and Syria.
  13. United States of America, United Kingdom, Israel and Saudi Arabia will agree to pay Egypt a combined sum total of true value for all the land area of the North Sinai Governorate and the South Sinai Governorate.
  14. Egypt will agree to release all territorial claim to the North Sinai Governorate and South Sinai Governorate; the loss of both governorates will result in a total decrease in land area for Egypt of 5%.
  15. United States of America will agree to provide Egypt, $1 billion per year, for a period of 10 years, which will be deposited strictly into the Economic Support Fund (ESF).
  16. Egypt will retain the Suez Governorate, the Ismailia Governorate and Port Said Governorate, in the western-most Sinai; to establish a buffer zone for complete uninterrupted passage through the Suez Canal, for all nations.
  17. Palestine will include the Gaza Strip and the northwestern portion of the Sinai Peninsula; the border will include the Gaza Strip, along the 1949 Armistice Agreement Line; proceed south from Rafah (along the former North Sinai Governorate border) to Nitzana, near the Way of Peace; proceeding to Nekhel; then onto Abu Rudeis; north from Abu Rudeis, along the Gulf of Suez; following the existing borders of the Suez, Ismailia and Port Said Governorates.
  18. Palestine and Israel will agree that all oil and natural gas in the Sinai Peninsula will remain the property of Egypt; Jerusalem, Israel and Palestine will agree to purchase these resources at 5% above the market rate.
  19. All individuals who choose to live in Palestine must become citizens of the country; with optional dual-citizenship in: Egypt or Jerusalem.
  20. Palestine will grant full citizenship to all Palestinian refugees and their descendants; and to those whom choose to remain living in the northwestern Sinai area, including the existing Bedouin and Egyptian populations.
  21. Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria will agree to compensate Palestinian refugees that repatriate to Palestine or Jerusalem, for existing assets and property.
  22. Palestine will be governed by an elected government of Gazans. Hamas and Israel will agree to peaceful co-existence.
  23. United States of America and Israel will agree to build an unhindered thorough-way (tunnel) between the Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem; this passage will be under the direct supervision of Palestine and Jerusalem. The tunnel will begin at Rafah, passing non-stop under-ground through Israel, entering Jerusalem at Meitar; from Rafah to Meitar, the tunnel will be part of Palestine; from Meitar to East Jerusalem, part of Palestine and Jerusalem.
  24. Palestine will choose the location of their capital; either, in the former North Sinai Governorate, such as Al-Arīsh, or in East Jerusalem.
  25. Palestine will agree to release all claim to the West Bank, allotted in the 1948 United Nations Partition Plan, Resolution 181 (II); this will now become Jerusalem.
  26. Palestine will have the option to be militarized and will have full sovereignty over its own airspace and maritime boundaries; United States of America and Egypt will act as advisors to Palestine, in regards to security and defense.
  27. United States of America will agree to provide economic aid to Palestine in the amount of $1 billion per year for a period of 10 years.
  28. Israel will agree that all water rights to the Gaza Strip Coastal Aquifer will strictly belong to Palestine.
  29. United States of America and Palestine will work to establish sustainable agricultural development utilizing the Wadi El-Arish.
  30. Egypt will agree to provide Palestine an annual water allocation of 50 million m³.
  31. Jerusalem will agree to provide Palestine an annual water allocation of 50 million m³.
  32. Israel will agree to provide Palestine an annual water allocation of 10 million m³.
  33. Israel will agree to build a large underground pipeline to transport water between the Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem; this project will fall under the direct supervision of Palestine and Jerusalem; this pipeline will begin at Rafah, passing underground and unhindered through Israel, entering the Jerusalem at Meitar.
  34. Israel and Palestine will agree to recognize the PA-BG-CCC agreement (re: Gaza Marine-1 & 2), signed in November 1999.
  35. Israel will agree to aid in the immediate economic development of Jerusalem and Palestine.
  36. West Jerusalem, with borders along the 1949 Armistice Agreement Line, will be the internationally recognized capital of the Israel.
  37. The southeastern portion of the Sinai Peninsula will be part of Israel; the new border of Israel will proceed along the 1949 Armistice Agreement Line, around the Gaza Strip, to Rafah; proceeding from Rafah (following the former North Sinai Governorate border) to Nitzana, near the Way of Peace; then proceeding to Nekhel; then on to Abu Rudeis. At Abu Rudeis, the border will turn south and proceed along the Gulf of Suez and the Red Sea, then along the Gulf of Aqaba, to the border with Jordan.
  38. Saudi Arabia and Egypt will agree to release all rights to Tiran Island; this island will be part of Israel.
  39. Israel will include the territorial waters of the Strait of Tiran; and will agree to maintain freedom of navigation for all.
  40. Israel and Lebanon will agree to a border of the Blue Line, published by the United Nations on June 7, 2000; and in accordance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 425.
  41. Israel, Lebanon and Cyprus will agree to recognize the Cyprus-Lebanon maritime boundaries of January 17, 2007; Lebanon will ratify the agreement.
  42. Lebanon will include all of the Shebaa Farms. Hezbollah and Israel will agree to peaceful co-existence.
  43. Israel and Syria will agree to a border of the Hasbani River, proceeding south to the Jordan River tributary, through the Nahal Qallil, into the Jordan River, around the existing border surrounding the Sea of Galilee, to Ma’agen.
  44. Israel and Jordan will agree to a revsion in their border; the border will now begin at Ma’agen, at the 1949 Israeli-Syrian Armistice Line, and proceed in a straight line, to the point where the Jordan River flows out of the Sea of Galilee; and then follow the Jordan River to the Yarmouk River confluence.
  45. Jerusalem and Jordan will agree to a border of the Jordan River and the 1994 Treaty Line in the Dead Sea.
  46. Saudi Arabia will release all rights to Sanafir Island, the island will be part of Jordan; the maritime passage north of Sanafir Island and northeast of Tiran Island will be Jordanian and Saudi Arabian territorial waters; both countries agree to maintain freedom of navigation into the Gulf of Aqaba, for all nations.
  47. Jordan and Saudi Arabia will agree to divide the water of the al-Disi Aquifer, evenly, and commit to joint water exploration efforts. Jordan and Saudi Arabia will agree to only draw an annual water allocation of 50 million m³ from the al-Disi Aquifer – this is twice the yearly recharge rate of the aquifer.
  48. Israel, Jordan and Jerusalem will agree to build the Red Sea–Dead Sea Conduit; as proposed in the Valley of Peace initiative of May 2008; and in accordance with the signed agreement by Israel, Jordan and the Palestinian Authority, in December 2013.
  49. Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates will agree to recognize the 1974 Treaty of Jeddah; United Arab Emirates will ratify the Treaty of Jeddah; Qatar will be an observer to this agreement.
  50. United Arab Emirates and Iran will agree that the island of Abu Musa will be part of the United Arab Emirates, and the two islands of Greater Tunb and Lesser Tunb will be part of Iran.
  51. Egypt and Sudan will agree to a border along the 22-degree line; the Hala’ib Triangle will be part of Egypt; and the Bi’r Tawīl will be part of Sudan.
  52. Sudan and South Sudan will agree that the Abyei area will be part of Sudan.
  53. South Sudan and Kenya will agree that the Olemi Triangle will be part of South Sudan.
  54. Kenya and Uganda will agree that the Migingo Island will be part of Kenya.
  55. Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo will agree that Rukwanzi Island will be part of Uganda.
  56. United States of America will actively promote the Peace, Security, and Cooperation Framework Agreement for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Region, signed on February 24, 2013; the UN Security Council Resolution 2098 of March 28, 2013; the United Nations, Special Report of the Secretary-General on the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Great Lakes Region of February 27, 2013.
  57. United States of America will commit to strengthen and professionalize the Congolese army to stabilize the DRC.
  58. Jerusalem and Israel will agree to the building of the Third Temple, as architecturally described in the Book of Ezekiel. The Third Temple will be built 100 meters (322 feet) north of the Dome of the Rock; with the explicit understanding by Jerusalem and Israel that no harm will come to the Dome of the Rock, the Dome of Ascension, the Dome of the Chain and the Al-Aqsa Mosque.
  59. Jerusalem and Israel will agree to use all modern technologies to establish an invisible sound and sight barrier between the Dome of the Rock and the Third Temple, no sound or sight will exist between the buildings; worshipers will not be required to have any contact with those of another faith.
  60. Jerusalem and Israel will agree to the building of two wide transit passages (tunnels); one from the Jewish Quarter to the Third Temple, and another from the Muslim Quarter to the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque.
  61. Jerusalem and Israel will agree to the building of a stone bridge from the Eastern Gate (Golden Gate) to the summit of the Mount of Olives, spanning the Kidron Valley; built between the Church of All Nations and the Church of Mary Magdalene.
  62. United States of America and United Kingdom will agree to aid in the immediate economic development of Jerusalem and Palestine.
  63. Egypt, Jerusalem, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Saudi Arabia and Syria will agree to join the U.S.–Middle East Free Trade Area.
  64. Arab League will include Israel, as a trading participant and economic partner, in the Greater Arab Free Trade Area and the Council of Arab Economic Unity (CAEU).
  65. Arab League, Cyprus, Egypt, Fatah, Hamas, Hezbollah, Israel, Jerusalem, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America, and Iran, will agree to a peaceful co-existence under these terms; and establish regular diplomatic relations; given full support of the United Nations and sponsored by any nation or other elected body or party; and will consider the Arab–Israeli conflict over.
  66. United Nations will fully endorse this peace agreement, and will also consider the Arab–Israeli conflict over.

A Letter from the Author:

Peace be unto you,

My purpose of drafting this letter and submitting this Peace Proposal is to present an accommodating solution to the continuing conflict in the Middle East; as I see it, there will be no true peace in the world until the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is resolved. This is one of the most important issues of our time and a major step towards lasting world peace.

First, let me begin by stating in writing that I am not a scholar or a philosopher, I do not belong to a particular religious faith, nor do I represent a particular political party in my beliefs; I am just one human being that respects the rights of all human beings to live in peace and to prosper. I have no enemies and I court no friends. There is not an agenda to my Proposal, merely a suggestion for a path to peace. Something must be done, or we, as the human race, will face further wars and conflict as it pertains to these issues. Surely, intelligent beings have the capacity not to destroy one another.

Beginning with the issue of Jerusalem, archaeology indicates that this ancient city was first inhabited during the 4th millennium BC, near the only perennial stream there, the Gihon Spring. The first evidence of an urban settlement, in the shape of fortification walls, dates from the 18th century BC, corresponding to the Middle Bronze Age. Jerusalem is mentioned in the Egyptian “execration” texts, (20-19th century BCE), when the Egyptians ruled Canaan. Jerusalem’s name probably refers to the worship of the god Shalem in the days of the Canaanites. During its history, Jerusalem has been destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times. Jerusalem is a holy city to the three Abrahamic religions – Christianity, Islam and Judaism. Despite having an area of only .35 square miles (0.9 km2), the city is home to many sites of religious importance, including the Temple Mount, the Western Wall, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the Dome of the Rock, and the Al-Aqsa Mosque. No single faith or people can claim the right to total control of the city; and as we know, up to this point in history, it has been imperative that the city of Jerusalem be the capital of both, Israel and Palestine. So, Jerusalem must be for the world.

I purpose the creation of a new independent country called Jerusalem. This is also in agreement with the recommendations of the United Nations General Assembly, as it pertains to the city of Jerusalem, in which Jerusalem would become a corpus separatum; further, this recommendation is in accordance with United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194, published on December 11, 1948. Jerusalem will encompass the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Jerusalem agrees to accept all religions, equally, including, but not limited to, Christianity, Islam and Judaism. By beginning a new country, there is a real possibility for peace in this city and region. Peace must first begin in the city of Jerusalem; a city and land for the world; a shared holy land.

In my plan, I purpose the creation of a new independent Palestinian state, a country that reserves all rights afforded other free countries. Palestine will consist of all the Gaza Strip and land in the northern Sinai; an open thorough-way (i.e., tunnel) will be constructed from the Gaza Strip to East Jerusalem. The Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip can trace their ancestry back to the Philistines, which derives from the attested Illyrian locality Palaeste, whose inhabitants were called Palaestīnī. Palestinian people first appeared in the southern coastal area of Canaan (Gaza) at the beginning of the Iron Age (1175 BC).  In the Bible, the Philistines are absent from the ten nations Abraham’s descendants will displace as well as being absent from the list of nations Moses tells the people they will conquer. The Gaza Strip has always been Palestinian land, and should be under the complete and total authority of the Palestinians.

I also propose the building of the Third Temple on Al-Haram al-Sharif, Har HaBáyit, Temple Mount; built next to the existing Dome of the Rock. First and foremost, it is explicitly agreed by all parties to this agreement that no harm will ever be done to the Dome of the Rock, the Dome of Ascension, the Dome of the Prophet, the Dome of the Chain, or the Al-Aqsa Mosque. Jerusalem, Israel and Palestine will agree to the building of the Third Temple, as architecturally described in the Book of Ezekiel. The Dome of the Tablets / Dome of the Spirits stands directly over the original site of the Holy of Holies in Solomon’s temple. When completed, the Third Temple will be located over 100 yards north of the Dome of the Rock. The Third Temple will stand facing east, built in a straight line towards the Eastern Gate. At completion, an easement of 150 feet will exist between the Dome of the Rock and the Third Temple. No sound or sight will exist between the buildings; worshipers of each faith will not be required to have any contact with each other.

Finally, I objectively try to resolve some of the ongoing issues that have continued to derive major conflicts in the Middle East; such as, the Golan Heights, the Blue Line, the Shebaa Farms, the Sea of Galilee, the Strait of Tiran, the Hala’ib Triangle, the Bi’r Tawīl, Greater Tunb, Lesser Tunb, Abu Musa and the water and mineral rights in the region. Whenever possible, I have tried to be fair and utilize natural boundaries, such as rivers, to demarcate borders.

To come to peace, it is evident that all parties must compromise to some extent, but all parties should also benefit. Compromise has always been at the heart of true peace and I hope by presenting these ideas, there will be a new transformation and countries will elevate their views in this matter. For one day, we must all live peacefully on this planet.

Thank you for your time and consideration. May God bless all the people of the Middle East.

Michael Ruark

© Copyright 2015      All rights reserved. The research described in this document is in
the public interest and was supported by information gathered from various sources.
The opinions expressed in this document are strictly of the author.

Peace Arguments:

The city of Jerusalem has long had great religious, spiritual and international importance. In 1947, the United Nations wanted to preserve this status after termination of the British Mandate and guarantee equal access to the city for all worshipers and commerce, through United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181 (II). Future government of Palestine, of November 29, 1947, states in Part I, Item 3: Independent Arab and Jewish States and the Special International Regime for the City of Jerusalem. Item 9: Arabs and Jews residing in the City of Jerusalem who have signed a notice of intention to become citizens, the Arabs of the Arab State and the Jews of the Jewish State, shall be entitled to vote in the Arab and Jewish States respectively. (d) Guaranteeing to all persons equal and non-discriminatory rights in civil, political, economic and religious matters and the enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including freedom of religion, language, speech and publication, education, assembly and association; (e) Preserving freedom of transit and visit for all residents and citizens of the other State in Palestine and the City of Jerusalem, subject to considerations of national security, provided that each State shall control residence within its borders. Chapter 1: Item 1. Existing rights in respect of Holy Places and religious buildings or sites shall not be denied or impaired. 2. In so far as Holy Places are concerned, the liberty of access, visit and transit shall be guaranteed, in conformity with existing rights, to all residents and citizens of the other State and of the City of Jerusalem, as well as to aliens, without distinction as to nationality, subject to requirements of national security, public order and decorum. United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194, established a United Nations Conciliation Commission which worked towards these goals; United Nations General Assembly Resolution 303 (IV) on December 9, 1949, also confirmed the decision to place Jerusalem under a permanent international regime. The regime was to be established with borders identified by the Green Line; the Green Line refers to the 1949 Armistice Agreements; this plan is also in agreement with United Nations Security Council Resolution 242 (S/RES/242), adopted on November 22, 1967, in Chapter VI of the United Nations Charter. In numerous resolutions the United Nations has declared every action changing the status of Jerusalem illegal and therefore null and void and having no validity; including Resolution 66/18 on November 30, 2011. In 1872, Jerusalem became a district with special administrative status. In 1841, Jerusalem became a separate district. Furthermore, Israel only captured the entire city of Jerusalem in 1967; after not controlling the city for 1,897 years. Given these facts, and in full accordance with the recommendations of the United Nations General Assembly, as it pertains to the city of Jerusalem; and in order to preserve the peace throughout the entire region, Jerusalem will be established with borders along the 1949 Green Line, including East Jerusalem, the entire West Bank, and 84 square miles (217 km²) of the Dead Sea.

The Sinai Peninsula is the least densely populated area in the entire Middle East; the Shamal Sina (North Sinai) and Ganub Sina (South Sinai) consist of 21,000 square miles; approximately 100,000 people live in South Sinai and 400,000 people live in North Sinai; with a population density of a little over 20 people per square mile. Being on the frontier between Africa and the Middle East makes the Sinai an ideal location for militant factions; this desert peninsula has been plagued with lawlessness for some time. I propose that the lawlessness is due in large part to the population density; lack of people in the Sinai is having a detrimental effect on the entire area.  Given this fact, and for the protection of the bordering countries, I propose establishing the country of Palestine in the northern Sinai. Moreover, the northern Sinai is the only area that could be easily opened to the Gaza Strip. It should be understood, that unless the Palestinians and the Israelis acquire more land, there will always be conflict; I believe that these conflicts can be resolved by utilizing the vast area of the Sinai. Additionally, Jerusalem is only possible, if both Palestine and Israel acquire more land. So, I propose that the Sinai be split equally between Palestine and Israel, with the northern section being part of Palestine and the southern section being part of Israel. It is also imperative that Egypt be given the best chance for the survival of a democracy; the Sinai can be very instrumental in accomplishing the most immediate economic growth for Egypt, in the form of increased levels of aid from the United States of America and commerce interests with Israel, Palestine and Jerusalem.  Finally, and also in the best interests of Egypt: all mineral rights in the Sinai will be retained by Egypt; also, Egypt will still include the Suez, Ismailia and Port Said Governorates, a buffer zone for uninterrupted passage through the Suez Canal; for this, Egypt will be paid the true value of the Sinai, with a total decrease in land area of 5%.

The first use of the term Palestine to refer to the entire area between Phoenicia and Egypt was in 5th century BC Ancient Greece; the term would also be used by the Romans in Syria Palaestina from 135-390, the Byzantine in Palaestina Prima from 390-636, and the Umayyad and Abbasid in Jund Filastin from 660-680, named for the Philistines. Given this vast history of the Palestinian people, and the dire urgency of establishing a Palestinian state, I propose the creation of Palestine in the Gaza Strip and in the northern Sinai. The borders of Palestine will be along the 1949 Armistice Agreement Line in the Gaza Strip; then proceed south from Rafah, following the former North Sinai Governorate border, to Nitzana, near the Way of Peace; proceeding in a straight line to Nekhel; then a straight line to Abu Rudeis; going north from Abu Rudeis along the Gulf of Suez; following the existing eastern Egyptian borders of the Suez, Ismailia and Port Said Governorates. Palestine can choose to establish their capital in the former North Sinai Governorate, such as Al-Arīsh, or they can choose Jerusalem as their capital. A thorough-way (i.e., tunnel) will be built from the Gaza Strip to Jerusalem, this will part of Palestine. Portions of the study, The Arc: A Formal Structure for a Palestinian State, as submitted by the RAND Corporation in 2005, will be completed. The Arc will link the Gaza Strip to Jerusalem; travel from Gaza to the city of Jerusalem will take approximately an hour, from Gaza to Jenin, about 90 minutes.

Jerusalem, Israel and Palestine will agree to the building of the Jewish Third Temple on the Temple Mount. The Temple Mount forms the northern portion of a very narrow spur of hill that slopes sharply downward from north to south. Rising above the Kidron Valley to the east and Tyropoeon Valley to the west, its peak reaches a height of 2,428 ft (740 m) above sea level. The trapezium shaped platform measures 488 m along the west, 470 m along the east, 315 m along the north and 280 m along the south, giving a total area of approximately 150,000 m2 (37 acres). The Temple Mount, the Noble Sanctuary, is one of the most important religious sites in the Old City of Jerusalem. It has been used as a religious site for thousands of years. At least four religious traditions are known to have made use of the Temple Mount: Judaism, Christianity, Roman religion, and Islam. Since the Crusades, the Muslim community of Jerusalem has managed the site as a Waqf, without interruption. According to Jewish tradition and scripture (2 Chronicles 3:1-2), the first Jewish temple was built by King Solomon the son of King David in 957 BCE and destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BCE. The second was constructed under the auspices of Zerubbabel in 516 BCE and destroyed by the Roman Empire in 70 CE. Jewish tradition maintains it is here a Third and final Temple will be built. The location is the holiest site in Judaism and is the place Jews turn towards during prayer. According to Rabbinical law, some aspect of the divine presence is still present at the site. It was from the Holy of Holies that the Jewish High Priest communicated directly with God.

Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs: There are two types of post-Zionist ideology. The first views Zionism favorably, even very favorably, but concludes that Zionism has attained all its goals and has nothing left to do. After all, the goal of normalizing the Jewish people has been achieved, whether precisely as Herzl envisioned it or not. Therefore, let us now start to strive for the normal goals of nations that dwell securely in their states, such as raising the standard of living and promoting social and cultural well-being. According to one segment of the nation, the war cleared the way to realizing the utopian goal – or, if you will, the “messianic” goal – of the State of Israel. They hope to see the consolidation of a “greater Israel,” with massive immigration from the former Soviet Union, which would enable Israel to realize its goal of the ingathering of the exiles as well as its goal of peace, since its enemies would be obliged to accept its existence. The rest of the nation believed that peace should be achieved immediately in order to complete the Zionist enterprise, for Israel had registered achievements that permitted it to negotiate with its neighbors, strike compromises that would rectify the injustice done to the Palestinian people and thereby attain the goal of normalization. Essentially, peace was presented as the goal that would culminate the enterprise and role of Zionism. The post-Zionism that defined itself in this manner indeed argued that Israel should progress toward peace as a positive culmination of the Zionist enterprise. According to this conception, Zionism has achieved its goal and should no longer strive for anything beyond it. The second type of post-Zionist ideology is, in essence, a reincarnation of the pre-Holocaust, pre-statehood anti-Zionist ideology. Until the establishment of the State, the Zionist movement represented a minority of the Jewish people and was opposed by various parts of the Jewish people. Its efforts commanded no Jewish consensus by any means. Only after the Holocaust and the establishment of the State did a pan-Jewish consensus take shape; only then did Zionism become a matter of agreement that united all segments of Jewry in Israel and the Diaspora. It is worth bearing in mind in this context that Zionism, as a national democratic movement, developed against the backdrop and under the patronage of the national democratic philosophy of Western Europe. The American liberal democratic doctrine, in contrast, is non-national and, to a large extent, is anti-national and individualistic in the extreme. In its basic model, it views the state as belonging to its citizens, in contrast to a nation-state that belongs to the nation as a historical being. Thus, it views the state as responsible for the well-being and happiness of its citizens as individuals, not the nation’s survival as an autonomous entity. The adoption of these concepts of liberal democracy, the acceptance of their attendant ethos of individualism and competitiveness, and the sense that the State of Israel had wronged the Palestinians – including those who were Israeli citizens – caused the disintegration of basic national perception from which Israeli democracy had originally been forged.

The Arab Peace Initiative is a comprehensive peace initiative first proposed in 2002 at the Beirut Summit of the Arab League by then-Crown Prince, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, and re-endorsed at the Riyadh Summit in 2007. The initiative attempts to end the Arab–Israeli conflict, which means normalizing relations between the entire Arab region and Israel, in exchange for a complete withdrawal from the occupied territories (including East Jerusalem) and a “just settlement” of the Palestinian refugee crisis based on UN Resolution 194 (which calls for a diplomatic resolution to the conflict and resolves that any refugees “wishing to return to their homes and live at peace with their neighbors” should be able to do so or, if they otherwise wish, should be provided with compensation).

It provides in a relevant part: (a) Complete withdrawal from the occupied Arab territories, including the Syrian Golan Heights, to the 4 June 1967 line and the territories still occupied in southern Lebanon; (b) Attain a just solution to the problem of Palestinian refugees to be agreed upon in accordance with the United Nations General Assembly Resolution No 194. (c) Accept the establishment of an independent and sovereign Palestinian state on the Palestinian territories occupied since 4 June 1967 in the West Bank and Gaza Strip with East Jerusalem as its capital.

In return the Arab states will do the following: (a) Consider the Arab–Israeli conflict over, sign a peace agreement with Israel, and achieve peace for all states in the region; (b) Establish normal relations with Israel within the framework of this comprehensive peace.

A number of Israeli officials have responded to the Initiative with both support and criticism, the Israeli government swiftly rejected the initiative, saying it was a “non-starter” at the time. Then Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon said the new plan cannot be accepted because it would replace United Nations resolutions 242 and 338, which call for negotiations. In 2007, Benjamin Netanyahu, as opposition leader, as well as a number of Likud members, rejected the initiative outright. In 2009, President Shimon Peres expressed satisfaction at the “u-turn” in the attitudes of Arab states toward peace with Israel as reflected in the Saudi initiative, though he did qualify his comments by saying: “Israel wasn’t a partner to the wording of this initiative. Therefore it doesn’t have to agree to every word.” More recently, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has expressed tentative support for the initiative, saying he accepts the “general idea” with significant caveats.

The Palestinian Authority strongly supports the plan and Mahmoud Abbas officially asked U.S. President Barack Obama to adopt it as part of his Middle East policy. Islamist political party Hamas, the elected government of the Gaza Strip, is deeply divided, with most factions rejecting the plan.

Time stated in January 2009 that “In the Arab world, only Hamas and Hizballah, with the backing of Tehran, reject the Arab peace initiative.” Left-wing Israeli commentator and former Minister of Justice Yossi Beilin also said in January 2009 that “Hamas considers its adherence to the three “nos” of Khartoum from 1967, which the entire Arab world abandoned in adopting the Arab peace initiative, to be its primary distinctive feature Fateh. Even a prolonged battering by the IDF will not bring Hamas to make this change.” The Khaleej Times editorialized in December 2008 that “The Arab peace plan remains the best and most pragmatic solution to Palestine-Israel conflict…. Even though Hamas and Islamic Jihad are not prepared to accept anything short of the entire Palestine occupied in 1940s, if the plan is accepted by Israel and US, the Arabs could possibly persuade Islamists to embrace it too.”

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has invited Egypt, Jordan and Saudi Arabia to a meeting of the Middle East Quartet seeking a diplomatic solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The foreign ministers of the three Arab countries will join their counterparts from Russia, the United States of America and EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini for the talks on September 30, 2015.

Third Temple

Nitzanei Sinai

Way of Peace
by Dany Karavan

Prior Correspondence:

Tuesday, May 19, 2009 emailed file: A Bridge for the World – Peace Plan to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict – the Whitehouse, US State Department and to the Vice President of the United States.

Friday, September 25, 2009 emailed file: A Bridge for the World – Peace Plan to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (rev.2) –;;;;

Friday, December 11, 2009 emailed file: A Bridge for the World – Peace Plan to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (rev.3) –;;;;;;

Sunday, December 13, 2009 emailed file: A Bridge for the World – Peace Plan to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (rev.3) –;;;;

Tuesday, February 01, 2011 emailed file: A Bridge for the World – Peace Plan to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (rev.4) –;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

Wednesday, February 27, 2013 emailed file: A Bridge for the World – Peace Plan to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (rev.5) –;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; United;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

Monday, September 1, 2014: A Bridge for the World – Peace Plan to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (rev.6) –;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

September 22, 2015: ….

Timeline: 1841-2015

June 14, 1841: Colonel Charles Henry Churchill, also known as ‘Churchill Bey’, (first cousin of John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough, the grandfather of Winston Churchill). He was a British officer and diplomat and a British consul in Ottoman Syria who created the first political plan for Zionism and the creation of the state of Israel in the region of Ottoman Palestine; the proposal correspondence with Sir Moses Montefiore, the President of the Board of Deputies of British Jews, proposed a strategy for the creating of a Jewish state, pre-dating formal Zionism by approximately half a century.

August 29-31, 1897: First Zionist Congress was the inaugural congress of the Zionist Organization (ZO) (to become the World Zionist Organization (WZO) in 1960) held in Basel (Basle), Switzerland; it was convened and chaired by Theodor Herzl; he is elected the President of the Zionist Organization; a Zionist flag is displayed with a gold lion inside a gold Magen David and seven golden stars; “Zionism aims at establishing for the Jewish people a publicly and legally assured home in Palestine”

October 24, 1915: McMahon-Hussein Agreement – Britain agrees to give the Arabs their independence if they fight against the Ottomans. McMahon stated that Palestine was to be included in the Arab state, although the borders of Palestine were disputed.

May 16, 1916: Sykes–Picot Agreement – Britain, France and Russia, signed this secret agreement to keep the Ottoman Empire land. The agreement effectively divided the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire outside the Arabian peninsula into areas of future British and French control or influence.

November 2, 1917: Balfour Declaration – Britain agrees with the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland for the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people. It was a letter issued by Arthur James Balfour, the British foreign secretary, on behalf of the Government of His Britannic Majesty King George the Fifth, addressed to Lord Rothschild.

January 3, 1919: Faisal–Weizmann Agreement – signed by Faisal bin Hussein bin Ali al-Hashimi and Chaim Weizmann of the World Zionist Organization, part of the Paris Peace Conference to support an Arab Kingdom and Jewish settlement in Palestine.

March 8, 1920: Arabs claim an independent government as the Arab Kingdom of Syria. The Kingdom was established under Faisal I of the Hashemite family. Greater Syria (Syria, along with Transjordan, Palestine, and Lebanon) was proclaimed independent from rule by foreign powers and was declared a constitutional monarchy with Faiṣal as king.

April 25, 1920: San Remo Resolution – “The High Contracting Parties agree to entrust, by application of the provisions of Article 22, the administration of Palestine, within such boundaries as may be determined by the Principal Allied Powers, to a Mandatory, to be selected by the said Powers. The Mandatory will be responsible for putting into effect the declaration originally made on November 8, 1917, by the British Government, and adopted by the other Allied Powers, in favor of the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.”

June 3, 1922: Churchill White Paper – after the San Remo Conference, Winston Churchill clarified the position of the British government in the Churchill White Paper; in that Britain’s views on the Balfour Declaration, do not contemplate that Palestine as a whole should be converted into a Jewish National Home, but that such a Home should be founded “in Palestine.” It should be noted, that all of the land of British Palestine was never fully promised to either the Israeli Jews or the Palestinian Arabs. The argument is made that the San Remo Conference stated that all of Palestine would be for a Jewish National Home.

June 30, 1922: the Official Journal of the League of Nations, contained a statement by Lord Balfour in which he explained that the League’s authority was strictly limited. “The article related that the ‘Mandates were not the creation of the League, and they could not in substance be altered by the League. Basically, Britain concluded that they still controlled the land, instead of the League of Nations.

July 24, 1922: British Mandate for Palestine is created. It was a legal commission for the administration of the territory. Palestine and Transjordan were to remain under British control.

September 16, 1922: Transjordan Memorandum – a British memorandum passed by the Council of the League of Nations went into force. This single memorandum gave away 91,000 square kilometers of the original 118,000 square kilometers, of the Palestine Mandate. So, in this one memorandum, the British gave away 77% of all the land, which would eventually be called Jordan. After giving away this land, the British then excluded the land, Transjordan at the time, from any area promised as a national home for the Jews, or as an independent national home for the indigenous peoples in Palestine. This one act created severe problems in Palestine and continues to create problems to this day. The land was given to the Sharif of Mecca, Hussein bin Ali, who ruled from 1908, and rebelled against the Ottoman rule during the Arab Revolt of 1916. The British granted control over the newly formed states of Iraq and Transjordan to his sons Faisal and Abdullah.

April 25, 1936: The Arab Higher Committee or the Higher National Committee was the central political organ of the Arab community of Mandate Palestine. It was established on the initiative of Hajj Amin al-Husayni, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, and comprised the leaders of Palestinian Arab clans and political parties under the mufti’s chairmanship.

May 23, 1939: White Paper of 1939 – in favor of creating an independent Palestine governed by Palestinian Arabs and Jews in proportion to their numbers in the population by 1939. This was a policy paper issued by the British government under Neville Chamberlain.

October 24, 1945: United Nations was founded after World War II to replace the League of Nations.

November 29, 1947: UN General Assembly adopted a resolution recommending the adoption of the Partition Plan as Resolution 181(II); in this resolution the land of Palestine was given to the Palestinian Arabs and the Israeli Jews, for a two state solution. Arabs have always reiterated that it was rejected because it was unfair: it gave the majority of the land (56%) to the Jews, who at that stage legally owned only 7% of the land and were a minority of the population. The area under Jewish control contained 45% of the Palestinian population. The Arabs argued that it violated the rights of the majority of the people in Palestine, which at the time was 67% non-Jewish (1,237,000) and 33% Jewish (608,000); yet the proposed Arab state was only given 44% of the land, much of which was unfit for agriculture. Jaffa, geographically separated, was to be part of the Arab state. The plan allocated to the Jewish State most of the Negev desert that was sparsely populated and unsuitable for agriculture but also a “vital land bridge protecting British interests from the Suez Canal to Iraq.”

May 14, 1948: British Mandate over Palestine expired; and the State of Israel declared independence; the declaration states that the State of Israel would ensure complete equality of social and political rights to all its inhabitants irrespective of religion, race or sex, and guaranteed freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture. But, the Knesset maintains that the Declaration of Independence of the State of Israel is neither a law nor an ordinary legal document; the Supreme Court has ruled that the guarantees were merely guiding principles, and that the declaration is not a constitutional law making a practical ruling on the upholding or nullification of various ordinances and statutes.

September 22, 1948: All-Palestine Government was established by the Arab League, during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. It was soon recognized by all Arab League members except Transjordan. Though jurisdiction of the Government was declared to cover the whole of the former Mandatory Palestine, its effective jurisdiction was limited to the Gaza Strip. The Prime Minister of the Gaza-seated administration was Ahmed Hilmi Pasha, and the President was Hajj Amin al-Husseini, former chairman of the Arab Higher Committee.

December 11, 1948: United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194 was passed, defining principles for reaching a final settlement and solving the refugee problem in the region. The resolution was adopted by a majority of 35 countries from among the 58 members of the United Nations at that time; however all six Arab countries then represented at the UN voted against it (Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria and Yemen, all were parties to the conflict in question).

December 1948: Jericho Conference was held to decide the future of the portion of Palestine that was held by Jordan at the end of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, led by Sheikh Muhammad Ali Ja’abari. Pro-Jordanian personalities called for the annexation of the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, to Jordan, This unification was later known as the Unification of the Two Banks (the eastern and western banks of the Jordan River.) It stated, Palestine Arabs desire unity between Transjordan and Arab Palestine and therefore make known their wish that Arab Palestine be annexed immediately to Transjordan. They also recognize Abdullah as their King and request him proclaim himself King of new territory.

May 11, 1949: Israel is admitted into the UN. This is conditional on Israel’s acceptance and implementation of resolutions 181 and 194. These resolutions granted UN control over Jerusalem and for the return of Palestinian refugees. Resolution 181: United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine; Resolution 194: defined principles for reaching a final settlement and solving the refugee problem in the region.

May 12, 1949: Lausanne Protocol – the Arabs and Israel signed. By signing the Protocol, countries recognized the Resolutions 181 and 194. The parties signed a joint protocol on the framework for a comprehensive peace, which included territories, refugees, and Jerusalem, in which Israel agreed “in principle” to allow the return of all of the Palestinian refugees.

August 12, 1949: Israel signed the Fourth Geneva Convention; it was ratified on June 2, 1951. The Israeli Supreme Court ruled that the fundamental principles of international law, accepted as binding by all civilized nations, were to be incorporated in the domestic legal system of Israel. The Fourth Geneva Convention contains Section III. Occupied territories; Articles 47-78 impose substantial obligations on occupying powers. As well as numerous provisions for the general welfare of the inhabitants of an occupied territory, an occupier may not forcibly deport protected persons, or deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into occupied territory (Art.49). Protected persons who are in occupied territory shall not be deprived, in any case or in any manner whatsoever, of the benefits of the present Convention by any change introduced, as the result of the occupation of a territory, into the institutions or government of the said territory, nor by any agreement concluded between the authorities of the occupied territories and the Occupying Power, nor by any annexation by the latter of the whole or part of the occupied territory (Art.47).

May 28, 1964: PLO signed its Original PLO Charter. The Palestinian National Covenant or Palestinian National Charter is the charter or constitution of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

June 19, 1967: National Unity Government of Israel voted unanimously to return the Sinai to Egypt and the Golan Heights to Syria in return for peace agreements. The U.S. was informed of the decision, but not that it was to transmit it. There is no evidence it was conveyed to Egypt or Syria. The decision was kept a closely guarded secret within Israeli government circles and the offer was withdrawn in October 1967.

November 22, 1974: UN General Assembly officially “acknowledged” the government of Palestine; as observer status at the United Nations and as a “non-state entity,” which entitled it to speak in the UN General Assembly but not to vote; to use the designation “Palestine” instead of “Palestine Liberation Organization” when referring to the Palestinian permanent observer.

November 15, 1988: State of Palestine is a state that was proclaimed by the Palestine Liberation Organization’s (PLO’s) National Council (PNC) which unilaterally adopted the Palestinian Declaration of Independence.

August 20, 1993: Oslo I Accord or Oslo I, officially called the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements or short Declaration of Principles (DOP), was an attempt to set up a framework that would lead to the resolution of the ongoing Israeli–Palestinian conflict. It was the first face-to-face agreement between the government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

1994: Palestinian Authority was formed, pursuant to the Oslo Accords between the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and the government of Israel, as a five-year interim body. Further negotiations were then meant to take place between the two parties regarding its final status. As of 2013, more than eighteen years following the formulation of the Authority, this status has yet to be reached.

May 4, 1994: Gaza–Jericho Agreement – officially called Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area, was a follow-up treaty to the Oslo I Accord in which details of Palestinian autonomy were concluded. The agreement is commonly known as the 1994 Cairo Agreement. The Treaty provided for limited Palestinian self-rule in West Bank and Gaza Strip within five years. Pursuant to the Agreement, Israel promised to withdraw partly from Jericho in the West Bank and partly from the Gaza Strip, within three weeks from the date of the signing.

March 28, 2002: Arab Peace Initiative – a comprehensive peace initiative first proposed at the Beirut Summit of the Arab League by then-Crown Prince, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, and re-endorsed at the Riyadh Summit in 2007. The initiative attempts to end the Arab–Israeli conflict, which means normalizing relations between the entire Arab region and Israel, in exchange for a complete withdrawal from the occupied territories (including East Jerusalem) and a “just settlement” of the Palestinian refugee crisis based on UN Resolution 194 (which calls for a diplomatic resolution to the conflict and resolves that any refugees “wishing to return to their homes and live at peace with their neighbors” should be able to do so or, if they otherwise wish, should be provided with compensation).

July 9, 2004: the International Court of Justice concluded that Israel had breached its obligations under international law by establishing settlements in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem and that Israel cannot rely on a right of self-defense or on a state of necessity in order to preclude the wrongfulness of imposing a régime, which is contrary to international law. The construction of the wall being built by Israel, the occupying Power, in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including in and around East Jerusalem, and its associated régime, are contrary to international law.

February 7, 2012: Fatah–Hamas Doha Agreement was signed by President Mahmoud Abbas and Hamas chief Khaled Meshal in the presence of Qatar’s emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, intended to end the Fatah–Hamas conflict.

November 29, 2012: UN General Assembly grants Palestine non-member observer State status at UN; resolution 67/19; adopted by a vote of 138 in favor to nine against with 41 abstentions by the 193-member Assembly; nations who voted against: Canada, Czech Republic, Israel, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Panama, United States of America.

January 2013: Fatah-controlled Palestinian Authority rebranded itself as the State of Palestine in official documents.

September 7, 2013: 134 (69.4%) of the 193 member states of the United Nations have recognized the State of Palestine

April 2, 2014: Palestinian Authority signed up formally to the Geneva Conventions, which set down the rules of warfare and humanitarian operations in conflict zones. The Palestinians had pledged to freeze all moves to seek membership in U.N. organizations and international conventions – a stepping stone to recognition of their hoped-for state – during the talks in return for Israel’s release of veteran Arab prisoners. But after Israel announced plans to expand settlements in occupied Arab East Jerusalem, The State of Palestine turned to the U.N. organizations. The Palestinians have also submitted requests to the United Nations to join 13 other international conventions and treaties, and the world body has said that the move was legal. The treaties include the Vienna Convention on diplomatic relations, the convention on the rights of the child, the convention against torture and an anti-corruption accord.

June 2, 2014: Palestinian Unity Government of 2014 was formed after an agreement between the Fatah and Hamas parties. The new government was recognized by the European Union, the United Nations, the United States, China, India, Russia and Turkey.

June 17, 2015: The Palestinian Unity Government resigned; saying that it was unable to operate in the Gaza Strip.

Religious Arguments:                                        

And the way of peace have they not known:


“At that time Michael, the great prince who protects your people, will arise.” Michael is the ‘Elijah’ the Jews have been waiting for, whom scripture has foretold will presage the appearance of the Messiah. Just as the Holy Spirit does not speak as from himself, but says only what he has learnt, glorifying Jesus, so it is with Michael. Everything the Father has is Christ’s. The counsel and guidance of Michael in his role as guardian angel will come from Jesus. Nothing in his guidance comes as from himself or will be designed to contribute to his own glory. Michael and the Holy Spirit work hand in hand for our welfare in Christ and are never far apart. Scripture tells us that on His return, “the coming of the son of Man will be like lightning striking in the east and flashing far into the west.” (Mat. 24:27). He will not make His entrance through any gate. It is His messenger and herald that will pass through the gate, and as he does so, call out the command that brings the Lord’s return. Michael’s expedition will represent the exodus of the Church, freed by the Rebel’s proclamation, leaving its long captivity in Babylon and returning in triumph to the Jerusalem it was banished from by the decree of God almost 2000 years ago. The journey will lead away from Rome (symbol of the Church’s dispersion to Babylon) through the eastern deserts, and finally to Jerusalem in Palestine which the holy contingent will approach from the east. Michael and his small entourage will represent the City of David returning to reunite itself with the city of Jerusalem, finally re-combining the long-divided twin Houses of Israel back into a single entity once again. With Michael’s appearance in Jerusalem, the Jews, so long blind, will suddenly regain their sight and see the Lord of Hosts. Falling to their knees in sorrow and joy, they will repent of their sins in His name. Instantly, unity between the two houses of Israel will be reestablished. Michael will appear to finish in person what he began in the spirit, leading Israel into the true Promised Land ­ the kingdom of heaven (Ex. 23:20). “The Lord showed me Joshua the high priest, standing before the angel of God, with Satan standing on his right to accuse him. The angel of God said to Satan, ‘May the Lord rebuke you, Satan, may the Lord rebuke you, he who has made Jerusalem his very own. Is not this man a brand snatched from the fire? “I myself will send an angel before you to guard you as you go and to bring you to the place that I have prepared. Give him reverence and listen to all that he says. Offer him no resistance; he would not pardon such a fault, for my name is in him. If you listen carefully to his voice and do all that I say, I shall be enemy to your enemies, foe to your foes. My angel will go before you and lead you…” “When that day comes, the Lord will spread his protection over the citizens of Jerusalem; the one among them who was about to fall will be like David on that day, and the House of David will be like God (like the angel of the Lord) at their head.” Afterward he brought me to the gate, even the gate that looketh toward the east: And, behold, the glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the east: And I heard him speaking unto me out of the house; and the man stood by me. And he said unto me, Son of man, the place of my throne, and the place of the soles of my feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel for ever, and my holy name, shall the house of Israel no more defile, neither they, nor their kings, by their whoredom, nor by the carcases of their kings in their high places. Thou son of man, shew the house to the house of Israel, that they may be ashamed of their iniquities: and let them measure the pattern. Then he brought me back the way of the gate of the outward sanctuary which looketh toward the east; and it was shut.  Then said the Lord unto me; This gate shall be shut, it shall not be opened, and no man shall enter in by it; because the Lord, the God of Israel, hath entered in by it, therefore it shall be shut. It is for the prince; the prince, he shall sit in it to eat bread before the Lord; he shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate, and shall go out by the way of the same. And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people. When Michael appears, the people of Jerusalem will recognize his approach from the Mount of Olives as he heralds Christ’s Second Coming. Seeing Michael and those who are with him advance toward them, the Jewish people will welcome the arrival with the words, “Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord”. The stone sealing the eastern gate, having fallen before him, Michael will pass through its portals and call out the command. With that the trumpet will sound and Jesus will return in glory with all the angels of heaven. “In all this there is no one to lend me support except Michael your prince, on whom I rely to give me support and reinforce me.”


Exodus 23:31 (KJV) And I will set thy bounds from the Red sea even unto the sea of the Philistines, and from the desert unto the river: My Peace Plan meets these requirements: Israel would span from the Red Sea, with coasts on the Gulf of Suez, the Gulf of Aqaba and to the southern-most point of the former Sinai Peninsula, on the coast of the Red Sea. Even unto the sea of the Philistines; in the Bible, the Mediterranean Sea was also known as the “Sea of the Philistines” (Exod. 23:31), from the people occupying a large portion of its shores near the Israelites. Israel would continue to have a northern coast on the Mediterranean Sea. And from the desert, the desert is the Negev Desert, and now would extend to the southern-most point of the Sinai. Unto the river, unto implies north from the Negev Desert to the Jordan River. Prophecies would be fulfilled.


Jebusites is one of the nations that was in Palestine at the time of the invasion of the Israelites. In the list of the sons of Canaan, the Jebusite occupies the third place, between Heth and the Amorite (Gen. x. 15, 16; I Chron. i. 13, 14). This is also its position in Num. xiii. 29; in Josh. xi. 3, however, the Jebusite is mentioned between the Perizzite and the Hivite. On the other hand, in the oft-repeated enumeration of the tribes that occupied the land of Canaan, the Jebusite comes always at the end (Gen. xv. 21; Ex. iii. 8). The Jebusites, stated to have dwelt in the mountains (Num. xiii. 29; Josh. xi. 3), were a warlike people. At the time of Joshua’s invasion the capital of the Jebusites was Jerusalem, called also “Jebus” (Judges xix. 10, 11; II Sam. v. 6), whose king Adoni-zedek organized a confederacy against Joshua. Adoni-zedek was defeated at Beth-horon, and he himself was slaughtered at Makkedah (Josh. x. 1-27); but the Jebusites could not be driven from their mountainous position, and they dwelt at Jerusalem with the children of Judah and Benjamin (Josh. xv. 63; Judges i. 21). In the expression of Zechariah,” and Ekron will be as a Jebusite” (Zech. ix. 7), “Jebusite” must be taken to mean “Jerusalemite.” The Jebusites had in their city two figures—one of a blind person, representing Isaac, and one of a lame person, representing Jacob—and these figures had in their mouths the words of the covenant made between Abraham and the Jebusites. Within their territory lay the cave of Machpelah, which Abraham wished to buy. But they said to him: “We know that God will give this country to your descendants. Now, if you will make a covenant with us that Israel will not take the city of Jebus against the will of its inhabitants, we will cede to you the cave and will give you a bill of sale.” Abraham, who was very anxious to obtain this holy burial-place, thereupon made a covenant with the Jebusites, who engraved its contents on bronze. When the people of Israel came into the promised land they could not conquer Jebus (comp. Judges i. 21) because the bronze figures, with Abraham’s covenant engraved thereon, were standing in the center of the city.

The same was the case later with King David, to whom the Jebusites said: “You can not enter the city of Jebus until you have destroyed the bronze figures on which Abraham’s covenant with our ancestors is engraved.” David thereupon promised a captaincy to the person who should destroy the figures; and Joab secured the prize (comp. II Sam. v. 6; I Chron. xi. 6). David then took the city of Jebus from its owners; the right of appeal to the covenant with Abraham had been forfeited by them through the war they had waged against Joshua; and after the figures themselves had been destroyed, David had not to fear even that the people would reproach him with having broken the covenant. Nevertheless he paid the inhabitants in coin the full value of the city (comp. II Sam. xxiv. 24; I Chron. xxi. 25), collecting the money from all the tribes of Israel; so that the Holy City became their common property (Pirḳe R. El. xxxvi.; comp. David Luria’s notes in his commentary ad loc.; on the money paid for Jerusalem, comp. Midr. Shemu’el xxxii., beginning; Sifre, Num. 42; Zeb. 16b).


The Torah does not record the Philistines as one of the nations to be displaced from Canaan. In Genesis 15:18-21 the Philistines are absent from the ten nations Abraham’s descendants will displace as well as being absent from the list of nations Moses tells the people they will conquer (Deut. 7:1, 20:17). God also intentionally directed the Israelites away from the Philistines upon their exit from Egypt according to Exodus 13:17. In Genesis 21, Abraham agreed to a covenant of kindness with the Philistine king Avimelech and his descendants. The Battle of Aphek is a biblical episode described in 1 Samuel 4:1-10 of the Hebrew Bible. During this battle the Philistines defeat the Israelite army and capture the Ark of the Covenant. After the Ark had been among them for seven months, the Philistines, on the advice of their diviners, returned it to the Israelites.

The Israelites and Judahites have had four autonomous nations in this land, and have lived in this area for a period of 3285 years, if not more. The Philistines/Palestinians have lived in this area for a period of 3,191 years, if not more. So, the Palestinians and Israelis, both, have thousands of years of history in this land. With this plan, there would be no more dead-lock for the zealots in Christianity; compromise is required for the second coming to be possible. There would be no more complaint of Judaism, would be no further need for the bully Israel, no more criticism, only praise and admiration. The Muslim nation could begin to truly live in Islam; a return to enlightenment; this plan is required for the coming of the Mahdi, Isa and Masih ad-Dajjal, and Yawm al-Qiyāmah in Al-Quds. For the Messiah to return through the East Gate and walk straight into the temple. For Jesus to come back on the Mount of Olives and walk through the East Gate. These are the beliefs of the three Abrahamic religions and the proposals in this plan will meet these goals. And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.


JUDAISM: According to Jewish tradition the Messiah (Mashiach) will enter Jerusalem from the east. The Eastern Gate (Golden Gate) has a special holiness; legend has it that the Shechinah (Divine Presence) used to appear through this gate and will appear again, and that in the meantime it must be left untouched. Muslims call this gate The Mercy Gate (Bab el Rahmeh) and according to the Koran, the just will pass through this gate on the Day of Judgment. The Golden Gate, the oldest of all Jerusalem gates, is believed to be have been built by Byzantine Emperor Heraclius around 627 on the top of the ruins of previously existing gates. The stones in the wall just above the ground have been dated to the 6th century BCE, around the time of prophet Nehemiah. The Golden Gate is a structure that consists of the two gates that lead directly to the Temple Mount. The southern part of the gate is called the Gate of Mercy (Shaar Harashamim in Hebrew) as in ancient times Jews would pray in front of the gate asking Almighty for mercy. Muslims also refer to it as the Gate of Eternal Life. In the New Testament it is mentioned as a Beautiful Gate. The northern part is called Gate of Repentance (Shaar Teshuvah in Hebrew). During the time of the First Temple period this was the closest entrance to the Temple of Solomon. The Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent sealed off the Golden Gate in 1541. There is a little-known prophecy in the Book of Chronicles which describes some of what will occur here at the time of the end. This prophecy concerns two Israelite leaders and it shows that the Jewish nation will be divided into two separate factions as the End approaches. The leaders of these two factions are represented in the Book of Chronicles by Ahab of Israel and Jehoshaphat of Judea. (2 Chron.15-20). These two kings illustrate the two political philosophies that will hold sway in Israel during the last days. Ahab represents a future Israeli leader who will reject the spirit of true religion and choose to pursue a militant and worldly course much like the one which has been popularly embraced by many in Israel today. Jehoshaphat, on the other hand, images Ahab’s polar opposite — a benevolent leader to come who will encourage the peaceful and compassionate righteousness commanded by scripture. In the end, the outcome defined in the pages of the Book of Chronicles will be repeated. The militant group will perish in battle while those who follow the peaceful directives of Jehoshaphat will have their eyes opened to see the Messiah in glory.

ISLAM: And after him We said to the Children of Israel, ‘Dwell Ye in the promised land; and when the time of the promise of the Latter Days come, We shall bring you together out of various people.” (17:105) According to Islamic tradition which describes this graphically, Jesus’ descent will be in the midst of wars fought by al-Mahdi (lit. “the rightly guided one”), known in Islamic eschatology as the redeemer of Islam, against al-Masīh ad-Dajjāl (the Antichrist “False messiah”) and his followers. Jesus will descend at the point of a white arcade, east of Damascus, dressed in yellow robes—his head anointed. He will say prayer behind al-Mahdi then join him in his war against the Dajjal. Jesus, considered as a Muslim, will abide by the Islamic teachings. Eventually, Jesus will slay the Antichrist, and then everyone who is one of the People of the Book (ahl al-kitāb, referring to Jews and Christians) will believe in him. Thus, there will be one community, that of Islam. Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 43: Kitab-ul-`Ilm (Book of Knowledge), Hâdith Number 656: Allah’s Apostle said, “The Hour will not be established until the son of Mary descends amongst you as a just ruler, he will break the cross, kill the pigs, and abolish the Jizya tax. Money will be in abundance so that nobody will accept it (as charitable gifts).”

CHRISTIANITY: Christian Zionists, or dispensationalists, give Israel total support because they think there has to be an Israel there, a place for the battle of Armageddon. It’s part of the required steps, they believe, that will lead to their Rapture and the Second Coming of Christ. Because of this scenario, they make a cult of the land of Israel; they put this cult of the land above the teachings of Christ. Jewish Zionists support the Christian dispensationalists because the dispensationalists give them total support. In dealing with the criticism of this alliance between militant Christians and militant Jews, it is important to know the difference between religion and politics. True faith, whether one is Christian, Muslim, or Jewish, is religion. Zionism, whether one is Christian, Muslim, or Jewish, is politics. And it is politics because it deals with land, not spiritual views. The battle of Armageddon refers to the final war between human governments and God. Armageddon, sometimes rendered “Har–Magedon” (Hebrew Har Meghiddohnʹ), means “Mountain of Megiddo.” Megiddo was once a city in the territory of ancient Israel. However, Armageddon cannot refer to the literal area near ancient Megiddo. There is no large mountain there, and even the entire adjoining Low Plain of Jezreel could not contain all those who will fight against God.

Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you that kill the prophets and stone those who are sent to you! How often have I longed to gather your children as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, and you refused! So be it, your house will be left to you desolate, for I promise, you shall not see me any more until you say: ‘Blessings on him who comes in the name of the Lord.

And the writing was Jesus Of Nazareth The King Of The JewsThis title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin.  Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews. 


About the Author

My name is Michael Ruark (Michael-Are-You-Ark?)

Michael – (pron.: /ˈmaɪkəl/), is a given name that comes from the Hebrew: מִיכָאֵל / מיכאל‎ (Mikha’el), derived from the question מי כאל (mi k’ʔel) meaning “Who is like God? In the Book of Revelation in the New Testament he is portrayed as the leader of heaven’s armies, and thus is considered the patron saint of soldiers. In Hebrew the name is pronounced as Mi-kha-el; spelling is Mem-Yud-Caf-Alef-Lamed. In Sunni Islam, Michael will be sent to bring a handful of Earth, but the Earth will not want to yield a piece of itself. Michael is seen as playing an important role as the protector of Israel, and later of the Christian Church. According to rabbinic Jewish tradition, Michael acted as the advocate of Israel, and sometimes had to fight with the princes of the other nations (cf. Daniel 10:13) and particularly with the angel Samael, Israel’s accuser. The Qur’an mentions Michael together with Gabriel in the sura Al-Baqara: “Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His angels and messengers, to Gabriel and Michael,- Lo! Allah is an enemy to those who reject Faith.” —Quran, sura 2 (Al-Baqara) ayat 97-98.

Ruark – 

The Spirit came with what seemed like wind – the Hebrew word is Ruach (Ruark), a word which means an invisible, mysterious, and powerful force. The same Ruach (ROO-akh), that drove back the Red Sea and blew the plague of locusts over the land of Egypt and away again. It can also be used to describe some form of empowering from outside. A force beyond human experience takes possession of the person. And this wind, this Ruach, was accompanied by fire, symbol of God’s presence. In the Old Testament the breath of God, ‘Ruark’, conjured up for the Jews a picture of the powerful energy of God in the world. As ‘breath of God’ he creates, inspires, gives leadership, empowers, reveals God’s word and gives creative ability. In the Tanakh, the word ruach generally means wind, breath, mind, spirit. In a living creature (nephesh chayah), the ruach is the breath. Ruach also denotes other entities: angelic beings [“spirits”]: Jud 9:23; 1 Sam 16:14-16, 23; 1 Kgs 22:21-24; 2 Kgs 19:7; Job 4:15; 1 Sam 28:8, 13; Isa 14:9; 26:14, 19.

Serviendo Guberno. Translation: “I Govern By Serving” (alternate translations: “By Ruling I Serve”, or “To Serving the Helm”); Tuatha Dé Danann; King David, through Zedekiahs daughter Tamar Tephi who married Eochaidh king of Ireland”; Makhir Theodoric of Septamia; and Rurik or Riurik. Rurik (Old Church Slavonic: Рюрик, from Rørik; c. 830 – c. 879) was a legendary Varangian chieftain who gained control of Ladoga in 862, built the Holmgard settlement near Novgorod, and founded the Rurik Dynasty, which ruled Kievan Rus (and later Grand Duchy of Moscow and Tsardom of Russia) until the 17th century. From Ireland, a poet wrote: “Since Hector was slain by the Greeks, or since Achilles was slain at pleasant Troy, there has not been killed – it is no lie- a splendid warrior like the royal, noble grandson of Ruarc.” Bréifne (the Breffny, Brefnie, Brenny) was the traditional territory for an early Irish tribal group known as the Uí Briúin Bréifne. Ancestors of the Ua Ruairc (O’Rourke, O’Rorke, et al) were among the early leaders of the Uí Briúin Bréifne beginning in the 8th century.

Ruark number (RU) is a dimensionless number seen in fluid mechanics.
It is defined as: where: density; velocity; pressure

A Bridge for the World – Peace Plan to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: May 19, 2009
Michael Ruark


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