6th century BCE – Lao Tsu – Philosopher. Wrote the Tao Te Ching. Considered the founder of philosophical Taoism. Taught “violence always rebounds on itself.”
599-527 BCE – Mahavira – Established the central tenets of Jainism including non-violence toward all living beings.
563-483 BCE – Siddhartha Gautama – The Buddha. Described Nirvana as the perfect peace of a mind that’s free from ignorance, greed, hatred & other “defilements.”
551-479 BCE – Confucius – Social philosopher. Emphasized personal & governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice & sincerity.
341-270 BCE – Epicurus – Philosopher. Founder of Epicureanism. “His materialism led him to a general attack on superstition & divine intervention.”
304–232 BCE – Ashoka – Emperor. Devotee of ahimsa (nonviolence), love, truth, tolerance & vegetarianism.
99-c55 BCE – Lucretius – Poet & philosopher. Only known work is De rerum natura/”On the Nature of Things” about the philosophy of Epicureanism.
6 BCE-35 – Jesus of Nazareth – The Christ. “Prince of Peace.” Preached “Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God.” Crucified.
274-295 – Maximilianus – Christian son of a Roman soldier in North Africa. Refused to go to war. Earliest recorded conscientious objector. Became a saint.
316-397 – Martin of Tours – Renounced violence after serving in Roman army. Became Bishop of Tours (France). Called “Soldier of Peace” & patron saint of soldiers.
370-415 – Hypatia – First notable female mathematician. Assassinated by Christian mob. A symbol of martryed Reason, feminism & Classical paganism.
570-632 – Muhammad – Unified Arabia into a single religious polity under Islam. Wrote the Qur’an starting about 610
1075-1115 – Magnus Erlendsson – First Earl of Orkney. Saint Magnus. Refused to fight in a Viking raid on Anglesey, stayed on board ship singing psalms.
1098-1179 – Hildegard of Bingen – Composer, philosopher, Christian mystic, Benedictine abbess, visionary & polymath. “Sibyl of the Rhine” Wrote first surviving morality play.
1126-1198 – Averroes – Andalusian Muslim polymath. “Father of secularism.” His school of philosophy is known as Averroism.
1181-1226 – Saint Francis of Assisi – Friar & preacher. Founded the Franciscan Order. Patron saint of animals.
1194-1250 – Frederick II – King of Sicily 1197. Holy Roman Emperor 1220-50. Remained committed to humanist values of his materal grandfather, Henry I.
12th or 13th century – Deganawide – Traditional founder of Haudenosaunee (Iroquois Confederacy) & the Law of the Great Peace. Called The Great Peacemaker.
1265-1321 – Dante Alighieri. Poet. His “Divine Comedy” is considered the greatest literary work composed in Italian & a masterpiece of world literature.
1304-1374 – Francesco Petrarca – Petrarch in English. Scholar & lyrical poet. Often called “Father of Humanism.” First to develop the concept of the “Dark Ages.”
1412-1431 – Joan of Arc – Semi-legendary as a brave & active woman. Burned at the stake (age 19) but beatified in 1909 & canonized in 1920.
1441-1501 – Ali-Shir Nava’i – Turkic politician, mystic, linguist, painter, poet & humanist. Founder of early Turkic literature. Many places & institutions named for him.
1466-1536 – Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam – Humanist, priest & theologian. “Inventor of peace.” Wrote “Dulce Bellus Inexpertis” in 1517.
1478-1535 – Saint Thomas More – Lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman & humanist. Coined “Utopia.”
1484-1566 – Bartolome de las Casas – Historian, social reformer & Dominican friar. First officially appointed “Protector of the Indians.”
1493-1540 – Juan Luis Vives – First scholar to analyze the psyche directly. Supported children’s education.
1495-1527 – Michael Sattler – Benedictine Monk. Became an Anabaptist leader. Helped develop the Schleitheim Confession. “Burned after severe torture” His wife Margareta & others were drowned.
1496-1561 – Menno Simons – Priest but rejected Catholicism in 1536 & becamse a pacifist Anabaptist reformer & peacemaker. “Mennonite” is derived from his name.
1506-1552 – Francis Xavier – Jesuit missionary. Worked two years in Japan. Called “Apostle of the Indies” & “Apostle of Japan.”
1509-1539 – Anneke Esaiasdochter – Anabaptist martyr remembered for letter to her infant son Isaiah in “Martyr’s Mirror.” Executed for heresy by drowning due to her connection to David Joris. Also called Anna Jansz.
1510-1579 – Ferenc Dávid – Nontrinitarian & Unitarian preacher. Founded Unitarian Church of Transylvania in 1568.
1511-1553 – Michael Servetus – Theologian, physician, cartographer & humanist. In Protestant Reformation. Nontrinitarian. Burned at the stake in Geneva.
1530-1569 – Dirk Willems – Celebrated Anabaptist martyr. Escaping from prison but rescued his pursuer who fell through thin ice. Was then recaptured, tortured & killed for his faith.
1548-1600 – Giordano Bruno – Dominican friar, philosopher, mathematician, poet & astrologer. Burned at stake for denying Catholic doctrines. Now considered a pioneer of freethought & science.
1561-1626 – Francis Bacon – Philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist & author. Advocate & practitioner of scientific method.
1576-1628 – Roque González de Santa Cruz – Jesuit priest, doctor, engineer, architect, farmer & pastor. Protected indigenous Indians from the slave trade.
1583-1645 – Hugo Grotius – Jurist, philosopher, theologian, Christian apologist, playwright & poet. Wrote “On the Law of War & Peace” in 1625.
1584-1647 – Prince Frederick-Henry – Warrior, “Bringer of Peace” & founder of the Golden Age. Surrounded by peace symbols in paintings of Oranjezaal/Orange Hall, The Hague.
1590-1648 – Eméric Crucé – Monk. Wrote “The New Cyneas” in 1623 proposing that all states meet (preferably in Venice) to create a universal union of all peoples.
1591-1643 – Anne Hutchinson – Puritan spiritual adviser. “Courageous exponent of civil liberty & religious toleration.”
1592-1670 – Jan Amos Comenius – Educator. Last bishop of Unity of the Brethren. Early champion of universal education. “Father of modern education.”
1596-1650 – René Descartes – Philosopher, mathematician & writer. Dubbed the “Father of modern philosophy.”
1603-1683 – Roger Williams – Theologian. First American proponent of religious freedom & separation of church & state. “Arguably the first abolitionist in North America.”
1611-1660 – Mary Dyer – Quaker martyr. Duplicate statues in Boston, Philadelphia & Richmond, Indiana.
1624-1691 – George Fox – Religious dissenter. Founded Quakerism after climbing Hill of Vision.
1632-1677 – Baruch Spinoza – Enlightenment philosopher & rationalist. Lay groundwork for 18th century Enlightenment. Magnum opus Ethics published posthumously.
1632-1704 – John Locke – Philosopher & physician. Regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers. Known as the “Father of Classical Liberalism.”
1642-1726 – Isaac Newton – Physicist & mathematician (“natural philosopher”). Recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time. A key figure in the scientific revolution.
1644-1718 – William Penn – Quaker. Champion of democracy & religious freedom. Founded Pennsylvania. Signed peace with Indians.
1647-1706 – Pierre Bayle – Philosopher & writer. Best known for his seminal work the “Historical & Critical Dictionary” published beginning in 1697. Advocated the toleration of divergent beliefs.
1654-1725 – John Bellers – Education & peace theorist. Wrote “Some Reasons for an European State…” Bought land for Hugenots in America. Friend of William Penn.
1658-1743 – Abbé de Saint-Pierre – Writer & radical. One of the first to propose an international organisation for maintaining peace.
1673-1743 – Cornelius van Bynkershoek – Jurist & legal theorist. Contributed to international law, particularly Law of the Sea.
1691-1768 – Conrad Beissel – Charismatic religious leader. Came to America in 1720. Founded the Ephrata Community in Pennsylvania in 1732.
1694-1746 – Francis Hutcheson – Philosopher born in Ireland to a family of Scottish Presbyterians. A founding father of the Scottish Enlightenment.
1694-1778 – Voltaire (pen name of François-Marie Arouet de Voltaire) – Enlightenment philosopher & writer. Advocated civil liberties including freedom of religion & free trade.
1711-1776 – David Hume – Enlightenment philosopher, historian, economist & essayist. Empiricist. Wrote “A Treatise of Human Nature” in 1739.
1712-1778 – Jean Jacques Rousseau – Philosopher. For religious toleration. Influenced French & American Revolutions. Wrote “Emile” in 1762.
1713-1784 – Denis Diderot – Philosopher, art critic, writer & atheist. Prominent during the Enlightenment. Edited the Encyclopédie with Jean le Rond d’Alembert.
1714-1770 – George Whitefield – Popular Anglican minister. Helped spread the Great Awakening in Britain & America. A founder of Methodism.
1715-1779 – Israel Pemberton, Jr. – A founder of Friendly Association for Regaining & Preserving Peace with the Indians in 1756.
1720-1772 – John Woolman – Merchant, tailor, journalist, itinerant preacher & early abolitionist. Wrote “A Plea for the Poor” & “Some Considerations on the Keeping of Negroes”
1724-1804 – Immanuel Kant – Enlightenment philosopher. Wrote “Towards Perpetual Peace” in 1795.
1725-1807 – John Newton – Sailor & slave ship captain. Convert to evangelical Christianity. Clergyman. Renounced slavery. Wrote “Amazing Grace” in 1779.
1729-1797 – Edmund Burke. Statesman, author, orator, political theorist & philosopher. Statue in Washington, DC (USA).
1731-1809 – Benjamin Banneker – African-American surveyor & mathematician.
1733-1804 – Joseph Priestley – Minister & scientist. Discovered oxygen.
1735-1807 – Prince Hall – Abolitionist. Founder of “Black Freemasonry.”
1737-1809 – Thomas Paine – Wrote “Common Sense” in 1776 & “Rights of Man” in 1791.
1738-1794 – Cesare Beccaria – Criminologist, jurist, philosopher & politician. Best known for “On Crimes & Punishments” (1764) which condemned torture & the death penalty.
1738-1822 – Nancy Ward – Nanyehi in Cherokee. Sat in councils & made decisions, along with chiefs & other “Beloved Women.” Helped her people as peace negotiator & ambassador.
1741-1815 – John Murray – Founder of Universalism in America. Husband of Judith Sargent Murray (qv).
1743-1826 – Thomas Jefferson – Wrote the US Declaration of Independence in 1776. 3rd US president 1801-09.
1745-1813 – Benjamin Rush – Doctor. Proposed Department of Peace.
1745-1797 – Olaudah Equiano – Slave. Purchased own freedom. Author, merchant & explorer. Influenced Slave Trade Act of 1807.
1746-1818 – Absolom Jones – Abolitionist. First African American ordained in the Episcopal Church of the US. Purchased his own freedom.
1748-1832 – Jeremy Bentham – Theorist in Anglo-American philosophy of law. Influenced the development of welfarism. Body on display at Univ College London.
1751-1820 – Judith Sargent Stevens Murray. Wife of John Murray (qv).
1751-1836 – James Madison – Introduced the US Bill of Rights in 1789. 4th US president 1809-17.
1759-1805 – Friedrich Schiller – Poet. Wrote Ode to Joy (“All men will become brothers.”) – 4th movement of Beethoven’s 9th symphony – in 1785.
1759-1833 – William Wilberforce – MP & philanthropist. Evangelical Christian. Campaigned 26 years against slave trade until passage of Slave Trade Act of 1807.
1759-1797 – Mary Wollstonecraft – Wrote “A Vindication of the Rights of Woman” in 1792.
1760-1825 – Comte Henri de Saint-Simon – Socialist theorist. Wrote “On the Reorganizaiton of European Society” in 1814.
1760-1846 – Thomas Clarkson – Abolitionist. Helped found Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade in 1787.
1766-1844 – John Dalton – Scientist. Atomic theory & colour blindness pioneer. Where he taught is now part of Manchester Peace Garden.
1767-1843 – Sequoyah – Cherokee silversmith. His 1821 syllabary pioneered reading & writing a Native American language.
1769-1811 – William Emerson – Pastor. Founded Philosophical Society & Boston Athenaeum. Father of Ralph Waldo Emerson (qv).
1770-1843 – William Allen – Scientist & philanthropist. Opposed slavery. Engaged in schemes of social & penal improvement. Founded London Peace Society.
1771-1858 – Robert Owen – Reformer. Helped found New Lanark (Scotland) in 1786. Founded New Harmony, Indiana (USA) c.1824. Father of Robert Dale Owen (qv).
1774-1852 – David Low Dodge – Teacher & factory manager. Helped found world’s first peace society in New York in 1815.
1775-1863 – Lyman Beecher – Presbyterian. Co-founder of American Temperance Society. Father of many other peacemakers (qv).
1778-1841 – William Ladd – Early anti-war activist in Maine. Founded American Peace Society in 1828. Proposed Congress & Court of Nations in 1840. Called “Apostle of Peace.”
1780-1845 – Elizabeth Fry – Helped make treatment of prisoners more humane. Depicted on £5 note since 2002.
1780-1849 – Edward Hicks – Painted many versions of “Peaceable Kingdom.”
1781-1865 – Andrés Bello – Humanist, poet, legislator, philosopher, educator & philologist.
1781-1869 – Rebecca Gratz – Educator & philanthropist. Established Female Association for the Relief of Women & Children in 1801.
1782-1820 – Elihu Embree – Quaker minister. Worked in Jonesborough, Tennessee. Published first anti-slavery newspaper, the “Manumission Intelligencer.”
1782-1839 – Jean-Jaques de Sellon – Wealthy Geneva philanthropist. Ended death penalty. Built Temple of Friendship & Peace in 1820. Founded Société de la Paix de Genève in 1830.
1783-1835 – Obadiah Dogberry – Born Abner Cole. Newspaper editor & freethinker. Criticised the Book of Mormon even before it was published in 1830 by Joseph Smith.
1785-1830 – David Walker – Abolitionist. Wrote one of the first abilitionist texts (“To the Coloured Citizens of the World”) c.1829. Died in Boston “possibly assassinated by the slaveocracy.”
1786-1866 – Chief Seattle (Si’ahl) – Reputed for speech c.1854 advocating Native American rights & environmental values.
1787-1875 – Guillaume Henri Dufour – Army officer, engineer & topographer.
1789-1839 – Benjamin Lundy – Abolitionist. Established several anti-slavery newspapers. Started the abolutionist movement in 1815.
1793-1859 – Joseph Sturge – Abolitionist. Helped found Free Villages in Jamaica. Funded British & Foreign Anti-Slavery Society (now Anti-Slavery International).
1793-1880 – Lucretia Coffin Mott. – Abolitionist, social reformer & proponent of women’s rights.
1795-1852 – Frances (Fanny) Wright – Freethinker & abolitionist. Lover of LaFayette. Founded interracial commune of Nashoba in Tennessee (USA) in 1825.
1795-1857 – Joanna Vassa – Only surviving child of former slave & anti-slavery campaigner Olaudah Equiano (qv). Her grave rediscovered, but little is known of her life.
1795-1879 – Rowland Hill – Teacher, inventor & social reformer. Campaigned for postal system reform including penny postage & the postage stamp.
1795-1884 – Joshua Reed Giddings – Statesman from Ohio. Prominent opponent of slavery.
1796-1859 – Horace Mann – Advocate of educaton reform & women’s rights. First president of Antioch College.
1797-1856 – Heinrich Heine – Romantic poet. Wrote “Where they burn books, they will ultimately also burn people” in 1821.
1797-1874 – Gerrit Smith – Social reformer, staunch abolitionist, temperance campaigner, politician & philanthropist. Supported John Brown.
1797-1883 – Sojourner Truth – Abolitionist & women’s rights activist. Born into slavery. Delivered “Ain’t I a Woman?” speech in 1851.
1798-1874 – Josiah Warren – Inventor, musician & author. First American anarchist. Edited “The Peaceful Revolutionist” in 1833.
1799-1872 – Joseph Pease – Railway manager. First Quaker MP. President of the Peace Society 1860-1872.
1800-1859 – John Brown – Abolitionist. Led Pottawatomie Massacre & Harpers Ferry Raid. Called “misguided fanatic” by A.Lincoln. Executed
1800-1884 – Mary Ann McClintock – Women’s rights advocate. Attended Seneca Falls convention.
1800-1889 – Jane Hunt – Women’s rights advocate. Attended Seneca Falls convention.
1800-1889 – Erastus Hussey – Leading abolitionist. “Stationmaster” on Underground Railroad. A Republican Party founder.
1801-1876 – Samuel Gridley Howe – Educator of the blind. Husband of Julia Ward Howe (qv).
1801-1877 – Robert Dale Owen – Helped his father Robert Owen (qv) found New Harmony, Indiana. Editted the Free Enquirer (a socialistic & anti-Christian weekly) with Frances Wright (qv) 1828-32.
1801-1882 – George Perkins Marsh – Diplomat & philologist. Considered to be America’s first environmentalist. Spoke many languages. Minister to Italy for 21 years.
1802-1837 – Elijah P. Lovejoy – Presbyterian minister & journalist Edited abolitionist newspaper “Alton Observer.” Killed by pro-slavery mob.
1802-1880 – Lydia Maria Child – Abolitionist, women’s & Indian rights activist, novelist & journalist. Opposed male dominance & white supremacy. Wrote “Over the River and Through the Wood.”
1802-1885 – Victor Hugo. Poet, novelist & dramatist. One of the most well-known Romantic writers. Presided over 2nd International Peace Congress in 1849.
1802-1887 – Dorothea Dix – Activist on behalf of the indigent insane.
1802-1889 – Amy Post – Hicksite Quaker, freethinker & spiritualist. Active in abolition, woman suffrage & other causes. Co-founded Western NY Anti-Slavery Society in 1842.
1803-1844 – Flora Tristan – Socialist writer & activist. A founder of modern feminism. Grandmother of Paul Gauguin.
1803-1868 – Black Kettle – Leader of the Southern Cheyenne after 1854. A peacemaker who accepted treaties to protect his people. Survived the Sand Creek Massacre in 1864.
1803-1880 – Adin Ballou – Universalist then Unitarian minister, pacifist & socialist. Founded the Hopedale Community in 1842.
1803-1882 – Ralph Waldo Emerson – Lecturer, essayist & poet. Leader of Transcendentalist movement. Champion of individualism.
1804-1865 – Richard Cobden – Helped found Anti-Corn Law League.
1804-1878 – George Thompson – Abolitionist & civil rights advocate.
1804-1865 – William Gaskell – Education reformer. Husband of novelist Elizabeth Gaskell.
1805-1854 – Thomas Wilson Dorr – Governor of Rhode Island 1842-43. Best known for leading the “Dorr Rebellion” to achieve universal white male suffrage.
1805-1872 – Giuseppe Mazzini. Politician, journalist & activist for the unification of Italy. Called “The Beating Heart of Italy.”
1805-1879 – Angelina Grimké Weld – Abolitionist & suffragist.
1805-1879 – William Lloyd Garrison – Abolitionist. Helped found American Anti-Slavery Society in 1833 in Philadelphia.
1806-1873 – John Stuart Mill – Philosopher & proponent of utilitarianism. Contributed to social theory & political theory.
1806-1875 – Martha Coffin Wright. – Abolitionist & women’s rights advocate. Sister of Lucretia Coffin Mott.
1806-1885 – Maria Weston Chapman – Abolitionist. On exec cte of American Anti-Slavery Society. Editted anti-slavery journal “Non-Resistant” & The Liberty Bell. Married to Henry Grafton Chapman.
1809-1965 – Abraham Lincoln – 16th US president 1861-65. Led the USA through the Civil War. Preserved the Union while ending slavery.
1809-1882 – Charles Darwin – Naturalist. Famous for “theory” of evolution.” Published “On the Origin of Species” in 1859.
1810-1850 – Margaret Fuller Ossoli – Transcendentalist. Wrote Woman in the Nineteenth Century in 1845.
1810-1860 – Theodore Parker – Preacher, abolitionist & Transcendentalist. Supported John Brown (qv).
1810-1865 – Elizabeth Gaskell – Novelist & short story writer. Wrote about the lives of many strata of society, including the very poor.
1810-1874 – Tolbert Fanning – Preacher & pacifist. Opposed War with Mexico. Published Gospel Advocate. His views led to split between Church of Christ & Disciples of Christ in 1906.
1810-1879 – Elihu Burritt – Opposed slavery, worked for temperance & tried to achieve world peace. Burritt College named for him in Spencer, Tennessee, in 1848.
1810-1892 – Ernestine Louise Polowsky Rose – Feminist, freethinker & atheist. Intellectual force behind women’s rights movement.
1810-1898 – Robert Purvis – African-American abolitionist..
1811-1984 – Wendell Phillips – Abolitionist & advocate for Native Americans. Namesake of William Lloyd Garrison’s son. WEB DuBois spoke about Phillips at his HS graduation.
1811-1889 – John Bright – Helped found Anti-Corn Law League.
1811-1996 – Harriet Beecher Stowe – Abolitionist. Wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin in 1852. Sister of Henry Ward Beecher (qv).
1812-1888 – Henry Richard – Secretary of Peace Society 1848-1885. Called “The Apostle of Peace.” Wrote 600-page bio of Joseph Sturge (qv).
1813-1887 – Henry Ward Beecher – Clergyman, social reformer & abolitionist. Tried for adultery. “The Most Famous Man in America.”
1813-1887 – Johannes Ronge – Defrocked priest. Opposed antisemitism. Founded Freireligiöse / Freethinkers.
1814-1882 – Henry Whitney Bellows – Unitarian minister. Planner & only president of US Sanitary Commission 1861-1878.
1815-1874 – Charles Gilpin – Orator, politician & railway director. Published proceedings of 1848 & 1850 peace conferences.
1815-1902 – Elizabeth Cady Stanton – Suffragist. Presented “Declaration of Sentiments” to first women’s rights convention in 1848.
1815-1904 – Chief Tecopa “Peacemaker of the Paiutes”. State memorial at his gravesite in Pahrump Valley, Nevada.
1816-1884 – William Wells Brown – Abolitionist & writer. Former slave.
1816-1895 – Thomas Longmore – Army surgeon. Main promoter of the Geneva Convention & the Red Cross in Britain.
1817-1862 – Henry David Thoreau – Transcendentalist.
1817-1892 – Bahá’u’lláh – Founder of the Bahá’í Faith. Prophetic fulfilment of Bábism & eschatological expectations of Islam, Christianity & other religions.
1818-1882 – DeRobigne Mortimer Bennett – A Shaker for 13 years before evolving into a “freethinker.” Founded Truth Seeker (a radical freethought & newspaper) in 1873.
1818-1894 – Amelia Bloomer – Women’s rights & temperance advocate. Her name became associated with bloomers (“emancipation dress”) because of her early & strong advocacy.
1818-1895 – Frederick Douglass – Abolitionist. Former slave. Wrote “classic” autobiography in 1845.
1818-1898 – Louis Appia – Surgeon. Member of “Committee of Five” (precursor of Red Cross). Influenced Clara Barton. Proposed the Red Cross flag.
1818-1906 – Lucy N. Colman – Embraced abolition & woman’s rights. Arrested for selling a birth control tract. Renounced Christianity in 1852. Taught in a “colored school.”
1819-1897 – Julia Ward Howe – Abolitionist. Wrote “Battle Hymn of the Republic” 1862 & anti-war Mother’s Day Proclamation 1870. Wife of Samuel Gridley Howe (qv).
1820-1871 – Alice Cary – Sister of Phoebe Cary (qv). Poet. First president of Sorosis, 1st professional women’s club in USA. See Jane Cunningham Croly.
1820-1887 – Edward Douwes Dekker – Novelist known as Multatuli. Wrote Max Havelaar (1860) denouncing colonialism in Dutch East Indies.
1820-1906 – Susan B. Anthony – Suffragist. Pivotal role in women’s rights movement. Averaged 75-100 speeches per year.
1820-1910 – Florence Nightengale – Nurse. Dubbed “The Lady with the Lamp” during Crimean War.
1820-1913 – Harriet Tubman – African-American abolitionist & humanitarian. Helped run Underground Railroad.
1821-1900 – Charles De Berard Mills – Abolitionist. Wrote on Oriental thought including Buddhism. Father of Harriet May Mills (qv).
1821-1910 – Elizabeth Blackwell – First woman to receive medical degree in USA. First woman on UK Medical Register. Social & moral reformer in both countries.
1821-1912 – Clara Barton – Teacher, nurse & humanitarian. Organized American Red Cross in 1881.
1822-1896 – Thomas Hughes – Lawyer & author. Wrote “Tom Brown’s School Days” (1857). Founded Rugby, Tennessee, as a Utopian community in 1880.
1822-1903 – Fredrick Law Olmsted – Journalist & social critic. “Father of American landscape architecture.” Exec Sec of US Sanitary Commission.
1822-1907 – Baron de Staal – aka Georg Friedrich Karl von Staal. Head of Russian delegation & President of 1st Hague Peace Conference in 1899.
1822-1909 – Edward Everett Hale – Author, historian & Unitarian minister. Son of journalist Nathan Hale. Wrote “The Man Without a Country” in 1863.
1822-1909 – Mahpíya Luta (Red Coud) – A chief of the Oglala Lakota 1868-1909. Led Red Cloud’s War. Signed Treaty of Fort Laramie & led his people in transition to reservation life.
1822-1911 – Elizabeth Smith Miller – Activist & financial supporter of woman’s rights. Dress reformer. Invented skirt over pantaloons known as “bloomers.” Daughter of Gerrit Smith (qv).
1822-1912 – Frédéric Passy – Economist. Co-founded the Interparliamentary Union in 1889. 1901 with Henry Dunant
1823-1892 – Ernest Renan – Philosopher. Defined nationhood in 1882 (“avoir fait de grandes choses ensemble, vouloir en faire encore”).
1823-1911 – Thomas Wentworth Higginson – Minister, author & militant abolitionist. Colonel in 1st federal African-American regiment.
1823-1912 – Robert Collyer – Clergyman. Opposed slavery. Worked for US Sanitary Commission during Civil War.
1824-1864 – Thomas Starr King – Minister & orator. Helped keep California in USA. Helped organize US Sanitary Commission.
1824-1871 – Phoebe Cary – Sister of Alice Cary (qv). Poet & champion of women’s rights.
1824-1894 – Ranald MacDonald – Adventurer. First person to teach English in Japan.
1824-1899 – Ludwig Büchner – Philosopher, physiologist & physician. Founded Deutsche Freidenkerbund / German Freethinkers League in 1881.
1824-1907 – Hodgson Pratt – Pacifist. Founded the Intl Arbitration & Peace Association in 1880. Painted by ter Kate.
1825-1901 – Laura Matilda Towne – Abolitionist, educator & homeopathic physician. With Ellen Murray founded Penn School for freed slaves on St. Helena Island, SC, in 1862.
1826-1894 – John Bedford Leno – Chartist, radical, poet & printer. Leader of Reform League. Called “Burns of Labour” & “poet of the poor.”
1826-1898 – Matilda Joslyn Gage – Suffragist, Native American activist, abolitionist, freethinker & prolific author. “Born with a hatred of oppression.”
1826-1910 – Gustave Moynier – Jurist & social activist. Co-founded “International Committee for Relief to the Wounded.” Rival of Henry Dunant.
1828-1902 – Julian Pauncefote – Baron. Perm Under-Sec of State for Foreign Affairs 1882-89. Head of British delegation to 1st Hague Peace Conf in 1899.
1828-1907 – Costantino Nigra – Classical scholar. Made count in 1882 & senator in 1890. Served in Paris, St Petersburg, London & Vienna. Headed delegation at 1st Hague Peace Conf.
1828-1908 – William Randal Cremer – MP & pacifist. Co-founded the Interparliamentary Union in 1889.
1828-1910 – Henry Dunant – Businessman. Organized ICRC in 1863. Received first Nobel Peace Prize. Painted by ter Kate. 1901 with Frédéric Passy
1828-1910 – Leo Tolstoy – Novelist. Wrote “War & Peace” in 1869 & “Anna Karenina” in 1877. Helped Doukhobors move to Canada.
1828-1912 – Albert K. Smiley – Owner of Mohonk Mountain House in Lake Mohonk, New York. Hosted Conference on International Arbitration in 1895 & Peace Conference in 1912.
1829-1892 – Patrick Gilmore – Composer & bandmaster. Wrote “When Johnny Comes Marching Home.” Ran National Peace Jubilee in 1869 & World Peace Jubilee in 1872 (both in Boston).
1829-1901 – Jane Cunningham Croly – Born in England. Organized Sorosis, 1st professional women’s club in USA, New York City, 1868.
1829-1906 – Carl Christian Schurz – Statesman & reformer, Minister to Spain, etc. Said “My country, right or wrong; if right, to be kept right; and if wrong, to be set right.” Husband of Margareth Meyer-Schurz (qv).
1829-1912 – Auguste Beernaert – Attended Hague Peace Conferences in 1899 & 1907. Helped found Permanent Court of Arbitration.
1830-1885 – Helen Hunt Jackson – Poet & activist on behalf of Native Americans by the U.S. Wrote “A Century of Dishonor” (1881).
1830-1913 – Alfred H. Love – Universal Peace Union (UPU) in 1866 & headed it until his death.
1830-1913 – Lide Smith Meriwether – First generation feminist & social activist. Pres of Tennessee Woman’s Temperance Union 1884-97. Organized 1st Equal Rights Assn in Memphis in 1889.
1832-1896 – Charles B. Reynolds – Minister turned freethought lecturer. Best known being defended by Robert Green Ingersoll (qv) in an 1887 New Jersey blasphemy case.
1832-1907 – Moncure Daniel Conway – Abolitionist & author. Minister of South Place Ethical Society in London (England).
1832-1913 – Jacobus Catharinus Cornelis den Beer Poortugael – General & statesman. Authority on laws of war. Attended many conferences including 1st Hague Peace Conf in 1899.
1832-1918 – Andrew Dickson White – Diplomat, historian & educator. Co-founded Cornell University. Led US delegation to First Hague Peace Conference in 1899.
1833-1876 – Margarethe Meyer-Schurz – Opened the first German-language kindergarten in USA. Wife of Carl Schurz (qv).
1833-1896 – Alfred Nobel – Industrialist. Posthumously instituted the Nobel Prizes.
1833-1899 – Robert Green Ingersoll – Orator during “Golden Age of Freethought.” Noted for broad range of culture & defense of agnosticism.
1833-1906 – Elie Ducommun – Peace activists. First director of International Peace Bureau (IPB) in 1891. 1902 with Albert Gobat
1833-1917 – Felix Stone Moscheles – Peace activist. Painted H.Pratt & H.Dunant (qv). Pres of London Esperanto Club & Intl Arbitration & Peace Assn. He & wife Grete known as “The Grelixs.”
1833-1918 – Ernesto Teodoro Moneta – Journalist & pacifist. See statue in Milan (Italy). 1907 with Louis Renault
1833-1931 – Priscilla Peckover – Peace campaigner. Founded & financed “Peace & Goodwill” in 1882 & edited it for 50 years.
1835-1910 – Mark Twain. Born Samuel Clemens. Humorist. Author, orator & political satirist. “Father of American literature.”
1835-1919 – Andrew Carnegie – Peace philantrophist. Built Pan American Union, Washington, DC, 1910, & Peace Palace, The Hague, 1913.
1835-1926 – Olympia Brown – Suffragist. First ordained woman minister in USA (Universalist). Voted in 1920 at age 85.
1836-1902 – Jan Bloch – Banker. Wrote “La Guerre Future” in 1898. Opened world’s first peace museum in Lucerne (Switzerland) in 1902.
1836-1910 – Alexandre Ivanovitch de Nelidoff – Diplomat. Ambassador to France. President of 2nd Hague Peace Conference in 1907. Laid cornerstone of Peace Palace.
1836-1925 – Abraham Pieter Cornelis van Karnebeek, Sr. – Politician. Minister of Foreign Afs. Pres Carnegie Foundation 1904-1923. Honored by fountain near Peace Palace. Father of Herman.
1836-1926 – Joseph Rowntree – Chocolatier, businessman & philanthropist. Champion of social reform. Set up charitable trusts.
1837-1922 – Fredrik Bajer – A founder & 1st president of International Peace Bureau. 1908 with Klas Pontus Arnoldson
1837-1930 – Mary Harris “Mother” Jones – Labor & community organizer. Co-founded Industrial Workers of the World.
1838-1913 – Tobias M. C. Asser – Jurist. “Dutch Moses.” Created Permanent Court of Arbitration at 1st Hague Peace Conference in 1899. 1911 with Alfred Fried
1838-1914 – Edwin Ginn – Rich textbook publisher. Peace philantrophist. Established World Peace Foundation in 1910. Rival of Andrew Carnegie.
1838-1927 – Victoria Chaflin Woodull – Suffragist. Colorful & notorious symbol for women’s rights. Exposed Henry Ward Beecher (qv).
1839-1897 – Henry George – Economist & “single tax” theorist. Inspired communities like Arden, Delaware, & Fairhope, Alabama. Huge funeral in NY City.
1839-1903 – Eugenio Maria de Hostos – Puerto Rican educator, philosopher, lawyer, sociologist & independence advocate. Known as “Citizen of the Americas.”
1839-1917 – Emma Miller – Trade unionist, suffragist, freethinker & founder of the Australian Labor Party. Statue in Brisbane.
1840-1864 – Seth Laughlin – Refused Confederate military service during Civil War. Arrested, tortured & died in prison.
1840-1904 – Chief Joseph – Nez Perce leader. Renowned as a humanitarian & peacemaker for his principled resistance to Indian removal. Said “I will fight no more forever.”
1841-1907 – Edward VII – King of England. Called “Peacemaker” for fostering good relations w/France & other countries. Settled Argentina/Chile dispute in 1902.
1841-1932 – Ferdinand Buisson – Academic, pacifist & Socialist. Directed Human Rights League 1914-1926. 1927 with Ludwig Quidde
1842-1910 – Wlliam James – Psychologist & philosopher. Wrote about education, religious experience, mysticism & pragmatism.
1842-1921 – Henry Pettit – Architect. Designed peace flag used by American Peace Society & the Universal Peace Union.
1842-1932 – Anna Elizabeth Dickinson – Orator, abolitionist & suffragist. First woman to speak before the US Congress.
1843-1914 – Baroness Bertha von Suttner – Radical pacifist. First woman to receive Nobel Peace Prize. Wrote “Lay Down Your Arms!” in 1889.
1843-1914 – Albert Gobat – First secretary general of Interparliamentary Union. 1902 with Élie Ducommun
1843-1918 – Louis Renault – Jurist & educator. Famous international arbitrator. 1907 with Ernesto Teodoro Moneta.
1843-1918 – Jenkin Lloyd Jones – Organized 1st Parliament of the World’s Religions (Chicago 1893) & Abraham Lincoln Centre (1905).
1844-1916 – Klas Pontus Arnoldson – Author, politician & pacifist. First head of Swedish Peace & Arbitration Society in 1883. 1908 w/Fredric Bajer
1844-1920 – May Wright Sewell – Teacher, suffrigist & art patron. Chair of International Council of Women. Proposed “Peace Day.” Lived in Indianapolis.
1844-1931 – John W. Burgess – Pioneering political scientist. Studied in Germany. Law professor at Columbia University. Helped found first PhD program in USA.
1845-1909 – Feodor Martens – Diplomat & jurist. Represented Russia at the Hague Peace Conferences in 1899 & 1907 (during which he drafted the Martens Clause).
1845-1927 – William O. McDowell – Financier. Founded SAR in 1889. Initiated Columbian Liberty Bell in 1893. Nobel Peace Prize nominee in 1913.
1845-1937 – Elihu Root – Senator from New York. Prototype of the 20th century “wise man.” President of Carnegie Endowment for Intl Peace 1910-1925.
1846-1919 – Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis – Lutheran preacher who lost his faith, then started a political fight for workers. First socialist in Dutch parliament.
1846-1936 – Charles C. Glover. Financier & philanthropist. Built house in Washington, DC, which became headquarters of American Peace Society 1911-1948.
1847-1898 – Christoph Moritz von Egidy – Prussian officer, pacifist, Christian reformer & moral philosopher. Wrote “I Have Dared It.” Memorial in Potsdam.
1847-1916 – Benjamin Franklin Trueblood – Gen. Sec. of American Peace Society 1892-1915. Wrote The Federation of the World in 1899.
1847-1919 – Anna Howard Shaw – Physician. Leader of suffrage movement & League to Enforce Peace. First female Methodist minister in USA.
1847-1929 – Dame Milicent Fawcett – Suffragist & early feminist. Worked with Emily Hobhouse (qv).
1847-1934 – Kate Sheppard – Most prominent member of suffrage movement in New Zealand (first country to introduce universal suffrage).
1848-1887 – Albert Parsons – Labor leader. Hanged after the Haymarket Riot (Chicago 1886). Husband of Lucy González Parsons (qv).
1849-1912 – William Thomas Stead – Journalist. Same peace monument in London (Victoria Embankment) & New York City (Central Park). Died on Titanic.
1849-1914 – Jacob Riis – Reporter, photographer & reformer. Exposed substandard housing in NYC slums. Wrote “How the Other Half Lives” in 1890.
1849-1923 – Rui Barbosa – Senator, Minister of Finance & diplomat. Earned the nickname “Eagle of The Hague” at the 2nd Hague Peace Conference in 1899.
1849-1935 – Bernard Loder – Jurist. On Dutch Supreme Court 1908-1921. First president of Permanent Court of International Justice 1921-1924
1849-1937 – Edwin D. Mead – Reformer. Leader of World Peace Found, Intl Peace Bureau, School Peace League & Amer Peace League. Married to Lucia Ames Mead (qv).
1850-1898 – Edward Bellamy – Author & socialist. Most famous for utopian novel “Looking Backward” set in distant future of 2000. Inspired over 160 “Nationalist Clubs.”
1850-1924 – Samuel Gompers – Cigar maker. Founded American Federation of Labor (AFofL) & its president 1886-1894 & 1895-1924.
1850-1935 – Charles Richet – Physiologist. Received 1913 Nobel Prize for his work on anaphylaxis. Wrote book on history of the peace movement.
1850-1937 – Johanna Waszklewicz-van Schilfgaarde – Baroness. Peace organizer. Founded Alliance of Women for Peace in 1899. “Pupil” of Bertha von Suttner. Spent last 35 years in Rome.
1851-1925 – Léon Bourgeois – Statesman. President of the Council of the League of Nations after WW-I.
1851-1926 – Lizzie Crozier French – Suffragist in Tennessee (last state to ratify 19th Amendment in 1920).
1851-1929 – Theodore E. Burton – Congressman. President of American Peace Society. Hosted 13,000 at First World Conference on International Justice in Cleveland in 1928.
1851-1931 – David Starr Jordan – Scientist & eugenicist. President of Indiana Univ., Stanford Univ. & World Peace Foundation (1909-11). VP of World Peace Conference (1913).
1851-1933 – Felix Adler – Professor of political & social ethics, rationalist, popular lecturer, religious leader & social reformer. Founded Ethical Culture movement in 1877.
1851-1939 – Henry Stephens Salt – Writer & campaigner for prison, schools, economic, & animal treatment reform. Introduced Mahatma Gandhi to works of Henry David Thoreau.
1852-1924 – Paul Henri d’Estournelles de Constant – Diplomat & politician. Advocate of international arbitration.
1853-1895 – José Martí – Poet, essayist, journalist, revolutionary philosopher, professor, publisher & political theorist. “Apostle of Cuban Independence.” Warned of US expansionism into Cuba.
1853-1920 – Heinrich Lammasch – Scholar, publicist & diplomat. Professor of penal & intl law. Last PM of imperial Austria. Strongly linked to peace movement.
1853-1942 – Lucy González Parsons – Labor leader. Probably born a slave. Outlived husband Albert Parsons (qv) by 55 years.
1854-1929 – Aletta Jacobs – Organized Women’s Peace Congress in 1915. Helped found Women’s International League for Peace & Freedom.
1854-1938 – Bolton Hall – Lawyer, author & activist. Worked on behalf of the poor. “Father of back to the land movement.” Founded Free Acres in 1910.
1854-1943 – Henri La Fontaine – International lawyer. President of International Peace Bureau 1907-1943. Founded Mundaneum with Paul Otlet.
1855-1909 – Eugene M. MacDonald – Journalist & freethinker. Editted Truth Seeker (a radical freethought & newspaper) 1882-1909.
1855-1926 – Eugene V. Debs – Socialist. Repeated presidential candidate. Co-founded Industrial Workers of the World.
1855-1944 – Fannie Barrier Williams – Addressed Parliament of the World’s Religions in 1893 about the “Colored Race.”
1855-1947 – Richard Robert Wright – Army officer, college pres, banker & civil rights advocate. Born a slave. Created National Freedom Day.
1856-1915 – Keir Hardie – A primary founder of the Independent Labour Party as well as the Labour Party.
1856-1915 – Booker T. Washington – Educator, author, orator & political leader. Headed Tuskeegee Institute from 1881. First black invited to White House.
1856-1919 – L. Frank Baum – Children’s books author known for “The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.” Son-in-law of Matilda Joslyn Gage (qv).
1856-1924 – Woodrow Wilson – US President 1913-21. Helped found the League of Nations in 1919.
1856-1936 – Lucia Ames Mead – Reformer. Leader of Woman’s Peace Party, Nat Council for Prevention of War, Nat Council of Women & WILPF. Married to Edwin D. Mead (qv).
1856-1937 – Frank Billings Kellogg – US Secretary of State 1925-29. Co-authored Kellogg-Briand Pact in 1928.
1856-1940 – Harriot Stanton Blatch – Suffragist. Daughter of Elizabeth Cady Stanton (qv).
1856-1950 – George Bernard Shaw – Playwright, ardent socialist & co-founder of London School of Economics. Angered by exploitation of the working class. Wrote brochures for Fabian Society.
1856-1963 – Arthur Judson Brown – Presbyterian clergyman, missionary & prolific author. Attended world conferences in 1910 & 1925. Died at age 106.
1857-1892 – Ueki Emori – Part of Freedom & People’s Rights Movement. Honored at Kyoto Museum for World Peace.
1857-1903 – Frederick Holls – Diplomat. Convinced Pres McKinley to attend 1st Hague Peace Conf in 1899. “Father of the Permanent Court of Arbitration.”
1857-1929 – Theodore Veblen – Economist & sociologist. Leader of institutional economics movement. Wrote “The Theory of the Leisure Class” (1899).
1857-1930 – William Howard Taft – US President 1909-13. Founded League to Enforce Peace. Wrote “The US & Peace” in 1914.
1857-1935 – Frank A.Miller – Founded Mission Inn in Riverside, California, & World Affairs Council of Inland Southern California. Honored by peace tower.
1857-1936 – Harriet May Mills – Led suffrage campaigns in California, Michigan, Ohio, etc. Daughter of Charles De Berard Mills (qv) & Harriett Smith Mills. Never married.
1857-1937 – George E. MacDonald – Journalist & freethinker. Editted Truth Seeker (a radical freethought & newspaper) 1909-1937.
1857-1938 – Clarence Darrow – Lawyer. Leader of American Civil Liberties Union. Defended Leopold & Loeb in 1924 & John Scopes in 1925.
1857-1941 – Robert Baden-Powell – Army officer. Founded the Scout Movement in 1907.
1857-1942 – Charles M. Sheldon – Congregational minister. Leader of Social Gospel Movement. Introduced “What Would Jesus Do?” (WWJD).
1857-1943 – Anita Augspurg – Lawyer, actor & feminist. Germany’s 1st female jurist. Partner of Lida Gustava Heymann (qv). At Intl Women’s Conf for Peace & Freedom (1915).
1857-1944 – Ida Tarbell – Teacher, author, journalist & muckraker of the Progressive Era. Exposed monopolist John D. Rockefeller, Snr.
1857-1949 – S. S. McClure – Publisher. Investigative or muckraking journalist. Co-founded & ran McClure’s Magazine 1893-1911.
1858-1919 – Theodore Roosevelt — US president 1901-09. Received Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating end to Russo-Japanese War.
1858-1919 – Rachel Foster Avery – Suffragist. Organized the International Council of Women in 1888.
1858-1927 – K’ang Yu-wei – Prominent political thinker & reformer of the late Qing Dynasty. Wrote Da Tong shu/Book of Great Unity.
1858-1928 – Emmeline Goulden Pankhurst – Suffragist. “One of 100 Most Important People of 20th Century.” Mother of Christabel, Sylvia & Adele (qv).
1858-1941 – Ludwig Quidde – Pacifist. Opposed German militarism from Emperor Wilhelm II to Hitler. 1927 with Ferdnand Buisson
1858-1942 – George Mathias Paraf-Javai – Intransigent individualist. Founded Ligue Antimilitariste. Wrote “Les faux droits de l’homme et les vrais” in 1907.
1858-1943 – Beatrice Webb – Economist & social reformer. Co-founded London School of Economics. Coined “collective bargaining.” Wife of Sidney Webb (qv).
1858-1946 – James William van Kirk – Minister from Youngstown, Ohio. Designed a peace flag with rainbow stripes, stars & globe. Twice made a peace tour of Europe.
1859-1914 – Jean Jaurès – Pacifist & Socialist deputy. Defender of Alfred Dreyfus. Assassinated in a Parisian café at outbreak of World War-I.
1859-1917 – Ludwik Lazarus Zamenhof – Creator of Esperanto, the most successful constructed language designed for international communication.
1859-1940 – George Lansbury – Politician, socialist, Christian pacifist & newspaper editor. Called “Public Pacifist Number One.”
1859-1947 – Sidney Webb – Socialist, economist & reformer. With George Bernard Shaw made the Fabian Society pre-eminent. Husband of Beatrice Webb (qv).
1859-1947 – Carrie Chapman Catt – Suffragist & peace activist. Founded League of Women Voters & International Alliance of Women.
1859-1952 – John Dewey – Philosopher, psychologist, educational reformer & atheist. Influenced education & social reform.
1859-1953 – Frank Stephens – Sculptor & political activist. Co-founded Arden, a utopian single-tax community near Wilmington, Delaware.
1860-1922 – Margarethe Lenore Selenka – Zoologist, anthropologist, feminist, peace activist & pacifist. One of the first female scientists whose work was widely recognized.
1860-1925 – Hjalmar Branting – Branting Monument in Stockholm (Sweden). 1921 with Christian Lange
1860-1926 – Emily Hobhouse – Sister of Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse. Worked with Dame Milicent Fawcett.
1860-1927 – Juliette Gordon Low – Youth leader. Knew Robert Baden-Powell in England (qv). Founded Girl Scouts of the USA in 1912.
1860-1927 – J.G.D. Wateler – Banker. Bequeathed his estate to found Wateler Peace Prize awarded by Dutch Carnegie Foundation & renamed Carnegie-Wateler Prize.
1860-1935 – Jane Addams – Pioneer settlement worker. Founded Hull House & WILPF. 1931 with Nicholas Murray Butler
1860-1935 – Charlotte Perkins Gilman – Sociologist, writer, utopian feminist & advocate of euthanasia. “Chose chloroform over cancer” for herself.
1860-1945 – Sidney Gulick – Missionary. Caused US & Japan to exchange dolls.
1861-1916 – Will Price – Architect. Co-founded two utopian communities: Arden near Wilmington, DE, & Rose Valley near Philadelphia, PA.
1861-1930 – Fridtjof Nansen – Athelete, explorer, zoologist, diplomat & humanitarian. League of Nations High Commissioner for Refugees 1921. Nobel Peace Prize.
1861-1941 – Rabindranath Tagore – Bengali polymath. Reshaped literature & music. First non-European to win Nobel Prize in Literature.
1862-1931 – Ida Bell Wells-Barnett – Journalist & anti-lynching activist. Edited “Memphis Free Speech.” A founder of the NAACP in 1909.
1862-1932 – Aristide Briand – Co-authored the Kellogg-Briand Pact in 1928. 1926 with Gustav Stresemann
1862-1947 – Nicholas Murray Butler – Diplomat & educator. President Carnegie Endowment for Intl Peace. 1931 with Jane Addams
1862-1951 – Ella Reeve “Mother” Bloor – Labor organizer & long-time activist in the socialist & communist movements.
1862-1955 – Zonia Baber – Geographer, geologist & teacher. Mapped peace monuments. Wrote “Peace Symbols” for WILPF. Lifelong association w/Flora Juliette Cooke.
1863-1902 – Swami Vivekananda – Introduced Hinduism at the Parliament of the World’s Religions at Chicago (USA) in 1893.
1863-1927 – Shiga Shigetaka – Widely traveled geographer & internationalist. Popularized the Japanese landscape.
1863-1930 – Edward W. Bok -Edited Ladies Home Journal. Pulitzer Prize. Created Amer Peace Award. Built Bok Tower w/peace symbols Florida.
1863-1935 – Arthur Henderson – Held many politcal offices. Chaired the Geneva Disarmament Conference in 1932-34.
1863-1937 – Sir Austen Chamberlain – Architect of Locarno Treaties to preserve peace after WW-I. 1925 with Charles G. Dawes
1863-1937 – Pierre de Coubertin – Pedagogue & historian. Founded International Olympic Committee. Father of modern Olympic Games.
1863-1944 – Victor Basch – Professor & Zionist. President of Ligue des droits de l’homme 1926-1944. Assassinated by antisemitic Vichy French Milice Française. Wife also killed.
1863-1947 – Mary Emma Woolley – Peace activist & suffragist. First female student at Brown Univ. Pres of Mount Holyoke College.
1863-1947 – Henry Ford – Famous industrialist. Chartered “Peace Ship” (Dec. 1915-Jan. 1916) to end World War I.
1863-1950 – Black Elk – Oglala Lakota religious leader. Became a Christian & shared his faith with other tribes. Published his visions & tribal lore.
1863-1952 – George Santayama – Writer. Best known for “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.”
1864-1921 – Émile Arnaud – Lawyer, notary & writer. Proposed the term “pacifism’ in 1901 to summarize the peace movement in general.
1864-1921 – Alfred Hermann Fried – Pacifist, publicist & journalist. Co-founded German peace movement. 1911 with Tobias Asser
1864-1922 – Nellie Bly – Pen name of journalist & charity worker Elizabeth Jane Cochrane. Faked insanity to study mental institutions. Made record-breaking trip around the world.
1864-1929 – Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse. Liberal politician. Brother of Emily Hobhouse (qv).
1864-1952 – Frances Benjamin Johnson – Photographer & photojournalist. Exhibited in Paris at the Exposé nègre of the Exposition Universelle in 1900.
1864-1958 – Robert Cecil – Lawyer, politician & diplomat. Architect of the League of Nations in 1919.
1865-1915 – Edith Cavell – Nurse. Executed in Belgium for allowing German prisoners to escape.
1865-1931 – Othilie Tonning – Social activist. Oslo town councillor. Her work in slums led to 70 institutions managed by the Salvation Army.
1865-1936 – Minnie J. Reynolds – Newspaper reporter & women’s rights activist. Helped pass woman’s suffrage in Colorado in 1893.
1865-1945 – Monsignor John A. Ryan – Catholic theologian. Promoted “social justice”.
1865-1951 – Charles G. Dawes. Dawes house in Evanston, Illinois (USA). 1925 with Sir Austen Chamberlain
1865-1955 – John Raleigh Mott – Leader of YMCA & World Student Christian Federation. CPU in 1914. 1946 with Emily Greene Balch
1865-1959 – Laurence Housman – “Grand Old Man of the pacifist movement.” Opened Housmans Bookshop in 1945 in London.
1866-1919 – Alice Wheeldon – Suffragist & anti-war campaigner. Falsely convicted in 1917 of conspiracy to murder Prime Minister David Lloyd George.
1866-1931 – Nathan Soderblom – Archbishop of Uppsala. Hosted Universal Christian Conference on Life & Work in 1925.
1866-1936 – Lincoln Steffens – Journalist. Investigated municipal corruption. Wrote articles in McClure’s later published as “The Shame of the Cities.”
1866-1944 – Romain Rolland – Dramatist, novelist, essayist & mystic. Received Nobel Prize for Literature.
1866-1946 – H. G. Wells – Prolific writer & outspoken socialist. Wrote “In the Fourth Year” in 1918 proposing a United States of Europe.
1866-1957 – James P. Warbasse – Surgeon. Founded & directed the Cooperative League of the USA 1916-1941.
1867-1919 – Kurt Eisner – Politician & journalist. Declared Bavaria a free state & republic in 1918. Blamed Prussia for bringing about World War I.
1867-1922 – Walther Rathenau – Industrialist & statesman. Foreign Minister during Weimar Republic. Assassinated two months after signing Treaty of Rapallo.
1867-1936 – Finley Peter Dunne – Humorist. Created Mr. Dooley who expounded upon political & social issues from his South Side Chicago Irish pub. Published “Mr. Dooley in Peace & War” (1898).
1867-1944 – Isaac Newton Phelps Stokes – Architect. Housing reformer. Wrote NYC Tenement House Law (1901) & 6-volume “Iconography of Manhattan Island” (1915-1928).
1867-1945 – Käthe Schmidt Kollwitz – Painter & sculptor of victims of poverty, hunger & war. Three museums in Germany. Son buried in Belgium.
1867-1950 – Fanny Fern Andrews – Advocate of peace education. Founded Am Peace League in 1908. Attended Paris Peace Conf in 1919. Advised Inst of Intl Ed & Intl Peace Bureau.
1867-1954 – William Pierson Merrill – Presbyterian minister. First president of Church Peace Union in 1914.
1867-1961 – Emily Greene Balch – Academic, writer & pacifist. Supported League of Nations. 1946 with John Raleigh Mott
1868-1918 – Nicolas II – Tsar (emperor) of Russia. In 1998 proposed a conference on peace & disarmament, leading to the First Hague Peace Conference in 1899.
1868-1942 – Paul Percy Harris – Attorney. Founded Rotary International in 1905. Planted Friendship Trees in nearly 50 cities worldwide.
1868-1943 – Lida Gustava Heymann – Prominent in bourgeois women’s movement. Partner of Anita Augspurg (qv). Attended Intl Women’s Conf for Peace & Freedom in 1915.
1868-1944 – Paul Otlet – Author, entrepreneur, visionary, lawyer & peace activist. “Father of information science.” Wrote “La Fin de la Guerre” in 1914.
1868-1945 – Yorozu Oda – Lawyer, academic & judge. Appointed in 1921 to Permanent Court of International Justice, where he heard 30 cases, dissenting from main judgment only once.
1868-1947 – Anna B. Eckstein – Teacher. At peace conferences. Born & died in Germany. Called “Champion of World Peace” & “Co-Founder of the League of Nations.”
1868-1951 – Émile-Auguste Chartier (Alain) – Philosopher, journalist & pacifist.
1868-1960 – C. Judson Herrick – Biologist & humanist.
1868-1963 – W.E.B. DuBois – Civil rights activist, sociologist, historian, author & editor. Taught in Wilberfore, Ohio. Organized 1st Pan-African Congress in 1919.
1869-1923 – Claude Kitchin – US Congressman. Amassed 50 votes against US entry into WW-I including Jeannette Rankin [qv].
1869-1928 – William (Big Bill) Haywood – Labor organizer. Led strikes. Co-founded Industrial Workers of the World. Fled to Soviet Union in 1921.
1869-1938 – Christian Lange – Historian & political scientist. Foremost exponent of internationalism. 1921 with Hjalmar Branting
1869-1940 – Emma Goldman – Anarchist, writer & renowned lecturer. Created “Mother Earth” magazaine in 1906.
1869-1948 – Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi – “The Great Soul.” Leader of Indian independence movement. Pioneer of satyagraha.
1869-1956 – Louis Raemaekers – Artist. Drew the horrors of war. “The supreme cartoonist of WW-I.” Widely published.
1869-1970 – Alice Hamilton – Peace activist & first woman on faculty of Harvard Medical School. See Jane Addams.
1870-1919 – John Mitchell – US labor leader & president of the United Mine Workers of America (UMW) from 1898 to 1908.
1870-1926 – Hendrik Coenraad Dresselhuys – Politician. Chaired Nederlandsche Anti-Oorlog Raad (NAOR) & tried to stop WW-I.
1870-1938 – Ernst Barlach – Pacifist after WW-I. Made anti-war sculptures including Güstrower Ehrenmal & Magdeburger Ehrenmal. Most confiscated by Nazis as degenerate art.
1870-1952 – Maria Montessori – Physician, educator & humanitarian. Created the Montessori system of education.
1870-1957 – Arthur F. Bentley – Political scientist & philosopher. Contributed to the development of a behavioral methodology of political science.
1870-1965 – Bernard Baruch – Financier, philanthropist & statesman. Adviser to US presidents Woodrow Wilson & Franklin D. Roosevelt.
1871-1919 – Rosa Luxemburg – Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist & revolutionary socialist.
1871-1944 – Tsunesaburo Makiguchi – Educator. Founded Soka Gakkai in 1930. Opposed Japanese militarism in WW-II.
1871-1945 – Hermann Kallenbach – Architect & Zionist. Had intimate & long lasting friendship Mahatma Gandhi starting in South Africa.
1871-1949 – Lou Tseng-Tsiang – Diplomat & Roman Catholic monk. Twice premier of Republic of China. Led Chinese delegation to Paris Peace Conf of 1919.
1871-1955 – Cordell Hull – Longest serving US Secretary of State. “Father of the United Nations” (per FDR).
1872-1934 – Blaise Diagne – First black African in French National Assembly. Mayor of Dakar. Helped W.E.B DuBois w/1st Pan-African Congress in 1919.
1872-1949 – Oswald Garrison Villard – Journalist. Pacfist. Wealthy. A founder of the American Anti-Imperialist League.
1872-1950 – Leon Blum – Socialist theoretician. Three times prime minister of France.
1872-1951 – Hamilton Holt – Editor. CPU & LEP in 1914. President of Rollins College. Built anti-war monument on campus in 1938.
1872-1967 – Sir Norman Angell – Helped found Union of Democratic Control in 1914.
1872-1970 – Bertrand Russell – Philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian & social critic.
1873-1945 – Alfred Salter – Doctor & Labour MP. Opposed RAF bombing. Wrote “The Religion of a CO.” Statue on bench in Bermondsey.
1873-1954 – Gertrud Baumer – Politician who actively participated in the Feminist movement. Reichstag member 1919-1932.
1874-1936 – Karl Kraus – Writer, journalist, playwright & poet. Foremost satirist. Wrote witty criticism of the press, German culture & politics.
1874-1940 – Lewis Wickes Hine – Sociologist. Used camera as a tool for social reform. Helped change US child labor laws.
1874-1942 – Herman Adriaan van Karnebeek, Jr. – Politician. Minister of Foreign Afs 1918-27. President League of Nations 1921-22. Pres Carnegie Foundation 1935-42.
1874-1942 – Shaver Woodsworth – Methodist minister. Pacifist. Pioneer in the Canadian social democratic movement.
1874-1947 – Nicholas Roerich – Artist, mystic, philosopher, scientist, writer, traveler & public figure. Created Banner of Peace.
1874-1952 – Harold L. Ickes – Headed Chicago NAACP. Secretary of the Interior 1933-46. Implemented ‘New Deal.’ Caused Marian Anderson to sing at Lincoln Memorial.
1874-1960 – John D. Rockefeller Jr. – Philanthropist. Pivotal member of Rockefeller family. Paid $8.5 million for land on which UN Headquarters were constructed in New York City.
1874-1964 – Herbert Hoover – Mining engineer. Chaired Commission for Relief in Belgium 1914-19. Fought Flood of 1927. US president 1929-33.
1874-1970 – Frederick J. Libby – Minister & AFSC official. Founded National Council for Prevention of War in 1921. Wrote “War on War” (1922). Husband of Faith Ward Libby.
1875-1908 – Albert Libertad – Individualist anarchist militant & writer. Edited the influential anarchist publication l’Anarchie.
1875-1944 – Lola Maverick Lloyd – Friend of Rosika Schwimmer (qv). Mother of Georgia Lloyd (qv).
1875-1955 – Mary McLeod Bethune – Educator & civil rights leader. Started what became Bethune-Cookman Univ. Advised FDR.
1875-1955 – Jessie Wallace Hughan – Educator, socialist activist & radical pacifist. Co-founder of Alpha Omicron Pi. A founder & 1st secretary of War Resisters League.
1875-1955 – Thomas Mann – Novelist, short story writer, social critic, philanthropist & essayist.
1875-1956 – Anton J. Carlson – Physiologist.
1875-1965 – Albert Schweitzer – Theologian, organist & physician. Missionary in Africa. Promoted “Reverance for Life.”
1876-1928 – Eglantyne Jebb – Social reformer. Founded Save the Children in 1919.
1876-1956 – Maude Royden. Founded the Society for the Ministry of Women.
1876-1958 – Mary Ritter Beard – Historian & suffragist. Friend of Rosika Schwimmer (qv).
1877-1933 – Henry Hodgkin – Co-founded Fellowship of Reconciliation (England) in 1914. First director of Pendle Hill (USA) in 1930.
1877-1948 – Kate Richards O’Hare – Socialist. Anti-war activist during World War I.
1877-1948 – Rosika Schwimmer – World federalistst. Born in Hungary and lived in USA but became stateless.
1877-1949 – Peter Maurin – Co-founded Catholic Worker Movement with Dorothy Day (qv). Played by Martin Sheen in “Entertaining Angels.”
1877-1964 – Jeanne Melin – Pacifist. Worked for peace & women’s rights. “Conferenciere remarquable, organisatrice infatigable.”
1877-1968 – Oscar Riddle – Biologist. Devout atheist. Convinced that religion is a serious threat to scientific advancement.
1878-1916 – Francis Sheehy-Skeffington – Suffragist, pacifist & writer.
1878-1919 – Charles John Cobb – Conscientious objector. Imprisoned five times between 1916 & 1919.
1878-1929 – Gustav Stresemann – Liberal politician. Chancellor & Foreign Minister during Weimar Republic. 1926 with Aristide Briand
1878-1929 – Kästle, Klaus (20xx & ongoing), One World – Nations Online.
1878-1942 – Janusz Korczak – Doctor & educator. Acccompanied Jewish orphans to Treblinka where he was murdered. Monument at Yad Vashem.
1878-1959 – Carlos Saavedra Lamas – Academic & politician. First Latin American to receive Nobel Peace Prize. 1936
1878-1965 – Martin Buber – Philosopher. Best known for the I-Thou & I-It distinctions. Moved to Israel.
1878-1968 – Upton Beall Sinclair, Jr. – “Muckraker” & politician. Wrote “The Jungle” in 1906. Had Helicon Home Colony in 1906. Ran for governor of California in 1934.
1878-1975 – Arthur Ernest Morgan – Civil engineer. Headed Antioch College 1920-36, TVA 1933-38 & intentional communities 1948. Recruited CO’s for Celo Community.
1879-1915 – Joe Hill – Labor activist (Industrial Workers of the World) & songwriter. Wrote “There’ll be Pie in the Sky By-and-By.” Executed after mysterious trial.
1879-1917 – Frank Little – Labor activist (Industrial Workers of the World). Lynched in Butte, Montana.
1879-1945 – Pierre Creesole – Engineer. Founded Service Civil International or International Voluntary Service for Peace (IVSP) in 1920.
1879-1951 – Ralph Eugene Diffendorfer – Clergyman. Secretary of Methodist Young People’s Missionary Movement. Helped design & promote the Christian flag.
1879-1954 – Leon Jouhaux – Trade union leader. Helped set up International Labour Organization (ILO).
1879-1955 – Albert Einstein – Physicist. Opposed WW-I. Did peace work in 1930s. Issued Russell-Einstein Manifesto in 1955.
1879-1958 – Lionel Charlton – Air Commodore in Royal Air Force (RAF). Objected to bombing of Iraqi villages in 1923.
1879-1964 – John Haynes Holmes – Minister & social activist. Declared Gandhi “The Greatest Man in the World” in April 1921.
1879-1966 – Margaret Sanger – Suffrigist. Coined “birth control” in 1914. Founded American Birth Control League in 1921.
1879-1968 – Otto Hahn – Chemist & Nobel laureate. Pioneer in radioactivity & radiochemistry. “The father of nuclear chemistry.” Campained against nuclear weapons.
1879-1966 – Lucy Burns – Suffragist & women’s rights advocate in USA & UK. Close friend of Alice Paul (qv) with whom she founded the National Woman’s Party (NWP).
1880-1937 – Richard (Dick) Shepard – Vicar of St Martin-in-the-Fields. Helped found Peace Pledge Union in 1934 & Euthanasia Society in 1935.
1880-1958 – Christabel Pankhurst – Daughter of Emmeline Goulden Pankhurst (qv). Suffragist. Buried in California.
1880-1971 – Lord Boyd Orr – Teacher, doctor, biologist & politician. 1st Director-General of UN Food & Agriculture Organization.
1880-1973 – Jeannette Rankin – Pacifist. First woman in US Congress. Voted against US entry into World Wars I and II. Statues in MT & DC.
1881-1920 – Hans Paasche – Navy officer, politician, big game hunter & “combative pacifist.” Attempted to change the Prussian Deutschland-über-alles military mindset.
1881-1928 – Crystal Eastman – Co-founded Women’s Peace Party in 1915 & American Civil Liberties Union in 1920.
1881-1940 – Smedley Butler – General. Most decorated Marine in US history. Outspoken critic of US militarism. Wrote “War is a Racket” in 1935.
1881-1942 – Stefan Zweig – Novelist, playwright, journalist & biographer. One of the most famous writers in the world. Left Austria 1934. Arrived Brazil 1940. Suicide.
1881-1942 – Titus Brandsma – Catholic priest & philosophy professor. “Apostle of Peace.” Vehemently opposed Nazi ideology. Killed at Dachau.
1881-1953 – Lewis Fry Richardson – Scientist & pacifist. Used math to improve weather forecasting & to determine the causes of war.
1881-1963 – Pope John XXIII – Author of the encyclical Pacem in Terris in 1963.
1881-1965 – Willhelm Lamszus – Teacher. Wrote novel “The Human Slaughterhouse – Pictures of the Coming War” in 1912 anticipating horrors of WW-I.
1882-1944 – Arthur Stanley Eddington – Astrophysicist. Conscientious objector during WW-I. Validated Einstein’s Theory of Relativity.
1882-1945 – Franklin Delano Roosevelt – Also known as FDR. 32nd President of USA 1933–1945. Husband of Eleanor Roosevelt (qv).
1882-1950 – John Rabe – Businessman. Tried to stop Japanese atrocities during the Nanking Massacre. “The Good Nazi.”
1882-1953 – Wilbur Kelsey Thomas – Pacifist. Exec Sec American Friends Service Committee 1918-29. Director Carl Schurz Memorial Foundation 1930-46.
1882-1960 – Sylvia Pankhurst – Daughter of Emmeline Goulden Pankhurst (qv). Suffragist. Communist, then devoted to anti-fascism. Buried in Ethiopia.
1882-1965 – Alice Herz – Peace activist. Fled Germany in 1933. Immolated herself in Detroit to protest Vietnam War. Mother of Helga Herz (qv).
1882-1967 – Greenville Clark – Wrote “World Peace Through World Law” in 1958 with Louis B. Sohn.
1882-1972 – Rose Schneiderman – Labor union leader, socialist & feminist. Coined phrase “Bread and Roses.” Friend of Eleanor Roosevelt. On 2007 mural in Augusta, ME.
1882-1973 – Jacques Maritain – Catholic philosopher. A drafter of Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. Friend of Saul Alinsky (qv).
1883-1931 – Kahlil Gibran – Artist, poet & philosopher. Wrote The Prophet in 1923.
1883-1938 – Bartholomeus (Bart) de Ligt – Clergyman. Published De Wereldvrede magazine & worked in Christen-Socialisten party (BCS).
1883-1958 – Bishop George Bell – Theologian, ecumentalist & Member House of Lords. Condemned aerial bombing in WW-II.
1883-1979 – Cyrus S. Eaton – Investment banker. Founded the Pugwash Conferences which received Nobel Peace Prize.
1883-1983 – Scott Nearing – Husband of Helen Knothe Nearing with whom he co-authored “Living the Good Life” in 1954.
1884-1915 – Leo Frank – Factory superintendent whose lynching by prominent citizens in Marietta, Georgia, drew attention to antisemitism in the USA.
1884-1956 – Zeth Höglund – Communist politician, anti-militarist, author, journalist & mayor of Stockholm 1940–1950. Wrote “Down with Weapons!”
1884-1957 – James D. Mooney – General Motors executive. Attempted to defuse build up to World War II.
1884-1962 – Jacob ter Meulen – Peace historian. Librarian of the Peace Palace in The Hague. Became Mennonite peace activist.
1884-1962 – Eleanor Roosevelt – Wife of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (qv). Chaired Univ Declaration of Human Rights drafting committee.
1884-1965 – Clarence E. Pickett – Directed American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) which received Nobel Peace Prize.
1884-1966 – Kees Boeke – Helped start FOR, SCI & WRI at his home in Bilthoven. Wrote “Cosmic View” in 1957.
1884-1968 – Norman Thomas – Six-time presidential candidate for the Socialist Party of America.
1910-1998 – Earle Reynolds – Constructed the “Phoenix of Hiroshima.”Husband of Barbard Leonard Reynolds (qv).
1885-1961 – Adele Pankhurst – Daughter of Emmeline Goulden Pankhurst (qv). Suffragist. Communist. Buried in Australia.
1885-1962 – Charles Francis Potter – Advocate of women’s rights, birth control, civil divorce laws, humanism, euthansia & end to capital punishment.
1885-1967 – A. J. Muste – Clergyman & political activist. Worked in labor, pacifist & civil rights movements.
1885-1968 – Muriel Lester – Operated “settlement house” (Kingsley Hall) in London (where Gandhi stayed in 1931).
1885-1969 – Friedrich Siegmund-Schultze – Co-founded Fellowship of Reconciliation with Henry Hodgkin in 1914.
1885-1974 – Richard Gregg – Philosopher of nonviolence. Lived with Scott & Helen Nearing. Influenced MLK, Aldous Huxley, Bayard Rustin & Robert Swann.
1885-1977 – Alice Paul – Suffragist & women’s rights activist. Knew the Pankhursts in England (qv). Wrote the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA).
1885-1985 – Nichidatsu Fujii – Founded the Nipponzan-Myohoji order of Buddhism. Called Guruji by Gandhi.
1886-1916 – Inez Milholland Boissevain – Suffragist, labor lawyer & opponent of World War I.
1886-1918 – Randolph Bourne – Public intellectual. Wrote “War is the Health of the State.” Died at age 32.
1886-1941 – Minnie Vautrin – UCMS missionary. Saved many at Ginling Girls College during the Nanking Massacre in 1937-38. Suicide in Indianapolis. Monument in Illinois
1886-1950 – Olaf Stapledon – Philosopher & SiFi author. Attended World Cong of Intellectuals for Peace in 1948 & Conf for World Peace in NY in 1949 (only Briton granted a US visa).
1886-1954 – Ellen Starr Brinton – Feminist & internationalist. First curator of the Swarthmore College Peace Collection (USA).
1886-1965 – Paul Tillich – Theologian & existentialist philosopher. Wrote Courage to Be in 1952 & Systematic Theology in 1951–63.
1886-1967 – Radhabinod Pal – Jurist. Only dissenter on Japanese war crimes tribunal in 1946. Honored at Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo.
1886-1967 – Siegfried Sassoon – Author & soldier. A leading poet of WW-I. Described horrors of trenches. Satirised those responsible for a vainglorious war.
1886-1977 – Ralph Borsodi – Decentralist & communitarian. Wrote “This Ugly Civilization” in 1929. Founded School of Living.
1887-1920 – Hector Hodler – Journalist. Pursued social questions, pacifism & animal protection. Helped create World Esperanto Association (UEA) in 1908.
1887-1940 – Marcus Garvey – Publisher, journalist, entrepreneur & orator. Staunch proponent of Black Nationalism & Pan-Africanism.
1887-1943 – Sue Sheldon White – Feminist leader & lawyer. Originally from Henderson, Tennessee. National leader of women’s suffrage movement. Called “Miss Sue.”
1887-1944 – Max Josef Metzger – Priest. Established German Catholics’ Peace Association in 1919. Executed by Nazis.
1887-1967 – Sir Julian Huxley – Evolutionary biologist. Sec Zoo. Society of London. 1st Director UNESCO. A World Wildlife Fund founder.
1887-1976 – Rene Cassin – Jurist, law prof & judge. Formed pacifist veterans Union Fédérale. Memorial in Forbach (France).
1888-1942 – Emil Flusser – Pediatrician. His 1932 “War as Illness” (w/forward by Albert Einstein) said war is a physic epidemic.
1888-1960 – Toyohiko Kagawa – Christian pacifist, reformer & labor activist. His desire to help the poor led him to live among them. Established schools, hospitals & churches.
1888-1976 – Theodore Lentz – Wrote “Towards a Science of Peace” (1955) & “Towards A Technology of Peace” (1972).
1888-1979 – Jean Monnet – Political economist & diplomat. Never elected to public office. “Father of Europe.”
1888-1988 – Fenner Brockway – Born in Calcutta. Anti-war activist & politician. Statue in London.
1889-1932 – Benjamin Joseph Salmon – Pacifist, Roman Catholic, conscientious objector & outspoken critic of just war theory who believed no war could be morally justified.
1889-1938 – Carl von Osietzky. Journalist. Exposed Germany’s Treaty of Versailles violations. Opposed Hitler.
1889-1952 – Stafford Cripps – Labour politician & ambassador. Opposed appeasement with Nazi Germany. Negotiated with Gandhi in India.
1889-1964 – Jawaharlal Nehru – First Prime Minister of India. “Architect of the modern Indian nation-state.” Father of Indira Gandhi & grandfather of Rajiv Gandhi.
1889-1968 – Pitirim Sorokin – Political activist in Russia. Then founded Department of Sociology at Harvard. Called communism a “pest of man.”
1889-1977 – Gertrude Harding – Suffragette. Moved to London in 1912. Remained as one of the highest-ranking members of the Women’s Social & Political Union.
1889-1979 – A. Philip Randolph – Civil rights leader. Founded Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.
1889-1982 – Philip Noel-Baker – Politician, diplomat & academic. Athlete. Renowned campaigner for disarmament.
1890-1922 – Michael Collins – Politician. “Sought to bring an incremental peace to his troubled native land. Killed by the Irish Republican Army (IRA).”
1890-1935 – Kurt Tucholsky – Important journalist of Weimar Republic. Satirist. Warned against National Socialism. His books burned by Nazis.
1890-1967 – Herman J. Muller – Geneticist & educator. Frequently warned about radioactive fallout.
1890-1970 – Quincy Wright – Political scientist. Pioneering work in intl law & intl relations. Wrote “A study of war” in 1942.
1890-1988 – Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan – Pashtun political & spiritual leader. Lifelong pacifist. Organized “Nonviolent Army” to oppose British rule. Grave in Afghanistan suffers neglect.
1891-1916 – Harry Farr – British soldier. Executed for cowardice at age 25 during World War I. “Shot at Dawn” memorial unveiled by his daughter in 2001.
1891-1939 – Mark Gurtler – Artist. Became consciencious objector & painted anti-war “Merry Go Round” in 1916.
1891-1942 – Edith Stein – German-Jewish philosopher, nun, martyr & saint of the RC Church. Holocaust victim.
1891-1949 – Damaskinos Papandreou – Archbishop of Athens. Only senior churchman in Nazi occupied Europe to condemn Holocaust.
1891-1950 – José Brocca – Pacifist & humanitarian. Sought non-violent ways to resist fascism during the Spanish Civil War.
1891-1956 – B. R. Ambedkar – Jurist, political leader, philosopher, anthropologist, historian, economist & teacher. Drafted Indian constitution. Untouchable. Became Buddhist.
1891-1960 – Zora Neale Hurston – Folklorist & novelist. Worked in NY, Florida, Jamaica & Honduras. Politically conservative.
1891-1971 – Reinhold Neibur – Theologian & commentator on public affairs. Archetypal intellectual of the Cold War era.
1891-1981 – Mary Parkman Peabody – Civil rights activist & civil volunteer. Mother of Massachusetts governor. Arrested in St. Augustine, FL, in 1964.
1892-1973 – Pearl S. Buck – Writer. Lived in China until 1934. Her novel The Good Earth won Pulitzer Prize in 1932.
1892-1982 – Archibald MacLeish – Poet & author. Wrote “The Young Dead Soldiers Do Not Speak” about 1941.
1892-1982 – Marabehn – Nee Madeleine Slade, daughter of Rear-Admiral Sir Edmond Slade. Spent much of her adult life in India as a devotee of Gandhi who named her Marabehn.
1892-1984 – Martin Niemöller – Anti-Nazi theologian & Lutheran pastor. Wrote “First they came for the..” in 1946.
1892-1986 – Herbert W. Armstrong – Radio evangelist. Preached British Israelism. “Ambassador without portfolio for world peace.”
1893-1918 – Wilfred Owen – Soldier. Leading poet of WW-I. Wrote on horrors of trenches & gas warfare.
1893-1970 – Vera Brittain – Writer, feminist & pacifist. Wrote “Testament of Youth” in 1933.
1893-1971 – Daniel West – Teacher & Brethren. Conceived the Heifer Project while doing relief work in the Spanish Civil War. Called “a practical mystic.”
1893-1988 – Spurgeon Milton Keeny – Directed UNICEF & family planning in Asia. UN relief in Italy & Russia. YMCA in Siberia, Estonia & Poland.
1894-1943 – Maria Restituta Kafka – Nun & nurse. Beheaded by Nazis. .
1894-1963 – Aldous Huxley – Writer & pre-eminent intellectual. Wrote “Brave New World” in 1932.
1894-1967 – Ernst Friedrich – Anarchist. Wrote “War Against War!” in 1924. Operated Anti-War Museum in Berlin 1925-1933. Reopened in 1982.
1894-1972 – Richard Nikolaus Coudenhove-Kalergi – Geopolitician & philosopher. Founder of Paneuropean Union. Model for Victor Laszlo in film “Casabla
1894-1977 – Pierre-Marie Theas – Resisted Nazi occupation. First Bishop President of Pax Christi in 1945.
1894-1980 – Rudolph Pabus Cleveringa – Professor at Leiden University. Led resistance during WW-II.
1894-1983 – Ghanshyam Das Birla – “Dean” of Indian industry. Built Birla Mandir/Birla Temple w/Gandhi in 1939 for all people including harijan/untouchables.
1894-1986 – Lucile Atcherson – Suffragist. In France 1917-1921. First female US Foreign Service Officer 1922-1927, serving in WDC, Bern & Panama City.
1895-1948 – Folke Bernadotte – Middle East peace mediator. Assassinated by militant Zionist group Lehi.
1895-1961 – John T. Neufeld – sentenced to 15 years hard labor at Fort Levenworth. Paroled to do dairy work & released after 5 months. Mennonite pastor.
1895-1967 – Gladdys Muir – Brethern. Founded world’s first peace studies program at Manchester College, Indiana, leading to many others.
1895-1982 – Vinova Bhave – Advocate of nonviolence & human rights. Considered to be spiritual successor of Mahatma Gandhi.
1895-1983 – R. Buckminster Fuller – Systems theorist, author, designer & futurist. Second president of Mensa. Invented the geodesic dome.
1895-1986 – Jiddu Krishnamurti – Writer & speaker on philosophical & spiritual issues.
1895-2001 – Floyd Schmoe – Peace activist. Built houses in Hiroshima (1949-52) & Sadako Sasaki Peace Park in Seattle (1990).
1896-1948 – Thomas C. Wasson – US Consul General in Jerusalem. Murdered while returning from meeting of the UN Truce Commission.
1896-1968 – Trygve Lie – Labor leader. Foreign minister in London 1940-1945. 1st Secretary General of the United Nations 1946-1952.
1896-1971 – George Brock Chisholm – Medical practitioner. First Director-General of World Health Organization (WHO). Advocated religious tolerance.
1896-1978 – Truus Wijsmuller-Meijer – War hero & resistance fighter. Probably 2nd greatest savior of Jews (after Raoul Wallenberg).
1896-1980 – Gaston Bouthoul – Sociologue français spécialiste du phénomène de la guerre.
1896-1984 – Ralph T. Templin – Missionary & teacher. Acquainted with Gandhi in India, Ralph Borsodi in New York & Arthur Morgan in Ohio.
1897-1944 – Jane Haining – Missionary. Cared for Jewish children in Budapest. Killed at Auschwitz. One of only 10 Holocaust victims from Scotland.
1897-1957 – Shoghi Effendi – Guardian of the Baha’i Faith. Developed the Baha’i World Centre in Haifa (Israel).
1897-1972 – Lester Bowles Pearson – Organized UN Emergency Force to resolve Suez Canal Crisis. Only Canadian recipient of Nobel Peace Prize.
1897-1978 – John D. MacArthur – Businessman. Created John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation for strengthening stability in Asia-Pacific region & other goals.
1897-1980 – Dorothy Day – Journalist & social activist. Co-founded Catholic Worker Movement with Peter Maurin (qv)
1897-1993 – Marian Anderson – Celebrated Contralto. Sang at Lincoln Memorial in 1939 after DAR refused use of Constitution Hall.
1897-2001 – Shidzue Kato – Feminist. One of first women elected to Diet. Pioneer in birth control movement & strong supporter of labour reform.
1898-1920 – Clayton Kratz – Mennonite relief worker in Ukraine. Disappeared from village of Halbstadt in the German Mennonite settlement of Molotschna during the Russian Civil War.
1898-1940 – Hermann Stohr – Pacifist & anti-Nazi resistance fighter.
1898-1964 – Leo Szilard – Atomic scientist. Drafted Einstein letter warning President Truman about German A-bomb in 1939.
1898-1967 – Chief Albert Lutuli – Anti-apartheid movement (South Africa).
1898-1970 – Erich Maria Remarque – Wrote anti-war “All Quiet on the Western Front” in 1929 & Three Comrades in 1936.
1898-1976 – Paul Robeson – Athelete, concert singer & actor. Social justice activist. Recd Stalin Peace Prize in 1952.
1898-1987 – Septima Poinsette Clark – Educator & activist. Ran literacy & citizenship workshops. Known as “Queen mother” or “Grandmother of American Civil Rights Movement.”
1898-1990 – Hugo Enomiya Lassalle – Missionary. Built Memorial Cathedral for World Peace in Hiroshima in 1954.
1898-1993 – Edwin H. Wilson – Unitarian minister. Helped write both the Humanist Manifesto I of 1933 & the Humanist Manifesto II of 1973.
1899-1939 – Johann Nobis – Conscientious objector. Executed in Plötzensee Prison (Berlin, Germany) with five other Jehovah’s Witnesses.
1899-1968 – Aldo Capitini – Philosopher, poet, political activist, anti-Fascist & educator. Known as the “Italian Gandhi.” First used international peace flag in 1961.
1899-1977 – Alice Franklin Bryant – Peace activist, world traveler, prolific writer & lecturer. Inturned in Phlipppines during WW-II.
1899-1981 – Howard Thurman – Theologian & civil rights leader. Dean of Theology & chapels at Howard & Boston Univs. Taught MLK, Jr.
1899-1992 – Friedrich Hayek – Economist & philosopher. Defended classical liberalism & free-market capitalism. 1974 with Gunnar Myrdal
1899-1995 – Ryoichi Sasakawa – Businessman & kuromaku (power broker). Known throughout Africa for his wide-ranging philanthropic programs.
1900-1940 – Rudolf Redlinghofer – Jehovah’s Witness draft resister. Executed in Plotzensee Prison. Rehabilited in 1998.
1900-1958 – Josei Toda – 2nd president of Soka Gakkai.
1900-1959 – Raphael Lemkin – Lawyer. Proposed defending peace through criminal law. Coined the word genocide in 1944.
1900-1965 – Adlai Stevenson – US representative to UN. Two-time Democratic candidate for president of the US.
1900-1980 – Erich Fromm – Humanistic philosopher & democratic socialist. Wrote “The Fear of Freedom” in 1941.
1900-1982 – Hudson Hoagland – Neuroendocrinologist. Helped form the Worcester Foundation for Experimental Biology in 1944.
1900-1986 – Chiune (Sempo) Sugihara – Japanese vice consul in Vilnius (Lithuania) during WW-II. Saved several 1,000 Jews.
1900-1992 – Mildred Jansen Loomis – Decentralist. Successor to Ralph Borsodi (qv). Operated School of Living (SOL) in OH, MD & PA.
1900-19?? – John Walter Clarke. – Philanthropist & trustee. With wife Maude donated Clarke Peace Memorial (Pro Patria et Pace) to University of Notre Dame in 1986.
1901-1971 – Cyril of Bulgaria – Successfully resisted deportation of 1,500 Jews on March 10, 1943. Later named Patriarch of Bulgaria.
1901-1973 – Eugene Rabinowitch – Biophysicist. Urged 6/45 that US not use atomic bomb (Franck Report). Founded Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.
1901-1975 – Eisaku Sato. PM 1964-72. Persuaded US to return Okinawa. Only Japanese to receive Nobel Peace Prize. 1974 with Sean MacBride
1901-1978 – Margaret Mead – Cultural anthropologist. Featured writer & speaker. Wrote “Coming of Age in Samoa” in 1928.
1901-1982 – René Jules Dubos – French-born microbiologist. Pulitzer Prize for “So Human An Animal.” Said “Think globally, act locally.”
1901-1990 – Harry Bridges – Union leader. Led Intl Longshore & Warehouse Union (ILWU) over 40 years. Prosecuted in 1930s, 1940s & 1950s.
1901-1990 – Fritz Eichenberg – Illustrator. His work concerned religion, social justice & nonviolence.
1901-1994 – Linus Pauling – Chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author & educator. Recd 2 Nobel Prizes.
1902-1967 – Langston Hughes – Poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, & columnist. Best known for work during Harlem Renaissance.
1902-1979 – Jayaprakash (JP) Narayan – Gandhian independence activist & political leader. Led opposition to Indira Gandhi.
1902-1983 – Eric Hoffer – Moral & social philosopher. Wrote “The True Believer” (1951). “The Ordeal of Change,” & 10 other books.
1902-1986 – Alva Myrdal – Supported disarmament. Wife of Gunner Myrdal. 1982 with Alfonso Garcia Robles
1902-1987 – Carl Rogers – Psychologist. A founder of the humanistic approach to psychology & of psychotherapy research
1902-1988 – Edita Toll Morris – Peace activist. Wrote “The Flowers of Hiroshima” in 1959.
1902-1990 – Elizabeth Evans Baker – Subject of “Peace is Everybody’s Business” by Marta Daniels (1999).
1902-1995 – Corliss Lamont – Socialist philosopher. Advocate of various left-wing & civil liberties causes. Chaired National Council of American-Soviet Friendship.
1902-1998 – Bert Bissell – Mountain climber & peace campaigner. Created Peace Cairn on Ben Nevis in Scotland on VJ-Day 1945.
1902-1999 – Tomin Harada – Medical doctor & peace activist. Led the “Hiroshima Maidens” to USA in 1955.
1902-2001 – Mortimer Adler – Philosopher, educator & popular author. Wrote “How to Think About War & Peace” in 1944.
1903-1971 – Ralph Bunche – Political scientist & diplomat. Mediated in Palestine. First person of color to receive Nobel Prize.
1903-1985 – Maude C. Clarke. – Nurse & philanthropist. With husband John donated Clarke Peace Memorial (Pro Patria et Pace) to University of Notre Dame in 1986.
1903-1986 – Ella Baker – Civil rights & human rights activist beginning in the 1930’s. Helped found Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
1903-1988 – Hiram Bingham IV – US Vice Consul in Marseille (France). Helped >2,500 Jews flee as Nazi forces advanced.
1903-1988 – Benjamin Spock – Pediatrician. Wrote “Baby & Child Care” in 1946.
1903-1991 – Lester A. Kirkendall – Sociologist. Pioneer of sex education. Drafted American Humanist Association’s “Bill of Sexual Rights & Responsibilities.”
1903-1994 – Yeshayahu Leibowitz – MD & polymath. For separation of religion & state. Said occupation would cause Israel’s moral stature to decline.
1904-1942 – Lidia Zamenhof – Youngest daughter of Ludwig (qv). Promoted Esperanto, Homaranismo & Bahá’í Faith. Taught in USA. Murdered at Treblinka.
1904-1961 – Marcel Junod – Field delegate of International Committee of the Red Cross.
1904-1967 – John Courtney Murray – Jesuit priest & theologian. Helped draft & promote “Declaration on World Peace” in 1943.
1904-1980 – Hans Morgenthau – Academic critic of US foreign policy. Wrote Politics Among Nations: Struggle for Power & Peace in 1948.
1904-1981 – Emery Reves – Writer, publisher & world federalist. Literary agent of Winston Churchill. Wrote “The Anatomy of Peace” in 1945.
1904-1981 – Federick Lewis Schuman – Professor of history at Williams College. Political scientist. Analyst of international relations.
1904-1984 – C. Maxwell Stanley – Engineer, entrepreneur, philanthropist, peace activist & world citizen. Funded the Stanley Foundation, an intl relations think tank, in Muscatine, Iowa.
1904-1988 – Sean MacBride President of International Peace Bureau 1974-1985. 1974 with Eisaku Sato
1904-1990 – B. F. Skinner – Behaviorist, author, inventor, social philosopher & poet. “Most influential psychologist of the 20th century.”
1904-1993 – William Shirer – Journalist, war correspondent & historian. Wrote “The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich” in October 1960.
1904-1995 – Helen Knothe Nearing. Wife of Scott Nearing with whom she co-authored “Living the Good Life” in 1954.
1904-1998 – Mary Calderone – Physician. Advocate for sexual education. Medical director of Planned Parenthood.
1904-2005 – George F. Kennan – “Dove” in US government. Received Albert Einstein Peace Prize.
1904-2012 – Atonio Dobrowolski – Teacher. Taught defiance of Nazi occupation. Oldest known survivor of Auschwitz death camp.
1905-1935 – Gareth Jones – Journalist. Revealed Ukrainian Famine of 1932-33 (Holodomor) to Western world. Killed in Japanese-occupied Manchukuo (by Russian agents?).
1905-1961 – Dag Hammarskjöld – UN Sec Gen 1953-1961. Born as his father helped negotiate dissolution of union between Sweden & Norway. Shot down?
1905-1964 – Vasily Grossman – Writer & journalist. Exposed starvation in Soviet Ukraine. Saw many WW-II battles & Nazi camps. Wrote the novel “Life & Fate” in 1959.
1905-1967 – Charles Coward – Soldier captured during WW-II. Rescued Jews. Smuggled himself into Auschwitz. Testified at Nuremberg trial.
1905-1968 – Shinzo Hamai – Mayor of Hiroshima 1947-1955 & 1959-1967. Created Hiroshima’s image as a city of peace.
1905-1972 – Chiyoji Nakagawa – Mayor of Uwajima (Shikoku Island). Gave Japanese Peace Bell to United Nations in 1954.
1905-1976 – Dalton Trumbo – Screenwriter & novelist. One of the Hollywood Ten. Monument in Boulder, Colorado.
1905-1982 – Canon John Collins – Anglican clergyman. Helped found Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in 1957.
1905-1984 – Dorothy Hewitt Hutchinson – AFSC published her “A Call to Peace Now: A Message to the Society of Friends” in l943. Helped start the Peace Now Movement.
1905-1990 – Myles Horton – Founded Highlander Research & Education Center in Tennessee in 1932. Husband of Zilphia Horton (qv).
1905-1991 – Joseph Fletcher – Bioethicist involved with abortion, infanticide, euthanasia, eugenics & cloning. Founded “situational ethics.”
1905-1995 – Senator J. William Fulbright – US senator 1945-1974. Staunch multilateralist. Created Fulbright scholarships in 1946.
1905-1995 – Margaret E. Kuhn – Activist. Founded the Gray Panthers in 1970 to work for rights & welfare of the elderly.
1905-1997 – Viktor E. Frankl – Neurologist & psychiatrist. Holocaust survivor. Founded logotherapy.
1905-1999 – Ashley Montagu – Anthropologist & humanist. Popularized topics such as race & gender & their relation to politics & development.
1905-2001 – Stephen Wang – At Bluffton College 1930-32. First American-trained Chinese in Chinese Mennonite Church. Victim of Great Cultural Revolution.
1906-1945 – Dietrich Bonhoeffer – Theologian & pacifist. Lived twice in NY City & once in London. Nazi resister & Holocaust victim.
1906-1957 – Rudolf Kastner – Zionist leader. Negotiated “Kasztner train” with the Nazis. Tried in Israel. Assassinated in Tel Aviv.
1906-1975 – Hannah Arendt – Political theorist. Fled to France in 1933. Fled to USA in 1941 on visa issued by Hiram Bingham IV (qv). Wrote “The Origins of Totalitarianism” in 1951.
1906-1984 – Hilda Murrell – Rose grower. Campaigned against nuclear energy & weapons. Murdered mysteriously.
1906-1985 – Bert Röling – Jurist. Founder of Dutch polemology. On Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal 1946-1948. Helped found Intl Peace Research Association in 1964.
1906-1993 – Albert Bigelow – Freedom rider in 1961.
1906-1999 – Nikkyo Niwano – Helped found Rissho Kosei Kai Buddhist order in 1938.
1906-2005 – Hans Bethe – Manhattan Project physicist. For Partial Test Ban Treaty & peaceful use of nuclear energy.
1906-Alive – Edgar Wayburn – Environmentalist. Five time president of the Sierra Club.
1907-1943 – Franz Jägerstätter – Nazis executed. RC Church beatified in 2007.
1907-1944 – Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg – Army officer. Central figure of Resistance movement within the Wehrmacht.
1907-1945 – Helmuth James Graf von Moltke – As a draftee acted to subvert German human-rights abuses. Jurist. Resisted Hitler. Home is now Conference Center for European Understanding.
1907-1964 – Rachel Carson – Marine biologist & nature writer. Wrote “The Sea Around Us” in 1951 & “Silent Spring” in 1962.
1907-1972 – Abraham Joshua Heschel – Rabbi & widely read Jewish conservative theologian. Marched with MLK in Selma in 1965.
1907-1989 – I. F. Stone – Investigative journalist. Best remembered for his self-published newsletter, I. F. Stone’s Weekly.
1907-1990 – William R. Huntington. Architect. American Friends Service Committee activist. Sailed on “Golden Rule” to protest US nuclear tests.
1907-2002 – Astrid Lindgren – Author & screenwriter. World’s 18th most translated author.
1907-1995 – U Nu – Burma Prime Minister 1948-56, 1957-58 & 1960-62. Built Kaba Aye/World Peace Pagoda in 1952.
1907-1997 – Katherine (Kit) Tremaine – Author, philanthropist & anti-war activist. Created Sunflower Foundation. On Nixon’s enemies list.
1907-2007 – Ralph K.White Wrote “Fearful Warriors: A Psychological Profile of U.S.-Soviet Relations” in 1984.
1908-1951 – Takashi Nagai – Doctor & writer. Survivor of the Nagasaki A-bomb. “Saint of Urakami.”
1908-19?? – Lawrence Scott – “Radical Quaker.” Co-founded CNVA in 1957, AQAG in 1966 & MNS in 1971.
1908-1970 – Abraham H. Maslow – Professor of psychology. Created “Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.”
1908-1974 – Oskar Schindler – Industrialist credited with saving over 1,100 Jews. Buried in Israel.
1908-1981 – Catherine T. MacArthur – Wife & business partner of John D. MacArthur (qv). Co-founder of John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.
1908-1981 – Peace Pilgrim (Mildred Lisette Norman) – Pacifist, vegetarian & peace activist. Walked 28 years for peace.
1908-1983 – Jean Lasserre – Peace theologian. Felowship of Reconciliation. Wrote “War & the Gospel.” Influenced Bonhoeffer (qv).
1908-1986 – Simone de Beauvoir – Existentialist philosopher & political activist. Significantly influenced feminist theory. Wrote “The Second Sex” in 1949. Lifelong relationship w/Jean-Paul Sartre.
1908-1986 – Dana McLean Greeley – 1st pres. of Unitarian-Universalist Assn. 1961. Helped found World Conf. of Religions for Peace in 1970.
1908-1993 – Sam Levering – Orchardist. “Citizen Action for Global Change: Neptune Group & Law of the Sea.” Husband of Miriam Levering (qv).
1908-1993 – Tadeusz Pankiewicz – Rescued Jews in Krakow. One of 6,125 Polish “Righteous Among the Nations.”
1908-1998 – Martha Gellhorn – Novelist, travel writer & journalist. One of the greatest war correspondents of the 20th century. Third wife of Ernest Hemmingway.
1908-2000 – Julia Pirotte – Photojournalist known for work with French Resistance. Covered 1948 World Congress of Intellectuals for Peace in Wroclaw.
1908-2003 – Edward Schempp – Sued in 1963 to end prayer in public schools. Father of Ellery Schempp.
1908-2005 – Joseph Rotblat – Manhattan Project scientist. SecGen of Pugwash Confs 1957-1973.
1908-2006 – John Kenneth Galbraith – Keynesian economist. public intellectural. Author & bureaucrat. US ambassador to India.
1909-1943 – Simone Weil – Philosopher, Christian mystic & social activist.
1909-1944 – Adam von Trott zu Solz – Lawyer & diplomat. Played central role July 20 Plot against Hitler.
1909-1972 – Saul Alinsky – Founded modern community organizing. “One of the great leaders of the nonsocialist left.”
1909-1974 – U Thant – Diplomat. Secretary of 1st Asian–African summit (Bandung 1955). 3rd Secretary General of the United Nations 1961-1971.
1909-1990 – Lotta Hitschmanova – Journalist. Wanted by Nazis. Founded Unitarian Service Committee of Canada.
1909-1997 – Virginia d’Albert-Lake – Born in Dayton, Ohio. Hero of the French Resistance. Freed from Ravensbrück concentration camp.
1909-1999 – Dom Helder Camara – Archbishop, social worker & human rights organizer. Advocate of liberation theology.
1909-2002 – Marion Gräfin Dönhoff – Journalist & intellectual. Member of anti-Nazi resistance.
1909-2011 – Milton Rogovin – Documentary photographer. Father of Mark Rogovin (qv).
1909-2015 – Nicholoas Winton – Rescued 669 children (Czech Kindertransport). Called “the British Schindler.” Recd highest Czech honour in 2014.
1910-1939 – August Dickmann – First conscientious objector executed by the Nazis in Germany during World War II.
1910-1956 – Zilphia Horton – Civil rights activist & folklorist. Wife of Myles Horton (qv).
1910-1969 – Father Georges Pire – Helped Displaced Persons. Founded L’Université de Paix in 1960.
1910-1989 – Larry Mellon – Philanthropist & physician. Son of financier William Larimer Mellon. Co-founded Hôpital Albert Schweitzer Haiti in 1956.
1910-1991 – Alfred Hassler – Executive Director, Fellowship of Reconcilation.
1910-1993 – Glenn Smiley – Methodist minister & civil rights activist. Field secretary for Fellowship of Reconciliation.
1910-1993 – Kenneth E. Boulding – Educator, peace activist & cofounder of General Systems Theory. Husband of Elise M. Boulding.
1910-1993 – Leo Pfeffer – Scholar, humanist & lawyer. Supported religious freedom in the USA.
1910-1994 – Dorothy Hodgkin – Chemist. Developed protein crystallography. President 1976-88 of Pugwash which received 1995 Nobel Peace Prize.
1910-1997 – Mother Teresa – Albanian nun. Founded Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta.
1910-1998 – Earle Reynolds – Constructed the “Phoenix of Hiroshima.” Husband of Barbard Leonard Reynolds (qv).
1910-2008 – Irena Sendler – Smuggled 2,500 Jewish children out of the Warsaw Ghetto.
1910-2010 – Doris “Granny D” Haddock – Politician & liberal political activist. Walked over 3,200 miles to advocate for campaign finance reform.
19??-Alive – Gerald A. Larue – Professor of religion. Member Academie Intl. d’Humanisme. Wrote “Playing God” & “Freethought Across the Centuries.”
1911-1960 – Krishnalal Shridharani – Gandhian. On Salt March in 1930. Wrote “War Without Violence” in 1939. Influenced CORE.
1911-1972 – Paul Goodman – Sociologist, poet, writer, anarchist & public intellectual. Activist on the pacifist left.
1911-1977 – E. F. Schumacher – Economist. Wrote “Small is Beautiful” in 1973. His library at E. F. Schumacher Foundation in Great Barrington, Massachusetts.
1911-1986 – Robert LeFevre – Libertarian businessman, pacifist & radio personality. Primary theorist of autarchism.
1911-1990 – Le Duc Tho – Signed Paris Peace Accords in 1973. Declined Nobel Peace Prize.
1911-1991 – Alfonso Garcia Robles – Diplomat. Caused Treaty of Tlatelolco (nuclear-free zone in Latin America). 1982 with Alva Myrdal
1911-1996 – Bruno Hussar – Founded Neve Shalom/Wahat al-Salam/Oasis of Peace, a Christian/Muslim/Jewish village near Latrun (Israel).
1911-1998 – Sam Marcy – Marxist. Co-founded the Workers World Party in 1959. Helped organize first demonstration in USA against the Vietnam War.
1911-1999 – Mary Morain – Therapist, social reformer & secular humanist. Co-author with her husband of “Humanism As The Next Step.”
1911-2000 – Gwen Grant Mellon – Hospital administrator. With her second husband Larry Mellon (qv), founded Hôpital Albert Schweitzer Haiti in 1956.
1911-2004 – Czeslaw Milosz – Writer & translator. Wrote The World. Wrote The Captive Mind in 1953. Nobel Prize in Literature in 1980.
1911-2007 – Anatol Rapoport – Mathematical psychologist. Contributed to general systems theory & social modeling.
1911-2010 – Lucile Longview – “Liberation feminist, futurist & change agent.” UU Women & Religion Resolution in 1977.
1912-1963 – Greigoris Lambrakis – Politician, track & field athlete & medical school faculty member. Assassinated at anti-war meeting in Thessaloniki.
1912-1967 – Woody Guthrie – Singer-songwriter & folk musician. Sought justice for workers. His best-known song is “This Land Is Your Land.”
1912-1986 – Sidney Lens – Labor leader & political activist. Best knows for his book “The Day Before Doomsday” (1977) about nuclear annihilation.
1912-1987 – Bayard Rustin – Leader in social movements for civil rights, socialism, pacifism, non-violence & gay rights. Advised Martin Luther King, Jr.
1912-1947 – Raoul Wallenberg – Architect & diplomat. Rescued Jews from the Holocaust in Budapest in 1944. Many monuments.
1912-1969 – Clarence Jordan – Founded Koinonia Farm near Americus, Georgia (USA), in 1942.
1912-1991 – Jean Goss – Evangelical advocate of nonviolence. Husband of Hildegard Goss-Mayr [b.1930] (qv).
1912-1992 – Karl Duetsch – Social & political scientist. Studied war & peace, nationalism, co-operation & communication.
1912-1993 – H. Charles Grawemeyer – Industrialist, entrepreneur, investor & philanthropist. Created Grawemeyer Awards at University of Louisville, Kentucky (USA).
1912-1996 – Marion Coddington Bromley – Secretary of A.J. Muste [qv]. Tax resistance & civil rights activist. Married Ernest Bromley [qv]. Arrested desegregating Coney Island in 1952.
1912-1997 – Ernest Bromley – Minister. Civil rights & peace activist. Founding member of Freedom Riders, Organized rallies in Cincinnati which protested the Vietnam War & segregation. Bromley was also a pioneer of the modern American tax resistance movement & Peacemakers. Married Marion Bromley [qv] in 1948.”
1912-2000 – David Brower – Founded Friends of the Earth & many other environmentalist organizations.
1912-2006 – Vashti McCollum – Atheist or Humanist. Sued to end religious instruction in public schools. Son is John Terry McCollum.
1912-2008 – Louis (Studs) Terkel – Author, actor, broadcaster. Famous for oral histories. Won Pulitzer Prize for “The Good War: Oral History of WW-II.”
1912-2010 – Dorothy I. Height – African-American civil rights activist. Received Congressional Gold Medal.
1912-2011 – Sayadaw U Thila Wunta – Buddhist monk. Constructed Peace Pagodas on all continents.
1913-1960 – Albert Camus – Author, journalist & key philosopher of the 20th century. Wrote L’Étranger/The Stranger” in 1942.
1913-1980 – William Richard Tolbert, Jr. – 20th President of Liberia 1971-1980. Initiated some liberal & economic reforms. Killed in coup d’état of Samuel Doe.
1913-1991 – Miriam Levering – Orchardist. “Citizen Action for Global Change: Neptune Group & Law of the Sea.” Wife of Sam Levering (qv).
1913-1992 – Willy Brandt – Chancellor 1969–1974. Espoused Ostpolitik to improve relations with East Germany, Poland etc.
1913-1998 – William Denson – US Army lawyer. Proscecuted all Nazi war criminals in US Zone of Occupied Germany.
1913-1999 – Georgia Lloyd Berndt – World Federalist. Daughter of Lola Maverick Lloyd (qv).
1913-2005 – Rosa Parks. “Mother of the Civil Rights Movement.” Sparked bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama.
1913-2007 – Albert Ellis – Psychologist. Developed Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) in 1955.
1913-2010 – Michael Foot – Labour Party politician, journalist & author. Led first march by Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) in 1958.
1913-2010 – Helga Herz – Peace activist. Fled Germany in 1933. Received German reparations in 2000.
1913-2010 – Theodore (Ted) Herman – Geography professor. Founded Peace & Conflict Studies Program (P-Con) at Colgate Univ.
1914-1985 – Gerald Holtom – Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. Designed the CND peace symbol in 1958.
1914-1995 – Jonas Salk – Medical researcher & virologist. Discovered the first safe & effective polio vaccine.
1914-2000 – Sister Maria Isolina Ferre Aguayo – Nun. Called “Mother Teresa of Puerto Rico.”
1914-2004 – Rainer Hildebrandt – Anti-communist resistance fighter. Founded Museum Haus am Checkpoint Charlie (“1st museum of intl nonviolent protest”). Wife-Alexandra Hildebrandt (qv).
1914-2006 – Harry Mister – Helped run Peace News 1936-71. Managed Housmans Bookshop in London 1945-76.
1914-2006 – Louis B. Sohn – Law Professor. Wrote “World Peace Through World Law” in 1958 with Greenville Clark.
1914-2008 – Ralph DiGia – Lifelong pacifist & social justice activist. Staffer at War Resisters League for 52 years.
1914-2009 – Norman Borlaug – “Father of the Green Revolution.”
1914-2010 – George Willoughby. Advocate for world peace.
1914-2010 – Theodore W. Kheel – Lawyer in New York City. Labor negotiator and arbitrator.
1914-2010 – Irwin Abrams. Academic expert on Nobel Peace Prize
1914-Alive – Marjorie Ewbank – Peace activist. Treasurer of Peace Now Movement, NY City as of 1944. Clerk of Tract Association of Friends, Philadelphia. Wife of John Ewbank (qv).
1915-1968 – Thomas Merton – Catholic writer, social activist & student of comparative religion.
1915-1990 – Norman Cousins – “Tireless advocate of liberal causes.” Subject of 1st US monument in Hiroshima in 2003.
1915-1990 – Barbara Leonard Reynolds – Founded WFC & PRC. Subject of 2nd US monument in Hiroshima in 2011.
1915-2004 – David Dellinger – Influential radical, pacifist & activist for nonviolent social change.
1915-2005 – Philip Morrison – Professor of physics. One of the very few Manhattan Project scientists to visit Japan & observe effects of the bomb. He said he was a “crime & a sin.”
1915-2006 – Alvin Weinberg – Physicist & administrator. Manhattan Project scientist. Proposed “Sanctification of Hiroshima” in 1985.
1915-2011 – Sargent Shriver – Statesman & activist. Founded Peace Corps, Job Corps & Head Start. Architect of War on Poverty. US Amb to France.
1915-2012 – John McConnell – Founded Earth Day, the Earth Day Proclamation, the Earth Day Flag & International Day of Peace (Sept. 21).
1915-2012 – Albert Otto Hirschman – Economist. Wrote “Exit, Voice, and Loyalty” & “The Rhetoric of Reaction: Perversity, Futility, Jeopardy.”
1915-2013 – Maria Dehn Peters – Resident of Bryn Gweled Homesteads. Daughter of mathemetician Max E. Dehn (buried at Black Mtn College, NC). Widow of Ted Peters (Friendsville, TN).
1915-Alive – Joseph Abileah – Israel’s first conscientious objector.
1915-Alive – John Burton – Helped found International Peace Research Association in 1964.
1916-1945 – George Maduro – Born in Curaçao. Student & army officer. Nazi resister. Madurodam Miniature City in The Hague is named for him.
1916-1962 – Tom Slick – Texas busnessman. Wrote “Permanent Peace: A Check and Balance Plan” in 1958.
1916-1980 – Masahisa Goi – Philosopher & peace campaigner. Wrote >30 books. Created “May Peace Prevail on Earth” & Peace Poles.
1916-1993 – Homer A. Jack – Secretary General of World Conference of Religions for Peace 1970-1983.
1916-1994 – Hind al-Husseini – Educator & feminist. Rescued 55 orphans of Deir Yassin massacre in 1948. Started orphanage & women’s college.
1916-1999 – H. Stuart Hughes – History prof & activist. Applied psychoanalysis to history. Opposed Ted Kennedy for Senate. Co-chair of SANE w/Dr. Benjamin Spock.
1916-1994 – Takeshi Araki – Mayor of Hiroshima 1975-1991. Founded Mayors for Peace in 1982.
1916-2002 – Stephen G. Cary – American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) administrator. Ran CO camps & European relief.
1916-2006 – Adam Curle – Peace activist. First professor of Peace Studies at the University of Bradford (England).
1916-2006 – Anton Rupert – Billionaire entrepreneur. Founded Peace Parks Foundation (PPF) to promote transfrontier conservation areas (peace parks) in Southern Africa.
1916-2012 – John R. Ewbank – Lawyer, communitarian, world federalist & decentralist. Wrote “A History of the World Government Movement” about 2001.
1917-1963 – John F. Kennedy – US senator 1953-1960 & president 1961-1963. Created Peace Corps in 1961.
1917-1977 – Fannie Lou Hamer. Civil rights activist. Democratic delegate.
1917-1980 – Óscar Romero – Fourth Archbishop of San Salvador. Spoke out against poverty, social injustice, assassinations & torture. Assassinated while offering Mass.
1917-1984 – Barbara Deming – Writer. Gandhian. Open lesbian. “Created a body of non-violent theory centered on the women’s movement.”
1917-2000 – Ion Ratiu – Outspoken critic of Nicolae Ceausescu [1918-1989]. Lived many years in London as elected leader of World Union of Free Romanians.
1917-2004 – Seymour Melman – Professor of industrial engineering & operations research. Wrote extensively for 50 years on “economic conversion” from military to civilian production.
1917-2010 – Lloyd Morain – Businessman, philanthropist, writer, environmentalist & film producer. Pres of Am Humanist Assn.
1917-2012 – Barry Commoner – Professor & environmentalist. Wrote “The Closing Circle” & “The Poverty of Power.” Ran for president in 1980.
1917-2017 – Huub Ernst – Eighth bishop of the diocese of Breda. Vice President of Pax Christi International. Info courtesy of Gerard Lössbroek.
1918-1943 – Hans Scholl – Student. Opposed Hilter in non-violent White Rose resistance group. Executed with his sister Sophie.
1918-1981 – Anwar al-Sadat – Visited Israel. Signed Camp David Accords in 1978.
1918-1986 – Sr. Corita Kent – Artist & educator. Artwork particularly popular during social upheavals in 1960s & 1970s. Designed the 1985 annual “love” stamp.
1918-1994 – Oka Masaharu – Protestant minister. Helped Korean A-bomb victims. Oka Masaharu Memorial Peace Museum in 1995.
1918-1997 – Cheddi Jagen – Politician. Leader of opposition during Burnham regime. Husband of Janet Rosenburg Jagen (qv). President of Guyana 1992-1997.
1918-2000 – Morris Abram – Lawyer, civil rights activist & president of Brandeis University. Father of Ruth J. Abram (founder of ICSC).
1918-2002 – Elisabeth Mann-Borgese – “Mother of the Law of the Sea Treaty” (1982). Daughter of Thomas Mann.
1918-2003 – Robert Swann – Anti-nuclear communitarian. Created EF Schumacher Soc & Voluntown Peace Trust. Wife Marjorie Swann Edwin.
1918-2007 – Kurt Waldheim – Wehrmacht intelligence officer during WW-II (causing controversy in 1985). Diplomat. 4th UN Secretary General 1972-1981.
1918-2008 – Maharishi Mahesh Yogi – Guru. Developed Transcendental Meditation (TM) & Global Country of World Peace (GCWP). Lives in Fairfield, Iowa.
1918-2013 – Nelson Mandela – Anti-apartheid activist. Pres of S.Africa 1994-99.
1918-Alive – Gordon Kiyoshi Hirabayashi – Conscientious objector. Lost case against Japanese internment in 1943 but exonerated in 1987.
1919-1943 – Mordechai Abniewicz – Instrumental in the first act of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Subject of monuments in Israel & Poland.
1919-1943 – Kristaq Tutulani – Student & Communist. Captured in anti-Nazi resistance with sister Margarite. Shot & hanged at age 24.
1919-1995 – William Kunstler – Self-described “radical lawyer” & civil rights activist. Co-founder of Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR).
1919-1995 – Madalyn Murray O’Hair – Atheist activist. Founded American Atheists. Sued to end official Bible-reading in public schools. Murdered.
1919-2000 – Pierre Trudeau – Prime Minister of Canada 1968-79 & 1980-84. Worked for peace.
1919-2001 – James W. Bristah – Founded Swords Into Plowshares Peace Center & Gallery, Detroit, Michigan (USA), in 1986.
1919-2005 – Fred Korematsu – Civil rights activist. Objected to internment of Japanese Americans during World War II. January 30 is Fred Korematsu Day in California.
1919-2006 – Desmond Doss – Seventh Day Adventist. First US conscientious objector to receive Medal of Honor & one of only three so honored.
1919-2010 – Gene Knudsen Hoffman – Counselor, poet, actress, writer & international peacemaker. Founded Compassionate Listening.
1919-2010 – Walter Isard – Principal founder of Regional Science & a main founder of Peace Science.
1919-2010 – Bill Sutherland – Pacifist & liberation advocate. “Unofficial ambassador between Africa & the Americas for over 50 years.”
1919-2013 – Doris Lessing – Novelist, poet, playwright, librettist, biographer & short story writer. Awarded Nobel Prize in Literature.
1919-2014 – Pete Seeger – Iconic folk singer & social activist. Rang Japanese Peace Bell at United Nations
1919-Alive – Frances Crowe – Peace activist pacifist from the Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts
1920-1969 – Eduardo Mondlane – Anthropologist. Sociology professor at Syracuse University. President of FRELIMO from 1962. Assassinated in Dar-es-Salaam.
1920-1992 – Isaac Asimov – Biochemist & humanist. Wrote >500 books & about 90,000 letters. One of the “Big Three” science fiction writers.
1920-1997 – Benno Premsela – Designer. Helped form world’s first gay rights organization (COC) in 1946. Came out on TV in 1964.
1920-1998 – Bella Savitsky Abzug – Lawyer, Congresswoman, social activist. Founded National Women’s Political Caucus w/Gloria Steinem & Betty Friedan in 1971.
1920-1998 – Harold Josephson – Prof of History, Univ of North Carolina Charlotte. Published “Biographical dictionary of modern peace leaders” in 1985.
1920-1999 – James L. Farmer, Jr. – Co-founded Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) in 1942.
1920-2002 – Kenneth McCaleb – Flew B-17’s over Germany & did nuclear work in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Donated $150,000 in 1998 to establish the “McCaleb Initiative for Peace.”
1920-2006 – Peter Brock – Peace historian at University of Toronto. Specialized in history of pacifism & Eastern Europe.
1920-2009 – Janet Rosenburg Jagen – American from Chicago. Wife of Cheddi Jagen (qv). President of Guyana 1997-1999.
1920-2009 – Kimani Maruge – Mau Mau freedom fighter. Holds Guinness World Record as oldest person to start primary school (at age 84). Spoke to United Nations.
1920-2010 – Elise M. Boulding – Important scholar & activist in multiple fields. Wife of Kenneth Boulding (qv).
1920-Alive – Javier Pérez de Cuéllar – Diplomat. 5th Secretary General of the United Nations 1982-1991. Member of Club de Madrid.
1920-Alive – Bemjamin Ferencz – Lawyer. US Army Prosecutor of the Einsatzgruppen Trial in Nuremberg at age 26. Vocal advocate of Intl Criminal Court in The Hague.
1920-Alive – Thomas Szasz – Psychiatrist. Criticized modern medicine. Co-founded Citizens Commission on Human Rights (CCHR).
1921-1943 – Sophie Scholl – Student. Opposed Hilter in non-violent White Rose resistance group. Executed with her brother Hans.
1921-1976 – Zuzu Angel – Fashion designer. Famous for opposing Brazilian military dictatorship after forced disappearance of her son Stuart. Killed in suspicious car crash.
1921-1989 – Andrei Sakharov – Nuclear physicist. Dissident & human rights advocate. Husband of Yelena Bonner (qv).
1921-1990 – William Appleman Williams – Revisionist historian of American diplomacy. Called “the favorite historian of the Middle American New Left.”
1921-1992 – Alex Haley – Author. Wrote “The Autobiography of Malcolm X” in 1965 & “Roots” in 1976.
1921-1997 – Paulo Freire – Educator & theorist of critical pedagogy. Wrote “Pedagogy of the Oppressed” in 1970. Published conversation with Myles Horton (qv).
1921-2005 – Peter Benenson – Lawyer. Founded Amnesty International in 1961. Coined term Prisoner of Conscience.
1921-2006 – Betty Friedan – Feminist activist. Wrote “The Feminine Mystique.” Founded NOW & Women’s Strike for Equality. 1975 w/Henry Morgentaler
1921-2011 – Matthew J. Perry – First Black from Deep South to be Federal judge. (Born in Columbia, SC. Appointed by Jimmy Carter.)
1921-2012 – Young Seek Choue – Founding chancellor of Kyung Hee University (1949). Founder of university’s Graduate Institute of Peace Studies (1984).
1921-Alive – Garry Davis – Peace activist. Renounced US citizenship in Paris in 1948. Created first “World Passport.” Began “World Citizen Radio” at age 91.
1921-2016 – Daniel Berrigan – RC priest, peace activist & Christian anarchist. Brother of Philip Berrigan (qv).
1921-2013 – Gene Glick. Real estate “mogul.” With wife Marilyn built Glick Peace Walk in Indianapolis (“a homage to peace in a city whose icon is Soldiers’ & Sailors’ Monument”).
1921-Alive – Macy Morse – Peace activist. Helped create NH People Concerned About the War in Vietnam. Participated in Avco Plowshares. Entered office of Secretary of State in 1981.
1921-Alive – Joseph Lowery. 3rd pres. of So. Christian Leadership Conf. Husband of Evelyn Gibson Lowery (qv).
1921-Alive – Bernard Lown – Cardiologist. Founded Physicians for Social Responsibility & Intl Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War.
1922-1992 – Ernesto Balducci – Catholic priest and peace activist.
1922-1995 – Yitzhak Rabin. – Israel PM 1974-77 & 1992-95. Signed Oslo Accords in 1993. 1994 with Yasser Arafat & Shimon Peres
1922-1996 – Thomas Kuhn – Professor of the history of science. Published “The Structure of Scientific Revolutions” in 1962.
1922-2001 – Leon Sullivan – Civil rights leader & anti-Apartheid activist.
1922-2007 – Kurt Vonnegut – Writer. Wrote “Slaughterhouse-Five” in 1969. Honorary president of American Humanist Association.
1922-2010 – Howard Zinn – History professor & activist. Wrote “A People’s History of the US” in 1980. Worked two days before he died.
1922-2011 – Fred L. Shuttlesworth – Minister & civil rights leader. Co-founded Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
1922-2012 – James Gower – Catholic priest & peace activist. Active in Pax Christi. Co-founded College of the Atlantic (1969) which teaches”human ecology.”
1922-2012 – George McGovern – Historian, US Senator & Democratic Party presidential nominee in 1972. “Exemplar of modern American liberalism.” Opposed US in Vietnam War.
1922-2014 – Hitoshi Motoshima – Mayor of Nagasaki 1979-95. Said Emperor Hirohito bore some responsibility for WW-II & Japan deserved atomic bombings.
1922-2016 – Boutros Boutros-Ghali – UN Secretry General 1992-1997. Issued “An Agenda for Peace” in 1992.
1922-Alive – James F. Colaianni – Author, publisher, first anti-Napalm organizer.
1923-1967 – Lorenzo Milani – Roman Catholic Priest. Educator of poor children & an advocate of conscientious objection.
1923-2002 – Philip Berrigan – RC priest. Peace activist. Brother of Daniel Berrigan (qv). Married Elizabeth McAlister (qv).
1923-2009 – Ed Grothus – Machinist. Protested US atomic bombs.
1923-2011 – Yelena Bonner – Nurse. Human rights advocate. Exiled to Gorky. Wife of Andrei Sakharov (qv).
1923-2011 – Hushang Ansary – Diplomat, businessman & philanthropist. Paid for roof (Amsary Peace Dove) of US Institute of Peace in 2011.
1923-2012 – Jozef Goldblat – Diplomat. Preeminent authority on law of arms control & disarmament. On staff of Stockholm Intl Peace Research Inst (SIPRI).
1923-2012 – Amy Swerdlow – Historian & peace activist. Director of Women’s Studies at Sarah Lawrence College. A founder of Women Strike for Peace (WSP).
1923-2014 – Nadine Gordimer – Writer & political activist. Active in anti-apartheid & HIV/AIDS causes. Received 1991 Nobel Prize in Literature.
1923-2016 – Robert Hinde – Leader of British Pugwash. Succeeded Joseph Rotblat as president of Movement for the Abolition of War (MAW). Info courtesy of Peter van den Dungen.
1923-Alive – Uri Avnery – Peace activist & journalist. Two-time member of Knesset. Founded Gush Shalom in 1993. Received Right Livelihood Award.
1923-Alive – Henry Morgentaler – Physician. Prominent pro-choice advocate who has fought numerous legal battles for that cause. 1975 w/Betty Friedan
1923-Alive – Robert Muller – “Philosopher of the UN.” Founded UN University for Peace in 1980 in Costa Rica.
1923-Alive – Juanita Nelson – Activist & war tax resister. Co-founded Peacemakers in 1948. Wrote “A Matter of Freedom & Other Writings” in 1988.
1924-1943 – Margarite Tutulani – Student. Captured in anti-Nazi resistance with brother Kristaq (journalist & PKSH member). Shot & hanged at age 19.
1924-1993 – E.P.Thompson – Historian, socialist & peace campaigner. Wrote “The Making of the English Working Class” in 1963.
1924-1997 – Danilo Dolci – Sociologist, educator & poet. Opposed poverty & the Mafia. Promoted non-violence. Called “The Gandhi of Sicily.”
1924-2003 – Ernst B. Haas – Political scientist. Authority on international relations theory. Founder of neofunctionalism.
1924-2006 – Anne Braden – Civil rights advocate in Kentucky. Worked to desegregate hospitals & housing.
1924-2006 – Wiliam Sloane Coffin – Chaplain at Yale University. President of SANE/FREEZE (now Peace Action).
1924-2008 – Pierre Weil – Psychologist, author & educator. Founded City of Peace Foundation in Brazil in 1986.
1924-2010 – Paul Conrad – LA Times political cartoonist. Syndicated worldwide. Designed “Chain Reaction” (anti-nuclear mushroom cloud).
1924-2011 – Samuel Ruiz Garcia – Catholic liberation theologian. Bishop & peacemaker in Chiapas (Mexico).
1924-2012 – Paul Fussell – Cultural & literary historian, author & professor. Wrote “The Great War & Modern Memory” (1975) & other books about World Wars I & II.
1924-2012 – Robert S. Yasui – Japanese-American physician. Interned during WW-II. Erected Peace Tower in Williamsport, PA.
1924-Alive? – Mary Berg – American citizen, Holocaust survivor & author. Witnessed Warsaw Ghetto & published book about it in 1944. Later refused interviews & disappeared.
1924-Alive – Irvin J. Borowsky – Publisher & philanthropist. Founded National Liberty Museum in Philadelphia in 2000.
1924-Alive – Jimmy Carter – Navy officer, peanut farmer & Georgia Governor. 39th US President. Founded Carter Center 1982.
1924-Alive – C. T. Vivian – Minister, author & close friend & lieutenant of Martin Luther King, Jr., during Civil Rights Movement.
1924-Alive – Gerda Weissmann Klein – Author, humanitarian, historian & inspirational speaker. Holocaust survivor. Academy Award. Pres Medal of Freedom 2011.
1925-1963 – Medgar Evers – Civil rights worker. Shot & killed in his driveway in Jackson, Mississippi, on June 12, 1963, by a member of the White Citizens’ Council.
1925-1965 – Viola Liuzzo – Civil rights volunteer. Murdered just after voting rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama.
1925-1968 – Robert F. Kennedy – US attorney general 1961-1964 & senator 1965-1968. Assassinated (2 months after MLK) in Los Angeles while running for president.
1925-1989 – Malcolm X – Muslim minister & militant human rights activist. Gunned down at meeting in NY City.
1925-1989 – John T. Walker – First African American bishop of Episcopal Diocese of Washington, DC. Arrested while protesting apartheid at South African Embassy.
1925-1998 – Aki Kurose – Japanese-American educator in Seattle. Pacifist & peace activist, Inturned during WW-II.
1925-2006 – Sidney Hinkes – Priest & peace campaigner. Became pacifist during 1956 Suez War in 1956. In first Aldermaston March (1958). Became chair of Christian CND in 1964.
1925-2009 – Kim Dae-jung – President of South Korea 1998-2003, Called “Nelson Mandela of Asia.”
1925-2011 – Frank Kameny – Led “Herculean struggle” after being fired in 1957 for being gay. Filed 1st civil rights claim based on sexual orientation.
1925-2012 – Paul Kurtz – Philosophy professor & skeptic. “Father of secular humanism.” Founded Council for Secular Humanism.
1925-Alive – Nat Hentoff – Historian, novelist, jazz & country music critic. Civil libertarian, free speech activist, anti-death penalty & anti-abortion.
1926-1960 – María Argentina Minerva Mirabal Reyes – Opposed dictator Rafael Trujillo. Assassinated by his henchmen along with two of her three sisters.
1926-1987 – Margaret Laurence – Novelist. Outspoken supporter of peace, women’s rights & other progressive causes.
1926-1997 – Allen Ginsberg – Poet. Leading figure of Beat Generation & counterculture. Opposed militarism, economic materialism & sexual repression. Wrote “Howl.”
1926-2001 – Samuel H. Day, Jr. – Journalist. Free speech & anti-nuclear activist. Founded Nukewatch.
1926-1990 – Ralph Abernathy – Civil rights movement (USA).
1926-1998 – Vasili Arkhipov – Soviet naval officer & “the man who saved the world.” Cast single vote preventing a nuclear strike & all out nuclear war during Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962.
1926-2012 – Jesse Hill, Jr. – Cvil rights leader, business executive & actuary. Confidant of Martin Luther King, Jr. Helped desegregate Georgia University System.
1926-2012 – Sr. Anne Montgomery, RSCJ – Christian Peacemaker Teams (CPT), original Plowshares 8 at King of Prussia 1980 & Disarm Now Plowshares at Trident sub base 2009.
1926-Alive – Jim Bohlen – Engineer. Peace activist in British Columbia (Canada). Helped found Greenpeace.
1926-Alive – Thich Nhat Hanh – Monk, teacher, author, poet & peace activist now based in France.
1926-Alive – Sanford Gottlieb – Executive Director of SANE.
1926-Alive – Frieda Menco – Knew Anne Frank in Amsterdam, Westerbork & Auschwitz. Interviewed in “Amsterdam” by Russell Shorto.
1926-Alive – Peter G. Peterson – Businessman, investment banker, fiscal conservative, author & politician. Founded Peter G. Peterson Foundation in 2008.
1927-1965 – James Reeb – UU minister. Killed in Selma, Alabama, while supporting Black voting rights.
1927-1986 – Olof Palme – Two-term prime minister. UN mediator in Iran–Iraq War. Steadfast in non-alignment & against apartheid in South Africa. Assassinated.
1927-1989 – Edward Abbey – Author. “Thoreau of the American West.”
1927-1993 – César Chávez – Labor leader & civil rights activist. Co-founded National Farm Workers Association. Husband of Helen Chávez (qv).
1927-1997 – John Howard Yoder – Mennonite theologian, ethicist, Bible professor at Goshen College, radical pacifist. Wrote “The Politics of Jesus” in 1972.
1927-2006 – Coretta Scott King – Wife of Martin Luther King, Jr.
1927-2008 – Abie Nathan – Humanitarian & peace activist. Operated Voice of Peace radio station offshore Tel Aviv 1973-1993.
1927-2012 – Larry Ross – Founded NZ Nuclear Weapon Free Zone Cte in 1981, achieving 105 nuclear free zones & leading to the Nuclear Free Zone Act of 1987.
1927-2013 – Evelyn Gibson Lowery. Wife of Joseph Lowery (qv). Has erected many monuments honoring individudal civil rights leaders.
1927-Alive – Lyudmila Alexeyeva – Historian, leading human rights activist, founding member of the Moscow Helsinki Watch Group.
1927-Alive – Carl Coon – Foreign Service Officer. US Ambassador to Nepal. VP of American Humanist Association. Essayist.
1927-Alive – Simone Veil – Politician. Survivor of Auschwitz. Honorary President of Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Shoah.
1928-1944 – Petr Ginz – Wrote an Esperanto-Czech dictionary. Gassed at Auschwitz age 16. His moon drawing carried aboard Space Shuttle Columbia.
1928-1985 – William Stringfellow – Lawyer, lay theologian & social activist. Harbored fugitive Daniel Berrigan (qv).
1928-2003 – Joan B. Kroc – Philanthropist. Third wife of McDonald’s founder Ray Kroc. Endowed institutes for peace studies at Universities of Notre Dame & San Diego.
1928-2007 – Sherwin T. Wine – Rabbi. Founded first congregation of Humanistic Judaism in 1963 & Society for Humanistic Judaism in 1969.
1928-2014 – Shirley Temple Black – Child movie star from 1932. US ambassador to Ghana 1974-1976 & Czechoslovakia 1989-1992.
1928-2014 – Maya Angelou – Poet. Wrote “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” (1969) & 6 other autobiographies.
1928-2016 – Larry Egbert – Anesthesiologist. Physicians for Social Responsibility. Final Exit Network. Acquitted in Arizona. Husband of Ellen Barfield.
1928-2016 – Elie Weisel – “Messenger to mankind.” Professor & holocaust survivor.
1928-Alive – Blase Bonpane. Activist. Former Maryknoll priest. Co-founded Office of the Americas with wife Theresa in 1983.
1928-Alive – Hans Blix – Diplomat & Liberal People’s Party politician. Head of UN Weapons Monitoring, Verification & Inspection Commission 2000-2003.
1928-Alive – Helen Fabela Chávez – Labor activist. Arrested four times. Wife of César Chávez [1927-1993] (qv).
1928-Alive – Noam Chomsky – Cognitive scientist at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. “A father of modern linguistics, political dissident & anarchist.”
1928-Alive – Daisaku Ikeda – Author & president of Soka Gakkai International (SGI). Founder of several educational, cultural & peace research institutions.
1928-Alive – James Lawson – Civil rights movement (USA).
1928-Alive – Charles A. Reich – Social scholar. Yale Law School professor. Wrote paean to the 1960’s counterculture & youth movement “The Greening of America” in 1970.
1928-Alive – Gene Sharp – “The greatest theorist of nonviolence since Gandhi.”
1928-Alive – Jean Vanier – Catholic philosopher turned theologian, humanitarian & founder of L’Arche, an international federation of group homes for people with developmental disabilities.
1929-1945 – Anne Frank – Holocaust victim. Died of typhus at age 16 in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. Famous for diary published in 1947.
1929-1968 – Martin Luther King, Jr. – Iconic figure in the advancement of civil rights.
1929-1995 – Arna Mer-Khamis – Human rights activist. Mother of Juliano Mer-Khamis (qv). “Arna’s Children” shows her work at Freedom Theatre in Jenin (West Bank).
1929-2003 – Dorothee Sölle – Writer & liberation theologian. Coined the term Christofascism in 1970 to describe fundamentalists.
1929-2009 – Franz Deutsch – Founded the First Austrian Peace Museum, Wolfsegg (Austria), in 1993.
1929-2011 – Vang Pao – General. Ended forced repatriation of Laotian refugees. Opposed human rights abuses in Laos.
1929-2012 – Sr. Rosalie Bertell – Nun. “Raised public awareness about destruction of biosphere & human gene pool, especially by low-level radiation.”
1929-2012 – Adrienne Rich – Poet, essayist & feminist. Credited with bringing “the oppression of women & lesbians to the forefront of poetic discourse.”
1929-2012 – Thomas Wechs, Jr. – Founded Peace Museum-Lindau 1980, Peace History Museum-Bad Hindelang 1999 & on-line Friedenshistorisches Museum-Augsburg 2009.
1929-2014 – Luis Nieves Falcón – Sociologist, scholar, writer, lawyer & activist for human & civil rights. Campaigned to release Puerto Rican political prisoners in USA.
1929-2017 – Glenn Paige – Professor of political science at the University of Hawai‘i. Developed concept of nonkilling. Chair of Governing Council of the Center for Global Nonkilling (CGNK).
1929-Alive – Krishna Ahooja-Patel – Gandhian. Worked for International Labor Organization 1962-1987. President of WILPF.
1929-Alive – Evgueni Chazov – Cardiologist. Co-founded International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) in 1980.
1929-Alive – Israel Si Dresner – President of Education Fund for Israeli Civil Rights & Peace. Friend of MLK, Jr. Called “the most arrested rabbi in America.”
1929-Alive – Ralph Dull – Co-founded Dayton International Peace Museum, Dayton, Ohio (USA), in 2005, with wife Christine Ralph Dull.
1929-Alive – Jules Feiffer – Cartoonist. “Particularly unyielding in his attack on LBJ’s Vietnam politics & on Richard Nixon, his most constant target.”
1929-Alive – Murray Gell-Mann – Physicist & linguist. Developed study of complexity. A founder of the Santa Fe Institute.
1929-Alive – Bruce Kent – Priest. Gen Sec of Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament 1980-85. Married Valerie Flessati (qv) in 1988.
1929-Alive – Staughton Lynd – Radical & author. Subject of “The Admirable Radical: Staughton Lynd & Cold War Dissent, 1945-1970.”
1929-Alive – David McReynolds – “Peace movement bureaucrat.” Worked 40-years for Liberation magazine & War Resisters League. First gay man to run for President.
1929-Alive – Betty A. Reardon – Founded Peace Education Center at Teachers College (Columbia Univ) & Intl Institute on Peace Education.
1929-Alive – Maurice Strong – Oil executive. First Exec Director of UN Environment Programme. President of Council of UN University for Peace.
1929-Alive – Edwin O. Wilson – Sociobiologist & myrmecologist (study of ants). Pulitzer Prize for Non-Fiction. Known forsecular-humanist & deist ethics.
1930-1978 – Harvey Milk – Politician. First openly gay man to be elected to public office in California. Assassinated.
1930-1986 – Barry Mitcalfe – Leader of the New Zealand movement against the Vietnam War. After the war ended he became a leader of the New Zealand anti-nuclear movement.
1930-2006 – Norma Becker – Chaired War Resisters League 1977-1983. Founded 5th Avenue Vietnam Peace Parade Cte & Mobilization for Survival coalition.
1930-2009 – Chrles Morgan, Jr. – Civil right lawyer. Incurred hatred by telling Birmingham day after 4 girls were killed that “we are all guilty.”
1930-2010 – Lucius Walker – Baptist minister. ExecDir of Interreligious Foundation for Community Organization in 1960’s. Persistent advocate for ending the US embargo against Cuba.
1930-2013 – Chinua Achebe – Novelist. Best known for “Things Fall Apart” (1959). Supported Occupy Nigeria in 2012.
1930-Alive – Warren Buffett – Investor. World’s richest person. Pledged 10 million Berkshire Hathaway Class B shares to Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation in 2006.
1930-Alive – Derek Humphry – Euthanasia advocate. Founded Hemlock Society in 1980 & ERGO in 1993. Advisor to Final Exit Network.
1930-Alive – Johan Galtung – Called “Father of Peace Studies.” Helped found the Intl Peace Research Inst (PRIO) in 1959.
1930-Alive – Hildegard Goss-Mayr – Hon. president of Intl FOR. Sponsor of Intl Decade for Culture of Peace. Wife of Jean Goss (qv).
1930-Alive – Bishop Thomas Gumbleton – Roman Catholic auxiliary bishop in Detroit. Founded Pax Christi USA in 1972.
1930-Alive – Dolores Huerta – Labor leader & civil rights activist who, along with César Chávez, co-founded United Farm Workers (UFW).
1930-Alive – Megan Rice – Nun. One of 3 Transform Now Plowshares activists who cut fence in 2012 at Y12 National Security Complex & painted protests on Highly Enriched Uranium Facility.
1930-Alive – Paul Rogers – Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford (England).
1930-Alive – Marshall Sahlins – Anthopologist at Univ of Chicago. Protested Vietnam War. Resigned 2013 from National Academy of Science in part due to its work w/US military.
1930-Alive – Eve Tetaz – Public-school teacher. Peace & justice activist. Arrested 11 times in 2007 for nonviolent civil resistance during protests against the war & occupation of Iraq.
1930-Alive – Michael True. – Professor at Assumption College. President of International Peace Research Assn.
1930-Alive – Tomijiro Yoshida – Businessman. Founded World Peace Bell Association in 1982. Has placed 5 World Peace Bells in Japan & one in each of 15 other countries.
1931-2005 – Dorothy Stang – Sister of Notre Dame de Namur. Outspoken on behalf of the poor & environment. Received death threats & murdered in Amazon Basin.
1931-2011 – Jean-Claude Bajeux – Professor of Caribbean literature. Political activist. Director of Ecumenical Center for Human Rights.
1931-2011 – Clive Rosher – Political activist. A founder of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND).
1931-2012 – Marv Davidov – Activst & professor of nonviolence. Founded the Honeywell Project c.1968.
1931-2013 – David Hartman – Rabbi & philosopher. Moved to Israel in 1971 & founded Shalom Hartman Institute. Helped build a more pluralistic & tolerant Israeli society.
1931-2014 – Vincent Harding – Historian, professor of religion & social activist. Knew & wrote about Martin Luther King, Jr.
1931-Alive – Fernando Henrique Cardosa – Sociologist & professor. President of Brazil 1995-2003.
1931-Alive – Daniel Ellsberg – US military analyst. Leaked the Pentagon Papers about the Viet Nam War in 1971.
1931-Alive – Adolfo Perez Esquivel – Sculptor, architect & pacifist. Protested against FTAA & Argentine paramilitary squads.
1931-Alive – Billy Frank, Jr. – Environmental leader & advocate of Native American treaty rights.
1931-Alive – Mikhail Gorbachev – Last head of state of USSR 1988-91.
1931-Alive – Martin Harwit – Astronomer. Headed National Air & Space Museum but forced to resign in 1995 over proposed display of Hiroshima bomber Enola Gay.
1931-Alive – Toni Morrison – Novelist, editor & professor at Princeton University. Wrote “Beloved” in 1987 about a slave.
1931-Alive – Pierre Nora – Intellectual. Criticized “pieds noirs” in Algeria. Editor of multi-volume “Les Lieux de Mémoire” (“Rethinking France”).
1931-Alive – Peng Qi’An – Victim of Cultural Revolution 1966-76. Founded Cultural Revolution Museum in Shantou in 2005.
1931-Alive – Pete Stark – Member of Congress since 1973. Early opponent of Iraq War. First openly atheist member of Congress.
1931-Alive – Bishop Desmond Tutu – Anti-apartheid activist. First black Archbishop.
1931-Alive – Shigeko Yoshino Uppuluri – Born in Kyoto. Lived in Shanghai 1936-45. Worked to acquire International Friendship Bell in Oak Ridge (USA).
1932-1985 – Diane Fossey – Primatologist. Studied mountain gorillas of Rwanda for 18 years. Murdered in Ruhengeri by unknown assailants.
1932-1996 – Henri Nouwen – Dutch-born Catholic priest. Worked with mentally challenged people. Wrote 40 books about spirituality.
1932-2001 – David McTaggart – Athelete & environmentalist. Helped found Greenpeace International. Sailed own boat in 1972 to protest French nuclear weapons testing in the Pacific.
1932-2008 – Miriam Makeba – Singer & civil rights activist. First artist from Africa to popularize African music in US & around the world. Campaigned against apartheid.
1932-Alive – Dennis Banks – Native American. Depicted on peace mural in St. Paul, Minnesota (USA).
1932-Alive – Branko Lustig – Auschwitz survivor. Film producer, eg Schlindler’s List. Honored for Holocaust education. Celebrated bar mitzvah at Auschwitz in 2011.
1932-Alive – Cornelio Sommaruga – Humanitarian, lawyer & diplomat. Pres of the Intl Cte of Red Cross ICRC) 1987-99. Chair of Geneva Intl Ctr Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD).
1932-Alive – Father Louie Vitale – Priest & anti-nuclear activist. Co-founded protest group Nevada Desert Experience in 1983. Arrested more than 400 times.
1932-Alive – Andrew Young – Disciple of MLK, Jr. Congressman. US Rep to UN. Mayor of Atlanta.
1933-1999 – Eqbal Ahmad – Journalist, teacher & anti-war activist. Taught in USA. Criticized US Middle East strategy & the “twin curse” of nationalism & religious fanaticism.
1933-2007 – Andrzej Werner – Journalist, trade specialist & social activist. Founder of Jean de Bloch Foundation in Warsaw.
1933-Alive – Louis Appignani – Owned Barbizon Intl Modeling & Computer Education Inc. Funded Appignani Center for Bioethics & Appignani Humanist Legal Center.
1933-Alive – Ela Ramesh Bhatt – Founded Self-Employed Women’s Assn (SEWA) in 1972. Recd Niwano Peace Prize in 2010.
1933-Alive – Werner Fornos – President of The Population Insitute. “The foremost spokesman on global population issues.”
1933-Alive – Giuseppe Grattapaglia – FIAT executive. Works at Bona Espero in Brazil since 1974. Secretary of Esperanto Rotarian Fellowship (RADE).
1933-Alive – Ursula Grattapaglia – Esperantist. Works at Bona Espero in Brazil since 1974. Active in Esperanto Rotarian Fellowship (RADE).
1933-Alive – George J. Mitchell – US Senator. Negotiated “Good Friday” peace agreement in Ireland.
1933-Alive – Yoko Ono – Artist, musician, author & peace activist. Known for avant-garde art, marriage to John Lennon (qv) & several peace monuments.
1933-Alive – Colin Scott – Bishop of Hulme 1984-1998. Prominent member of Anglican Pacifist Fellowship.
1933-Alive – Sulak Sivaraksa – Initiator of social, humanitarian, ecological & spiritual movements, eg Intl Network of Engaged Buddhists.
1933-Alive – Steven Weinberg – Theoretical physicist.
1934-1996 – Carl Sagan – Astronomer, astrophysicist, cosmologist, author, science popularizer. Broadcast Cosmos: A Personal Voyage in 1980.
1934-2002 – Yayori Matsui – Journalist & women’s rights activist. Founded Women’s Active Museum of War and Peace in Tokyo in 2005.
1934-Alive – Wendell Barry – Prolific novelist, poet, environmental activist, cultural critic & farmer.
1934-Alive – Lakhdar Brahimi – Diplomat & UN adviser. Member of Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor & Global Leadership Foundation.
1934-Alive – Lester R. Brown – Environmentalist. Founded Worldwatch Institute in 1974 & Earth Watch Institute in 2001.
1934-Alive – Peter Dougherty – Catholic priest. Founded Michigan Peace Team in 1993. Received ‘Intl Award for promoting Gandhian values outside India.’
1934-Alive – Christine Dull – Co-founded Dayton Interntional Peace Museum, Dayton, Ohio (USA), in 2005, with husband Ralph Dull.
1934-Alive – Marjorie Swann Edwin – Nuclear resister. Co-founded Cte for Nonviolent Action in 1957. Wife of Robert Swann (qv).
1934-Alive – Arun Gandhi – Grandson of Mahatma Gandhi. Founded M.K. Gandhi Institute of Nonviolence (USA).
1934-Alive – Susan George – Political scientist. Anti-war & anti-corporate activist. Pres of Transnational Institute in Amsterdam.
1934-Alive – Jane Goodall – Primatologist, ethologist, anthropologist & UN Messenger of Peace. World’s foremost expert on chimpanzees.
1934-Alive – Bill Moyers – Liberal television commentator. A trenchant critic of the US media.
1934-Alive – Ralph Nader – Attorney, author, lecturer, political activist & four-time candidate for US president.
1934-Alive – Mark Pilisuk – Academic. Expert on poverty. Co-edited 3-volume “Peace Movements Worldwide” with Michael Nagler (qv).
1934-Alive – Marcus Raskin – Social critic, political activist, author & philosopher. Works for progressive social change.
1934-Alive – Gloria Steinem – Feminist & journalist. Social & political activist. Leader of women’s liberation movement in the late 1960’s & 1970’s.
1934-Alive – Cora Weiss – President of International Peace Bureau & Hague Appeal for Peace. Daughter & heir of philanthropist Samuel Rubin.
1935-2003 – Edward Said – Palestinian-American literary theorist & advocate for Palestinian rights. A founding figure in post colonialism.
1935-2005 – Elmer Maas – Philosophy professor & anti-war activist. One of the Plowshares Eight in 1980.
1935-2009 – Millard Fuller – Founded Habitat for Humanity, Americus, Georgia (USA), in 1976.
1935-2009 – Marilyn Clement – Executive Director of Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) 1976-1989. Founder of Healthcare NOW!
1935-2011 – Jackie Hudson – Dominican Sister. Missioned to Ground Zero Center for Nonviolent Action near Bangor Trident Naval Base. Arrested at Y-12 in 2010.
1935-2012 – Walter Wink – Theologian. Coined “Myth of redemptive violence.” Contributed to discourse on homosexuality & religion, pacifism, psychology & Biblical studies.
1935-Alive – Gerard Cafesjian – Businessman & philanthropist. Gave $17.5 million for Armenian Genocide Museum of America in Washington, DC (USA).
1935-Alive – 14th Dalai Lama – Spiritual leader. Exiled from Tibet in 1959.
1935-Alive – Rajmohan Gandhi – Grandson of Mahatma Gandhi. Wrote “Mohandas: A True Story of a Man, His People…”
1935-Alive – Jack Gilroy – Veteran & teacher. Sentenced 90-days for protesting US drone attacks at Hancock Air National Guard Base.
1935-Alive – Richard D. Lamm – College professor & lawyer. Governor of Colorado 1975–1987. Co-Director of Public Policy Studies, University of Denver.
1935-Alive – Janet Rae Johnson Mondlane – Wife of Eduardo Mondlane. Co-founder of FRELIMO “Godmother of the Mozambique Revolution”
1935-Alive – Don Tilley – Operated Prairie Peace Park, Seward, Nebraska (USA), 1994-2005.
1935-Alive – Peter Watkins – Film & TV director. Pioneer of docudrama. Made Colloden, Edvard Munch, La Commune & “The Journey” (14.5 hrs about the arms race) in 1987.
1936-1994 – James Stoll – First ordained minister of any religion in USA or Canada (& possibly the entire world) to come out as gay.
1936-1995 – Mary Moylan – Nurse-midwife. Worked in Uganda. “Most elusive” of the Catonsville Nine in 1968. Remained in hiding until 1979.
1936-2005 – Dahlia Ravikovitch – Poet, translator & peace activist. Her poetry has been translated into 23 languages.
1936-2008 – Nader Khalili – Architect, writer & humanitarian. Invented Superadobe. Translated Persian poetry.
1936-2009 – Mary Travers – Social activist. Member of trio Peter, Paul and Mary.
1936-2011 – Václav Havel – Playwright, essayist, poet, dissident & politician. Czech president 1989-2003. Chair Human Rights Foundation. Pres Medal of Freedom 2003.
1936-2011 – Gustavo Parajon – Medical doctor & pastor of First Baptist Church in Managua. Peace mediator with John Paul Lederach.
1936-2014 – Marion Barry – Civil rights leader in Nashville & Knoxville. First chair of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Later disgraced when mayor of Washington, DC.
1936-2015 – Anthony Bing – Professor of English & peace studies. President of Peace & Justice Studies Assn. Expert in the Israel/Palestine conflict.
1936-2016 – Concepcion Picciotto – Lived in a peace camp opposite the White House since 1981. Longest protest in US history.
1936-Alive – Gar Alperovitz – Professor of political economy. Wrote “Decision To Use the Atomic Bomb,” “Making a Place for Community,” “America Beyond Capitalism” & “Unjust Deserts.”
1936-Alive – Morris Dees – Co-founded Southern Poverty Law Center, Montgomery, Alabama (USA), in 1971.
1936-Alive – Wes Jackson – Chaired one of 1st environmental studies programs in US. Founded Land Institute in 1976.
1936-Alive – Joel Kovel – Scholar & author. Critic of capialism, war, Zionism, environmentalism, etc.
1936-Alive – Robert Scheer – Journalist. Editor of Ramparts & Truthdig. Opposed war in Vietnam.
1936-Alive – Olzhas Suleimenov – Poet, Kazakhstani politician & Soviet anti-nuclear activist. Led establishment in 1989 of Nevada-Semipalatinsk to abolish nuclear test sites in USA & USSR.
1936-Alive – David Suzuki – Academic, science broadcaster & environmental activist.
1936-Alive – A. B. Yehoshua – Novelist, playwright & professor. Active in Israeli Peace Movement. Attended signing of Geneva Accord in 2003. Critic of Israeli occupation.
1937-2011 – Facundo Cabral – Argentine folksinger & peace activist. UN Messenger of Peace. Assassinated in Guatemala City.
1937-Alive – Martti Ahtisaari – President of Finland. Helped solve conflicts in Namibia, Indonesia, Kosovo, Iraq, etc.
1937-Alive – Riane Eisler – Scholar, writer & social activist. President of Center for Partnership Studies.
1937-Alive – Jane Fonda – Actress. Opposed Wars in Vietnam & Iraq. Co-founded Women’s Media Center in 2005. Wife of Tom Hayden (qv).
1937-Alive – Robert Fulghum – Minister. Wrote “All I Really Need to Know I Learned in Kindergarten” in 1988.
1937-Alive – John Hume – Enabled the the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement of 1998. 1998 with David Trimble
1937-Alive – Sister Mary Dennis Lentsch – Anti-war activist. Emprisoned for protesting at Y-12 bomb plant in Oak Ridge, TN.
1937-Alive – Edward W. Lollis – Foreign Service Officer. Webmaster of Peace Monuments Around the World.
1937-Alive – Marian Marzynski – Documentary filmaker. Survived Warsaw Ghetto. Presented “Never Forget to Lie” on public television in 2013.
1937-Alive – Michael Nagler – Academic & peace activist. Founded Peace & Conflict Studies (PACS) program at UC Berkeley. Brother of Eric Nagler (qv).
1937-Alive – Eleanor Holmes Norton – District of Columbia delegate to US House of Representatives. Civil rights activist. Aide to Bayard Rustin (qv).
1937-Alive – Tom Paxton – Folk singer & songwriter. Involved with causes that promoted human, civil & labor rights. Associated with Pete Seeger (qv).
1937-Alive – Kirkpatrick Sale – Scholar. Writes about environmentalism, luddism, technology & decentralism. Called “Leader of the Neo-Luddites.”
1937-Alive – Tom Smothers – Comedian & singer. Opposed Vietnam War on TV show with brother Dick 1967-69.
1937-Alive – Noel Paul Stookey – Social activist. Member of trio Peter, Paul and Mary.
1938-1994 – Jerry Rubin – Social & anti-war activist in California. One of the “Chicago Eight” in 1968. Killed jay-walking.
1938-1998 – Paul Smoker – Scholar/activist. Analysed peace problems scientifically. Applied them in his own personal life & politics.
1938-2012 – Juan Valdez – Land grant activist in New Mexico. Helped spark the Chicano Civil Rights Movement in the 1960’s.
1938-Alive – Kofi Annan – Diplomat. UN Secretary General 1997-2007. Founded Global AIDS & Health Fund.
1938-Alive – Father Roy Bourgeois – Priest & Human rights activist. Founded School of the Americas Watch (SOA Watch) in 1990 to protest US militarism in Central America.
1938-Alive – Helen Caldicott – Founded Women’s Action for New Directions in 1982.
1938-Alive – Peter Edelman – Lawyer & law professor. Husband of Marian Wright Edelman (qv).
1938-Alive – John Gittings – Author. Known for work on China & Cold War. Guardian corresondent. Wrote “The Glorious Art of Peace: From the Iliad to Iraq” in 2012.
1938-2013 – Aleksander Gudzowaty – Businessman. Gave $4 million for Tolerance Park & Monument on Haas Promenade, Jerusalem, to promote peace & tolerance.
1938-Alive – Saad Eddin Ibrahim – Sociologist & author. Egypt’s leading human rights & democracy activist. Critic of Hosni Mubarak.
1938-Alive – Colman McCarthy – Journalist, teacher, lecturer, pacifist, anarchist & long-time peace activist. Directs Center for Teaching Peace in Washington, DC.
1938-Alive – Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf – First woman freely elected as a head of state in Africa. 2011 with Leymah Gbowee & Tawakul Karman
1938-Alive – Lilly Ledbetter – Plaintiff in employment discrimination case Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. Later became women’s equality activist.
1938-Alive – Joyce Carol Oates – Novelist & atheist. Professor of humanities at Princeton University since 1978.
1938-Alive – Ted Turner – Media mogul & philanthropist. Founded Cable News Network. Gave $1 billion to UN causes. Chairs UN Foundation.
1938-Alive – Peter Yarrow – Social activist. Member of trio Peter, Paul and Mary.
1939-1964 – Michael (Mickey) Schwerner – Civil rights worker. Murdered by Klu Klux Klan near Philadelphia, Mississippi, with James Chaney & Andrew Goodman.
1939-2004 – Toma Sik – “Peace activist, anarchist, libertarian socialist, vegan, world citizen & pioneer of the Israeli-Palestinian search for peace.”
1939-2010 – Arthur Gish – Peace activist, preacher, writer & public speaker. Opposed Vietnam & Iraq Wars. Served on Christian Peacemaker Teams in Hebron & At-tuwani (West Bank).
1939-2012 – Russell Means – Oglala Sioux activist. Leader of American Indian Movement (AIM). Helped lead uprising at Wounded Knee in 1973.
1939-Alive – Margaret Atwood – Poet, novelist, literary critic, essayist & environmental activist. Among the most-honoured authors of fiction in recent history.
1939-Alive – Gro Harlem Brundtland – Physician & diplomat. PM 1986-96. Intl leader in sustainable development & public health.
1939-Alive – Elias Chacour – Archbishop in Haifa (Melkite Eastern Catholic Church). Promotes Arab-Israeli reconciliation. Author of “Blood Brothers.”
1939-Alive – Marian Wright Edelman – Founded Childrens Defense Fund in 1973.
1939-Alive – Bernie Glassman – Zen Buddhist master (roshi). Co-founder of Zen Peacemakers (previously the Zen Peacemaker Order).
1939-2016 – Tom Hayden – Activist in animal rights, anti-war & civil rights movements. Chicago Eight in 1968. Husband of Jane Fonda (qv).
1939-Alive – Rabbi Marvin Hier – Filmmaker. Dean & founder of Simon Wiesenthal Center & its Museum of Tolerance.
1939-Alive – Amos Oz – Novelist & journalist. Prof at Ben-Gurion Univ in Be’er Sheva. Advocate of a 2-state solution to the Palestinian conflict.
1939-Alive – Sister Helen Prejean – Death penalty opponent. Wrote “Dead Man Walking”.
1939-Alive – Lynne Stewart – Attorney. Represented controversial, poor & often unpopular defendants. Sentenced in 2005 for conspiracy & providing material support to terrorists.
1940-1962? – Daniel Amstutz Gerber – Mennonite Central Committee missionary in Vietnam. One of 3 abducted from leprosarium by Viet Cong in 1962 & mssing ever since.
1940-1980 – John Lennon – Singer-songwriter. Original Beatle 1960. Married Yoko Ono (qv) 1969. Wrote “Give Peace a Chance” & “Imagine.”
1940-1994 – Wilma Rudolph – Athlete in 1956 & 1950 Olympic Games. “Fastest woman in the world.” Civil rights & women’s rights pioneer.
1940-2011 – Wangari Maathai – Environmental & political activist. Founded the Green Belt Movement.
1940-2011 – Paul Prebys – Speech Therapist. A founder of Alaskans for Peace & Justice (AKPJ) in Anchorage, Alaska (USA).
1940-2011 – Burhanuddin Rabbani – President of Afghanistan 1992-1996. Assassinated by suicide bomber at home in Kabul. President Hamid Karzai gave him title of “Martyr of Peace”.
1940-Alive – Ikuro Anzai – Physicist. Professor of international affairs. Founded Kyoto Museum for World Peace in 1992. See bibliography.
1940-Alive – Sybila Arredondo – Anthropologist. Imprisoned in Peru as human rights activist.
1940-Alive – Norman Bent – Minister of the Moravian Church of Puerto Cabezas. Member of the Misquito community. Peace mediator with John Paul Lederach (qv).
1940-Alive – Ela Gandhi – Granddaughter of Mahatma Gandhi. Dedicated peace monument in Independence, Missouri (USA).
1940-Alive – Ina May Gaskin – “Mother of Authentic Midwifery.” “The most famous midwife in the world.” Wife of Stephen Gaskin (qv).
1940-Alive – Lawrence Hart – A traditional Cheyenne peace chief. An authority on Cheyenne history & culture.
1940?-Alive – Akio Komatsu – Industrialist. President of Komatsu Electric Industry. Founded Human Nature & Science Institute Foundation in 1994.
1940-Alive – Bernard Lafayette – Civil rights movement (USA).
1940-Alive – John Lewis – Civil rights leader. US Congressman.
1940-Alive – Elizabeth McAlister – Roman Catholic nun. Married Philip Berrigan (qv). Co-founded Jonah House in 1973.
1940-Alive – Vijay Metha – Textile manufacturer. Co-Founded Uniting for Peace w/Philip Noel-Baker (qv). Promoted UN Millennium Development Goals. Wrote “The Economics of Killing.”
1940-Alive – Edmund Morris – Writer. Biographer of Beethoven, Ronald Reagan & Theodore Roosevetl (qv).
1940-Alive – Óscar Rafael de Jesús Arias Sánchez – Pres of Costa Rica. Helped end civil wars in Central America.
1940-Alive – Martin Sheen – Actor. Arrested 66 times for protesting & acts of civil disobedience.
1940-Alive – Nicholas D. Snider – Vice president of United Parcel Service. Founded National Museum of Patriotism in Atlanta, Georgia, based on his collection of sweetheart jewelry.
1940-Alive – Tommy Spree – Nephew of Ernst Friedrich (qv). Reopened Anti-Kriegs/Anti-War Museum in Berlin in 1982.
1940-Alive – Muhammad Yunus – Banker & economist. Founder of Grameen Bank.
1941-1955 – Emmett Till – African-American boy from Chicago. Murdered in Mississippi at age 14 after reportedly flirting with a white woman.
1941-1995 – Ken Saro-Wiwa – Writer, TV producer & environmental activist. Received Right Livelihood Award. Hanged by the military government.
1941-2002 – Stephen Jay Gould – Paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, historian of science & writer of popular science
1941-2010 – Richard Holbrooke – Diplomat. Negotiated Dayton Peace Accords ending war in Bosnia. Helped Dayton Intl Peace Museum.
1941-Alive – Joan Baez – Folk singer. Civil rights activist. Had relationship with Bob Dylan (qv). Married to David Harris (qv) 1968-1973.
1941-Alive – Richard Dawkins – Ethologist, evolutionary biologist & author. One of the “Four Horsemen of New Atheism.”
1941-Alive – Bob Dylan – Singer-songwriter. His “Blowin’ in the Wind” & “The Times They Are a-Changin'” were anthems for the civil rights & anti-war movements.
1941-Alive – Barbara Ehrenreich – Feminist, democratic socialist & political activist. Called “a veteran muckraker.” Author of 21 books.
1941-Alive – Svetlana Gannushkina – Mathematician & human rights activist. Contender for Nobel Peace Prize.
1941-Alive – David Hartsough – Anti-war activist. Co-founded Gandhi-like Nonviolent Peaceforce (NP) in 2002 after attending Hague Appeal for Peace.
1941-Alive – James Hansen – Phyicist. Foremost climate change activist. Directed NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies 1981-2013. Wrote “Storms of My Grandchildren” (2009).
1941-Alive – George Lakoff – Cognitive linguist. Famous for identifying underlying metaphors, e.g. argument is war; government is family.
1941-Alive – Ruth-Gaby Vermot-Mangold – Athropologist & MP. Named 1000 Women for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005.
1941-Alive – Brian Willson – Peace activist & lawyer. Member of Vietnam Veterans Against the War & Veterans For Peace. Documented US war policy in nearly 24 countries.
1941-Alive – Lawrence S. Wittner – Peace historian, St Univ of New York Albany. Wrote “Peace Action,” “Confronting the Bomb” & Memoirs.
1942-1981 – Liudmila Jivkova – De facto head of Bulgarian culture. Built Natl Palace of Culture. Produced Banner of Peace world children’s assembly under UNESCO in 1979.
1942-1996 – Mario Savio – Leader of Free Speech Movement at University of California Berkeley in 1964-65.
1942-Alive – Tadatoshi Akiba – Mayor of Hiroshima since 1999. President of Mayors for Peace.
1942-Alive – Muhammad Ali – Heavyweight boxer. Born Cassius Clay. UN Messenger of Peace.
1942-Alive – Daniel C. Dennett – Philosopher, writer & cognitive scientist. One of the “Four Horsemen of New Atheism.”
1942-Alive – Mohamed ElBaradei – Law scholar & diplomat. IAEA Director General 1997-2009.
1942-Alive – Garrison Keillor – Broadcaster & story teller.
1942-Alive – Jeffrey S. Wigand – VP of R&D, whistleblower. Revealed that Brown & Williamson intentionally increased Nicotine. Portrayed in “The Insider.” Married to Hope Elizabeth May.
1942-Alive – Eric Nagler – Musician & TV personality. Moved to Canada in opposition to Vietnam War. Acquitted in 1972. Brother of Michael Nagler (qv).
1942-Alive – David Krieger – Attorney & political scientist. Founded Nuclear Age Peace Foundation in 1982.
1942-Alive – Gillian Miller Sorensen – Asst UN SecGen for external relations. Senior Adviser to UN Foundation (Ted Turner). Husband of Ted Sorensen [1928-2010].
1943-1955 – Sadako Sasaki – Hiroshima victim. Attempted to fold 1,000 origami cranes before her death at age 12.
1943-1964 – James Earl Chaney – Civil rights worker. Murdered by Klu Klux Klan near Philadelphia, Mississippi, with Andrew Goodman & Michael (Mickey) Schwerner.
1943-1964 – Andrew Goodman – Civil rights worker. Murdered by Klu Klux Klan near Philadelphia, Mississippi, with James Earl Chaney & Michael (Mickey) Schwerner.
1943-1997 – John Denver – Singer-song writer. Supported humanitarian & environmental causes. Founded Windstar Foundation & Plant-It 2020.
1943-2002 – John Wallach – Journalist, author & editor. Foreign Editor for Hearst Newspapers 1968–95. Founded Seeds of Peace (SOP), an international camp in Maine, in 1993.
1943-Alive – Mubarak Awad – Psychologist. Founded Palestinian Ctr for Study of Nonviolence (now Holy Land Trust) in 1985. Father of Sami Awad.
1943-Alive – Elaine Brown – Prison activist, writer & singer. Former chair of Black Panther Party. Founded Mothers Advocating Juvenile Justice.
1943-Alive – Scilla Elworthy – Political scientist. Founded the Oxford Research Group in 1982.
1943-Alive – Todd Gitlin – Public intellectual. Writes on mass media, politics & the arts. President of Students for a Democratic Society in 1960’s.
1943-Alive – Michael Lerner – Rabbi. Wrote “The Politics of Meaning” in 1996. Edits Tikkun Magazine. Chairs Network of Spiritual Progressives.
1943-Alive – James E. Muller – Cardiologist. Exchange student in USSR 1967. One of 3 US founders of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW).
1943-Alive – Jonathan Schell – Visiting fellow at Yale University. Writes primarily about campaigning against nuclear weapons. Wrote “Fate of the Earth” in 1982.
1943-Alive – Lech Walesa – Trade-union & HR activist. Co-founded Solidarity. Pres of Poland 1990–95.
1943-Alive – Faye Wattleton – President of Planned Parenthood 1978–1992. President of Center for the Advancement of Women.
1943-Alive – Betty Williams – Cofounded “The Peace People” to help end “The Troubles” in Ireland. 1976 with Mairead Corrigan
1944-1985 – Alex Odeh – Regional director of American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC). Killed by bomb as he opened his office door in Santa Ana, CA.
1944-1988 – Chico Mendes – Rubber tapper, trade unionist & environmentalist. Fought for Amazon rainforest & advocated for indigenous peoples. Assassinated by a rancher.
1944-Alive – Karen Armstrong – Author on comparative religion. Wrote “A History of God” in 1993. Received TED Prize in 2008.
1944-Alive – Mairead Corrigan – Cofounded “The Peace People” to help end “The Troubles” in Ireland. 1976 with Betty Williams
1944-Alive – Angela Davis – Civil rights activist, educator & author. Member of Black Panther Party. Founded Critical Resistance in 1998.
1944-Alive – Ban Ki-Moon – Career diplomat. 8th Secretary General of the United Nations since 2007.
1944-Alive – George Lakey – Professor of peace studies. Nonviolence organizer. Cofounded Movement for a New Society in 1971.
1944-Alive – Richard Leakey – Paleoanthropologist & conservationist. Son of Louis & Mary Leakey.
1944-Alive – John Marks – Foreign Service Officer 1966-1970. Founded Search for Common Ground in 1982.
1944-Alive – Timothy S. Miller – Professor of religious studies. Writes about history of communitarianism.
1944-Alive – Leonard Peltier – American Indian Movement. In prison for deaths at Pine Ridge IR. A political prisoner according to many.
1944-Alive – Lindis Percy – Nurse, midwife, health visitor & peace activist. Founding member of Campaign for the Accountability of American Bases.
1944-Alive – Jessica Reynolds Shaver Renshaw – Author. Sailed with parents Earle & Barbara Reynolds (qv) into atomic test area in 1958.
1944-Alive – Mary Robinson – President of Ireland 1990-97. UN High Commissioner for Refugees 1997-2002.
1944-Alive – David Trimble – Enabled the the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement of 1998. 1998 with John Hume
1944-Alive – Jakob von Uexkull – Lecturer, activist & politician. Established Right Livelihood Award (aka “Alternative Nobel Prize”) 1980 & World Future Council 2006.
1944-Alive – Alice Walker – Author, poet & activist. Best known for “The Color Purple” in 1982.
1944-Alive – Jesse Winchester – Singer-songwriter. Moved from USA to Canada in 1967 to avoid the Vietnam War draft.
1944-Alive – Howard Zehr – Codirects Ctr for Justice & Peacebuilding, Eastern Mennonite Univ, Harrisonburg, VA (USA).
1945-1971 – Ted Studebaker – Brethren, pacifist & conscientious objector. Agricultural worker during the Vietnam War. Executed by North Vietnam.
1945-1975 – Anna Mae Aquash – Mi’kmaq from Nova Scotia. Highest-ranking woman in American Indian Movement (AIM). Killed on Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.
1945-1981 – Bob Marley – Singer-songwriter & musician. Spread reggae music & Rastafari movement worldwide. Awarded Peace Medal of the Third World by the UN. Died age 36.
1945-1990 – Joseph Doucé – Psychologist & Baptist pastor in Paris. Among founders of Intl Lesbian & Gay Association. Killed by French secret police?
1945-2007 – Iccho Itoh – Mayor of Nagasaki from 1995. Testified at World Court against nuclear weapons. Killed by a senior member of Yamaguchi-gumi, an organized crime group.
1945-Alive – Ruth J. Abram – Writer & artist. Founded Lower East Side Tenement Museum in 1988 & Intl Coalition of Sites of Conscience (ICSC) in 1999.
1945-Alive – Hizkias Assefa – Professor & reconciliation mediator. Founded African Peacebuilding & Reconciliation Network.
1945-Alive – Andy Barrie – Host of CBC Radio’s Metro Morning. Deserted US Army in 1969 after being ordered to Vietnam.
1945-Alive – Michael Berenbaum – Scholar, professor, rabbi & film-maker. Holocaust specialist. Project Director of US Holocaust Memorial Museum.
1945-Alive – Harry E. Blythe III – Philanthropist. Donated statues of Ignacy Jan Paderewski to Univ of So California, Polish Embassy & Jagiellonion Univ in Krakow (Poland).
1945-Alive – Dr. Kali P. Chaudhuri – Doctor. Owns hospitals & KPC Group of Companies. Donated Gandhi Statue in Riverside, California, in 2005.
1945-Alive – Aung San Suu Kyi – General Secretary of Burmese National League for Democracy. Released from house arrest in November 2010.
1945-Alive – Graça Machel – Advocate for children’s & women’s rights. Widow of Samora Machel & 3rd wife of Nelson Mandela.
1945-Alive – Paul Rivero – Poet, journalist & dissident. Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize by Václav Havel.
1945-Alive – Neil Young – Singer-song writer. Advocate for environmental issues & welfare of small farmers. Co-founded benefit concert Farm Aid. Helped found The Bridge School in 1986.
1946-1977 – Stephen Biko – Founder & leader of Black Consciousness Movement. Died in police custody.
1946-Alive – Hanan Ashrawi – Christian legislator, activist & scholar. Protégé of Edward Said (qv).
1946-Alive – Michael D. Knox – Professor of Psychology. Founded the US Peace Memorial Foundation in 2005.
1946-Alive – Ron Kovic – Anti-war activist. Paralyzed Vietnam War veteran. Wrote “Born on the Fourth of July.”
1946-Alive – Dennis Kucinich – Mayor of Cleveland. Congressman. Proposed a US Department of Peace.
1946-Alive – David Harris – Journalist & author. Protested Vietnam War. Married to Joan Baez (qv) 1968-1973.
1946-Alive – Roméo Dellaire – General, senator & humanitrian. UN peacekeeper in Rwanda. Ordered not to stop Hutu/Tutsi genocide in 1994.
1946-Alive – Jeff Halper – Anthropologist, author & political activist. Co-founded Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions (ICAHD).
1946?-Alive – G. Simon Harak – Jesuit priest, peace activist & professor of theology. Director of Center for Peacemaking at Marquette University.
1946-Alive – Libby Hostetler – Teacher. Education Professor at Bluffton University in Ohio. Founded Lion & Lamb Peace Arts Center in 1986.
1946-Alive – Mo Ibrahim – Mobile communications entrepreneur & billionaire. Set up Mo Ibrahim Foundation in 2006 to encourage better governance in Africa.
1946-Alive – Peter Singer – Moral philosopher. Professor at Princeton University. Proponent of biocentrism. Wrote “Animal Liberation” in 1975.
1946-Alive – Jo Vallentine – Peace activist & politician. Elected to Senate 1985-92 as member of Nuclear Disarmament Party.
1947-1983 – Emil Grunzweig – Peace activist. Member of Peace Now. Killed by grenade thown at a peace rally in Jerusalem.
1947-1992 – Petra Kelly – Helped found German Green Party after living in USA 1959-70. Murdered at age 44.
1947-2008 – Linda Kraeger – Co-authored “Trust & Treachery: A Historical Novel of Roger Williams in America.” One of 2 UU’s randomly killed in 2008 at UU church in Knoxville, TN.
1947-2009 – William Thomas Hallenback Jr. – Anti-nuclear activist & simple living adherent. Maintained 27-year vigil at White House from 1981.
1947-2012 – Richard Adams – Gay rights activist. With partner Anthony Sullivan, one of the first gay couples to receive a marriage license (Boulder, CO, 1975).
1947-Alive – Hawa Abdi – Gynaecologist & lawyer. Helps internally displaced persons (IDP’s). Nominated for 2012 Nobel Peace Prize by AFSC.
1947-Alive – Shirin Ebadi – Lawyer & human rights activist. Founded Centre for the Defence of Human Rights in Iran.
1947-Alive – Arthur Eyffinger – Classicist & historian. Peace Palace Library 1985-1988, Intl Court of Justice 1988-2002. Founded JUDICAP in 2003.
1947-Alive – Sylvia Baraldini – Radical activist. Emprisoned 17 years in USA + 7 in Italy.
1947-Alive – Schera Chadwick – Biologist & entrepreneur. Married Edward W. Lollis in 1990. Active in FEN.
1947-Alive – David Cortright – Scholar & peace activist. Director of Policy Studies at the Kroc Inst for Intll Peace Studies at Univ of Notre Dame. Chair of Fourth Freedom Forum.
1947-Alive – Alfred-Maurice de Zayas – Lawyer, writer, historian & peace activist. UN Independent Expert on the Promotion of a Democratic & Equitable International Order.
1947-Alive – Gene Robinson – First openly gay Episcopal bishop.
1947-Alive – Terje Rød-Larsen – Diplomat, politician & sociologist. Directed Fato Inst during Oslo Accords. UN Special Coordinator in Occupied Territories.
1947-Alive – Peter Wolf Toth – Wood carver. Sculpted a “Whispering Giant” statue of an Indian in every US state.
1947-Alive – Baldemar Velasquez – Labor union activist. Co-founder & president of Farm Labor Organizing Committee, AFL-CIO. MacArthur Fellow (“Genius Grant”) in 1989.
1947-Alive – Ann Wright – Peace activist. One of only three US Foreign Service Officers to resign over the war in Iraq.
1948-2003 – Sérgio Vieira de Mello – UN peacekeeper. Killed in Iraq.
1948-2010 – Tony Judt – Historian. Public Intellectual. Founded Erich Maria Remarque Institute in 1995.
1948-2011 – R. Scott Kennedy – Co-founder of Witness for Peace (WFP), the Resource Center for Nonviolence & Interfaith Peacebuilders.
1948-2011 – Laura Inés Pollán Toledo – Teacher & opposition leader. Founded the dissident group Damas de Blanco.
1948-2017 – Hans Rosling – Medical doctor, academic & statistician. Founded Gapminder Foundation.
1948-Alive – James R. Bowsher – Writer, archaeologist, collector & lecturer. Master of the Temple of Tolerance, Wapakoneta, Ohio.
1948-Alive – Benjamin Chavis – Civil rights leader. Led Wilmington Ten in 1971. Active in NAACP, Million Man March, Hip-Hop Summit Action Network, etc.
1948-Alive – Al Gore – 45th US vice president 1993-2001. Made the film An Inconvenient Truth in 2006.
1948-Alive – David Krieger – Founder & President of Nuclear Age Peace Foundation.
1948-Alive – Lewis M. Randa – Founded Life Experience School & Peace Abbey (Sherborn, Massachusetts (USA), 1988).
1948-Alive – Feisal Abdul Rauf – Sufi imam in New York City. Wrote “What’s Right with Islam Is What’s Right with America.”
1948-Alive – Cat Stevens – Singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, humanitarian, education philanthropist & prominent convert to Islam.
1948-Alive – Peter van den Dungen – Peace historian. Founded Intl Network of Museums for Peace 1992.
1948-Alive – Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo – Made “efforts to hinder oppression.” 1996 with Jose Ramos-Horta
1949-1997 – Judi Bari – Environmentalist & labor leader, feminist & principal organizer of Earth First!.
1949-2011 – Brian Haw – Peace campaigner & “Symbol of anti-war movement.” Lived almost 10 years in peace camp in Parliament Square protesting UK & US foreign policy.
1949-2011 – Christopher Hitchens – Author, columnist & literary critic. World’s 5th top public intellectual. One of “Four Horsemen of New Atheism.”
1949-2012 – Gerd Greune – Teacher & peace activist. Key figure in Inst for Intl Assistance & Solidarity (IFIAS) & European Bureau for Conscientious Objection (EBCO).
1949-Alive – Kiran Bedi – Social activist. First woman officer in Indian Police Service (IPS).
1949-Alive – Chip Berlet – Paralegal investigative journalist & photographer. Exposes the religious right, white supremacists, etc.
1949-Alive – Kathy Calvin – Journalist & PR professional. President & CEO of UN Foundation (Ted Turner).
1949-Alive – Katherine Josten – Founder/Director of Global Art Project for Peace (GAP). “My work would be considered ‘new genre public art.'”
1949-Alive – Aaron David Miller – Historian, Middle East analyst, & negotiator. In US State Dept. 1978–2003. President of Seeds of Peace 2003-2006. Now at Woodrow Wilson Intl. Center.
1949-Alive – Holly Near – Singer song-writer & anti-war activist.
1949-Alive – Katha Pollitt – Feminist poet & writer. Focuses on political & social issues, including abortion rights, racism, welfare reform, feminism & poverty. Columnist for The Nation.
1949-Alive – Jose Ramos-Horta – President of East Timor. Made “efforts to hinder oppression.” 1996 with Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo
1949-Alive – William F. Schultz – Minister. Headed UUA 1985-1993, Amnesty International 1994-2006 & UUSC from 2011.
1949-Alive – Michael R. Walli – One of 3 Transform Now Plowshares activists who cut fence in 2012 at Y12 National Security Complex & painted protests on Highly Enriched Uranium Facility
1950-2012 – Carlos Vargas – Professor. VP of Intl Assn of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms. Helped draft “Model Nuclear Weapons Convention” for UN Gen Asby in 1997.
1950-Alive – Richard Branson – Controls Virgin Group of more than 400 companies. Sent “Reconciliation” by Josefina de Vasconcellos to Belfast, Berlin, Coventry & Hiroshima.
1950-Alive – Mel Duncan – Helped organize Advocating Change Together (ACT) in 1979. Co-founded Gandhi-like Nonviolent Peaceforce (NP) in 2002 after attending Hague Appeal for Peace.
1950-Alive – Rebecca Goldstein – Novelist & professor of philosophy. Wife of Steven Pinker.
1950-Alive – Wei Jingsheng – Chinese democracy movement. Wrote “Fifth Modernization” on “Democracy Wall” in 1978.
1950-Alive – Ivo Markovic – Franciscan priest. Founded interfaith peacemaking choir Pontanim in Sarajevo. Lives in exile in Zagreb.
1950-Alive – Mark Rogovin – Muralist. Son of Milton Rogovin (qv). Co-founded The Peace Museum, Chicago, Illinois (USA), in 1981.
1950-Alive – Jill Stein – Physician & politician. Green Party nominee for US President in 2012. Endorsed by Noam Chomsky & Chris Hedges among others.
1950-Alive – Harry Targ – Director of peace studies program at Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.
1950-Alive – Jody Williams – Teacher & aid worker. 1997 with International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL)
1950-Alive – Rowan Williams – Poet & theologian. Archbishop of Canterbury since 2003.
1951-2006 – Tom Fox – Member of Christian Peacemaker Teams (CPT). Killed in Iraq in 2006.
1951-Alive – Gilbert Baker – Artist & civil rights activist. Designed the Rainbow Flag (often used as a symbol of gay pride in LGBT rights marches) in 1978.
1951-Alive – Phyllis Bennis – Journalist & political commentator. Critic of Israel. Advocate for Palestinian rights. Directs New Internationalism Project at Inst for Policy Studies.
1951-Alive – Vallerie Flessati – Secretary of Pax Christi in the UK. Created “Peace Trails Through London.” Married Bruce Kent (qv) in 1988.
1951-Alive – Bob Geldof – Singer-songwriter & political activist, especially anti-poverty efforts in Africa. Founded Band Aid & Live Aid.
1951-Alive – Martin Indyk – Foreign policy expert. Twice US ambassador to Israel. Conducted Israel-Palestine peace talks in 2013.
1951-Alive – Alexander Ogorodnikov – Chairman of the Russian Orthodox Argentov Seminar, peace activist, Gulag survivor & founder of several humanitarian organizations.
1951-Alive – Ahmet Üzümcü – Diplomat. Director General of Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) which received Nobel Peace Prize in 2013.
1952-Alive – Medea Benjamin – Political activist. Co-founded Code Pink & fair trade advocacy group Global Exchange. Received US Peace Memorial Foundation prize in 2012.
1952-Alive – Salam Fayyad – Economist. Prime minister of Palestine 2007-2013. US & Israeli retaliation for Palestine’s bid for UN membership led to his resignation.
1952-Alive – Francis Fukuyama – Political economist. Wrote The End of History & the Last Man in 1992.
1952-Alive – Kathy Kelly – Peace activist & pacifist. A founding members of Voices in the Wilderness. Co-coordinator of Voices for Creative Nonviolence. Traveled to Iraq 26 times. Arrested more than 60 times.
1952-Alive – Dorothy (Dot) Maver – Helped found National Peace Academy (NPA) in 2009.
1952-Alive – Oswaldo Paya – Political activist. Considered Cuba’s most prominent political dissident. Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize by Václav Havel.
1952-Alive – Vandana Shiva – Ecofeminist. Founded Navdanya in Northern India. Leader of International Forum on Globalization.
1952-Alive – Laszlo Tokes – Politician & bishop of the Reformed Church in Romania. Move to remove him Sparked overthrow of Ceausescu in 1989.
1953-1980 – Jean Donovan – Maryknoll lay missionary. Raped & killed with 3 American nuns by Salvadorian army.
1953-1999 – Lenny Zakim – Religious & civil rights leader.
1953-Alive – Norman Finkelstein – Political scientist. Author of “On ‘From Time Immemorial'” (1984) & “The Holocaust Industry” (2000).
1953-Alive – Douglas P. Fry – Anthropologist. Leading authority on aggression, conflict & conflict resolution.
1953-Alive – Kassym-Jomart Tokayev – Kazakhstan Foreign Min 2003-07. Chaired Senate 2007-11. Director Gen UN Office at Geneva since 2011.
1954-1995 – Jon Garth Murray – Son of Madalyn Murray O’Hair (qv). President of Am Atheists 1986-1995. Murdered with his mother & niece Robin Murray O’Hair by David Waters.
1954-Alive – Roger Mayou – Art historian. Was artistic advisor at UBS. Director of International Red Cross & Red Crescent Museum in Geneva since 1998.
1954-Alive – J. Fred Arment – Director of marketing firm. Novelist. Wrote “The Elements of Peace.” Founded International Cities of Peace.
1954-Alive – Mustafa Barghouti – Democracy activist. Ran for Palestinian president in 2005 & finished 2nd to Mahmoud Abbas.
1954-Alive – Betty Bigombe – Administrator & parliamentarian. Mediated with Ugandan rebels.
1954-Alive – David Grossman – Novelist, essayist & peace activist. Wrote the anti-war novel “To the end of the land” in 2010.
1954-Alive – Steven Pinker – Experimental psychologist, cognitive scientist, linguist & popular science author. Husband of Rebecca Goldstein.
1954-Alive – Kailash Satyarthi – Children’s rights & anti-slavery activist. Founded Save the Childhood Movement (BBA) in 1980. 2014 with Malala Yousafzai.
1954-Alive – Linda Stout – Activist. Created Piedmont Peace Project & Spirit in Action. Wrote “Bridging the Class Divide” in 1997.
1954-Alive – Mordechai Vanunu – Nuclear technician. Revealed Israeli nuclear program in 1986.
1955-2017 – Liu Xiaobo – Human rights activist. Pres of Independent Chinese PEN Center. Sentenced to prison 2009-2020.
1955-Alive – Johanna Berrigan – Medical assistant. Catholic Worker. Co-founded House of Grace in Philadelphia. Visits poor in Haiti & Iraq.
1955-Alive – Gregory I. Boertje-Obed – One of 3 Transform Now Plowshares activists who entered Y12 National Security Complex in 2012 & painted protests on Highly Enriched Uranium Facility.
1955-Alive – Tom Flynn – Executive Director of Council for Secular Humanism. Editor of Free Inquiry magazine. Created Freethought Trail in Western NY State. See Paul Kurtz.
1955-Alive – Bill Gates – Invented Windows. Chairman of Microsoft Corporation. Husband of Melinda Gates (qv). Co-founded Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
1955-Alive – Adam Keller – Israeli “refusenik.” Cofounder of & spokesman for Gush Shalom / Peace Bloc.
1955-Alive – Barbara Kingsolver – Novelist, essayist & poet. Writes about social justice, biodiversity & human interaction.
1955-Alive – John Paul Lederach – Founded Ctr for Justice & Peacebuilding at Eastern Mennonite Univ. Now Prof of Intl Peacebuilding at Univ of Notre Dame. Mediator, negotiator & peacebuilding practitioner.
1955-Alive – Cynthia McKinney – 3rd “Peace Thru Conscience” Award of Munich American Peace Committee in 2010.
1955-Alive – Bill Nye – Science educator, comedian, mechanical engineer & scientist. Broadcast Bill Nye the Science Guy 1993–1998.
1955-Alive – Bob Raeside – Teacher at Acadia University, Wolfville, Nova Scotia. Director of Flags of the World (FOTW) database.
1955-Alive – Jigme Singye Wangchuck – King of Bhután 1972-2006. Reformer. Established Gross National Happiness in 1972.
1956-1979 – Solomon Mahlangu – ANC member. Trained as “The Spear of the Nation” soldier. Wrongfully accused of murder & terrorism. Executed by hanging at age 23.
1956-Alive – Nafez Assaily – Founded Library on Wheels for Nonviolence & Peace (LOWNP) in Hebron (Palestine).
1956-Alive – Ellen Barfield – Peace activist. US Army 1977-81. Peace Farm. In Veterans for Peace, WILPF, WRL, SOAW & NCNR. Wife of Larry Egbert [d.2016].
1956-Alive – Judith Butler – “Feminist theorist.” Philosopher at Univ of California, Berkeley. Leader of Boycott, Divestment & Sanctions (BDS) against Israel.
1956-Alive – Chris Hedges – Socialist journalist. Wrote “War is a Force that Gives Us Meaning” in 2002 & “The World As It Is” in 2011.
1956-Alive – Anita Hill – Attorney & academic. Advocate of women’s rights. Accused Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas in 1991.
1956-Alive – Ralph Hutchison – Presbyterian minister. Anti-nuclear activist. Coordinator of Oak Ridge Environmental Peace Alliance (OREPA).
1956-Alive – Geshe Thubten Phelgye – Buddhist lama & peace activist. Promotes vegetarianism & humane treatment of animals. Active in Sulha Peace Project.
1956-Alive – Sri Sri Ravi Shankar – Exponent of Advaita Vedanta & spiritual leader of Art of Living Foundation.
1957-2004 – Theo van Gogh – Film director, writer & critic. Opposed Muslim treatment of women. Murdered by Mohammed Bouyeri.
1957-Alive – Billy Bragg – Singer-songwriter & left-wing activist. His lyrics mostly deal with political or romantic themes.
1957-Alive – Carol Brouillet – Political activist & organizer. Active in Green Party, 9/11 Truth Movement, International Media Project & Who’s Counting Project.
1957-Alive – Amy Goodman – Broadcast journalist & author. Principal host of Democracy Now! on Pacifica Radio.
1957-Alive – Greg Mortenson – Wrote “Three Cups of Tea” & Pennies for Peace. Ran Central Asia Inst but mismanaged money in 2011.
1957-Alive – Laurence Overmire – “Poet, author, actor, educator, genealogist, peace activist, civil rights, human rights & animal rights advocate & environmentalist.”
1957-Alive – Robert Rivas – Civil rights attorney. ACLU. Counsel for Final Exit Network (FEN). Advisor to Rick A. Ross Institute.
1957-Alive – Peter Rühe – Scholar. Foremost Gandhian activist. Founded & heads Gandhitopia & GandhiServe Foundation.
1957-Alive – Cindy Sheehan – Anti-war activist. Maintained protest outside President Bush’s Texas ranch in August 2005.
1957-Alive – Paul Zachery Myers – Evolutionary biologist. Public critic of intelligent design (ID). Widely regarded as a confrontationalist.
1957-Alive – Mazin Qumsiyeh – Geneticist, teacher & spokesperson for Palestinian rights. Professor at Duke, Yale & 3 Palestinian universities.
1957-Alive – Ai Weiwei – Artist & political activist. Prisoned for investigating government corruption & cover-ups. Subject of 2012 documentary “Never Sorry.”
1957-Alive – Roy Zimmerman – Singer-songwriter. Satirist. Wrote “Hope, Struggle & Change.”
1958-2006 – Anna Politkovskaya – Journalist, writer & human rights activist. Known for opposition to the Chechen conflict.
1958-2009 – Natalia Estemirova – Human rights activist. On board of Russian human rights organisation Memorial. Abducted from her home in Grozny, Chechnya.
1958-2011 – Juliano Mer-Khamis – Actor & political activist. Murdered in Janin (Occupied West Bank) at Freedom Theatre which he founded in 2006.
1958-Alive – Kathy Mattea – Singer-songwriter & social activist. Promotes HIV/AIDS-related charities & Al Gore’s “An Inconvenient Truth.”
1959-Alive – Father John Dear – Priest, pacifist, author & lecturer. Arrested over 75 times in acts of nonviolent civil disobedience against “war, injustice & nuclear weapons.
1959-Alive – Alexandra Hildebrandt – Artist. Director of Museum Haus am Checkpoint Charlie (“1st museum of intl nonviolent protest”). Widow of Ranier Hildebrandt (qv).
1959-Alive – Ravindra Kumar – Political scientist, peace-worker & educationalist. Editor of “Global Peace International Journal.” Author of many works on Mahatma Gandhi & others.
1959-Alive – Jeanmarie Simpson – Peace activist & actress. Wrote plays about Jeannette Rankin (“A Single Woman”) & Mary Dyer (qv). Member of WILPF.
1959-Alive – Rigoberta Menchu Tum – Promotes rights of Guatemala’s indigenous peoples.
1960-Alive – Rabbi Arik Ascherman – Moved to Israel in 1994. Now Executive Director of Rabbis for Human Rights (RHR).
1960-Alive – Bono – Singer & musician. Social activist. Called “the face of fusion philanthropy.”
1960-Alive – Bill McKibben – Environmentalist activist. Writes extensively on global warming. Founded 350.org. One of Fortune’s “100 most important global thinkers.”
1960-Alive – Jafar Penahi – Filmmaker. Smuggled “This is Not a Film” out of Iran in 2011 to protest his being banned from filmmaking.
1960-Alive – Yulia Tymoshenko – Economist. Twice prime minister of Ukraine. Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize.
1960-Alive – Colin Archer – Secretary-General of the International Peace Bureau in Geneva since 1990.
1960-Alive – John H. Brown – Writer & teacher. One of only three US Foreign Service Officers to resign over the war in Iraq.
1960-Alive – Wendy Chmielewski – Curator of Swarthmore College Peace Collection.
1960-Alive – David Grossman – Wrote “On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War & Society” in 1995.
1960-Alive – John Brady Kiesling – Writer & lecturer. One of only three US Foreign Service Officers to resign over the war in Iraq.
1960-Alive – Steve Leeper – Chair of Hiroshima Peace Culture Foundation. From Atlanta, Georgia (USA).
1960-Alive – Jacqueline Novogratz – Founder & CEO of Acumen Fund which uses entrepreneurial approaches to solve global poverty.
1960-Alive – Bob Reuschlein – Futurist. Called Dr. Peace. Wrote “Peace Economics” in 1986 & “Real Economy” in 1999. Attended Hague Peace Conference in 1999.
1960-Alive – Osagyefo Uhuru Sekou – Author, documentary filmmaker, public intellectual, organizer, pastor & theologian.
1961-Alive – Óscar Elías Bicet – Medical professional. Advocate for human rights & democracy. Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize by Václav Havel.
1961-Alive – Kathryn Bolkovac – Police officer. Exposed prostitution & corrupt UN police in Bosnia. Subject of “The Whistleblower” film.
1961-Alive – Greta Christiana – Blogger & author.
1961-Alive – Miko Peled – Peace activist, author & karate instructor. Opposes the wall. Advocates one nation for Jews & Palestinians.
1961-Alive – Scott Ritter – Chief UN weapons inspector in Iraq 1991-98. Then anti-war author & talk show commentator.
1961-Alive – Leyla Zana – Turkish politician emprisoned for speaking Kurdish.
1962-Alive – Mark Colville – Peace activist. Member of Amistad Catholic Worker in New Haven, Connecticut. Arrested in 2014 while protesting US drone murders at Hancock Air National Guard Base.
1962-Alive – Taslima Nasrin – Physician. Author of 33 books. Supports human rights & criticizes religion. “All religions are antiwomen.” In exile since 1994. Has received many intl awards.
1962-Alive – Laura Poitras – Filmmaker. Made films about Iraq, Guantanamo & Edward Snowden (qv). Now part of First Look Media.
1962-Alive – Alyn Ware – Peace activist. VP of Intl Peace Bureau. Coodinator of Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-Proliferation & Disarmament (PNND) in NYC.
1963-2011 – Sonia Perez – Activist for the rights of people of Haitian descent in the Dominican Republic.
1963-Alive – Julian Lennon – Musician. Son of John Lennon. Promotes co-existence thru White Feather Found & Whaledreamers Org. Unveiled Lennon monument in 2010.
1964-2001 – Digna Ochoa – Human rights lawyer. Defended peasant ecologists in Guerrero. Received post mortem International Human Rights Award from Global Exchange.
1964-2013 – Chokri Belaïd – Lawyer & politician. Opposed Ben Ali regime prior to Tunisian revolution & Islamist government. Assassinated February 6, 2013. Funeral attended by million people.
1964-Alive – Omar Barghouti – A founder of Palestinian Campaign for Academic & Cultural Boycott of Israel (PACBI). Born in Qatar, raised in Egypt, moved to Ramallah.
1964-Alive – Sergeant Kevin Benderman – Court martialed in July 2005 for refusing to serve US Army in Iraq.
1964-Alive – Melinda Gates – Wife of Bill Gates (qv). Co-founded Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation in 1994.
1964-Alive – John Kiriakou – CIA analyst & investigator for Senate Foreign Relations Committee. First official to confirm US used waterboarding to interrogate al-Qaeda prisoners.
1964-Alive – Dan Savage – Media pundit, journalist & editor. Writes sex advice column “Savage Love.” Ran “It Gets Better” project to help prevent suicide by LGBT youth.
1965-2012 – Rodney King – Beaten March 3, 1991, by Los Angeles police officers. A videotape of the beating aroused public anger, & he famously asked “Can we all get along?”
1965-Alive – Scott London – Journalist, interviewer & consultant. In Sweden 1970-1990.
1965-Alive – Jeffrey Skoll – Engineer. First employee & also first president of internet auction firm eBay. Noted philanthropist. Founded Skoll Foundation in 1999.
1966-Alive – Libby Lane – Suffragan Bishop of Stockport. First female bishop in Church of England. “Passion for social action.”
1967-2015 – Stéphane Charbonnier – Called “Charb.” Satirical caricaturist & journalist. Joined Charlie Hebdo in 1992 & became its editor in 2009.
1967-Alive – Glenn Greenwald – Journalist, blogger & author. Columnist for Guardian US 2012-2013. Publicized security leaks by Edward Snowden (qv).
1967-Alive – Sam Harris – Neuroscientist. Co-founded Project Reason. Wrote “The End of Faith” in 2004. One of the “Four Horsemen of New Atheism.”
1967-Alive – Amr Khaled – Televangelist, activist & preacher in Cairo. Advocates moderation & women’s rights.
1967-Alive – Pierre Omidyat – Iranian origin. Made billions by creating eBay in 1995. Started First Look Media in 2013 for “original, independent journalism.”
1967-Alive – Bassem al-Tamimi – Teacher. Convicted by Israeli military of “sending people to throw stones.” Called “human rights defender” by EU & “prisoner of conscience” by Amnesty Intl.
1968-2004 – Iris Chang – Historian & journalist. Wrote “The Rape of Nanking” in 1997. Committed suicide at age 36. Her mother wrote “The Woman Who Could Not Forget” in 2011.
1968-2008 – Mellitus Mugabe Were – Politician. Voice for moderation in Kenya’s escalating political crisis. Shuttled between ethnic groups. Organized a youth peace march.
1968-2012 – Spencer Cox – AIDS activist. Co-founded Treatment Action Group (TAG). Helped push innovative antiretroviral drugs to market.
1968-Alive – Malcolm Kendall-Smith – Royal Air Force officer. First British officer to face criminal charges for challenging legality of war against Iraq.
1968-Alive – Tim Wise – Anti-racist activist & writer. Has lectured at over 600 college campuses since 1995.
1969-Alive – Ayaan Hirsi Ali – Women’s rights & atheist activist. Critical of genital mutilation & Islam. Dutch asylum in 1992. Wrote screenplay with Theo van Gogh.
1969-Alive – Jeremy Gilley – Actor & filmmaker. Founded charity Peace One Day in September 1999. Recd Wateler Peace Prize in 2010.
1969-Alive – Cordula Wohlmuther – UN World Tourism Organization researcher. Co-editor of “UN International Handbook of Peace & Toursm” (2014)
1970-Alive – Gabrielle Giffords – Member of US House of Representatives. Shot in Tucson, Arizona, on January 8, 2011.
1970-Alive – Shahriar Khateri – Doctor who studied Iraq chemical attacks. Founded Tehran Peace Museum in 2007.
1970-Alive – Naomi Klein – Author & social activist. Known for criticism of corporate globalization. Wrote No Logo & The Shock Doctrine.
1970-Alive – Renu Mehta – Model & philanthropist. Daughter of Vijay Metha (qv). Founder of Fortune Forum charity which held summits in London in 2006, 2007 & 2008.
1970-Alive – Daoud Nassar – Farmer near Bethlehem. Founded “Tent of Nations” with brother Daher & sister Almer to resist Israeli takeover of their family’s land.
1970-Alive – Eric Whitacre – Composer, conductor & lecturer. Known “Virtual Choirs” on YouTube, bringing together individual voices from around the globe.
1971-2009 – Oscar Kamau Kingara – Human rights activist. Killed with John Paul Oulo.
1971-2010 – Chidi Nwosu – Anti-corruption activist. Founded Human Rights, Justice & Peace Foundation. Assassinated at age 39.
1971-Alive – Julian Assange – Journalist. Co-founded WikiLeaks in 2006. Published US military & diplomatic documents leaked by Chelsea Manning (qv). Now trapped in Ecuador Embassy in London.
1971-Alive – Chen Guangcheng – Civil rights activist. Self-taught lawyer. Blind. Advocates for women’s rights, land rights & welfare of the poor. Escaped house arrest in 2012 & went to USA.
1971-Alive – Sergei Guriev – Economist. Criticized trial of Mikhail Khodorkovsky. Fled Russia in 2013 & went to France.
1972-1985 – Samantha Reed Smith – Schoolgirl. Made good will visit to Soviet Union during Cold War at age 11. Accidential death at age 13.
1972-Alive – Leymah Gbowee – Social worker. Organized Liberian Mass Action for Peace. 2011 with Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf & Tawakel Karman
1972-Alive – Jeff Sharlet – Journalist, author & academic. Best known for writing about religious subcultures in USA. 1973-2012 – Rebecca Tarbotton – Environmental, human rights & food activist. Executive Director of Rainforest Action Network (RAN).
1973-Alive – Rula Jebreal – Physiotherapist, journalist, novelist, screenwriter & commentator for MSNBC. Wrote the semi-autobiographical film Miral in 2010.
1973-Alive – Orly Noy – Spokesperson of Ir Amim. Worked for All For Peace radio (with Israelis & Palestinians) until shut down in 2011. Translates Farsi literature into Hebrew.
1973-Alive – Ragia Omran – Human rights lawyer in Cairo. Defends “Arab Spring” activists. Received Robert F Kennedy Human Rights Award for 2013.
1974-2009 – Stanislav Markelov – Human rights lawyer. Participated in publicized cases, including those of police violence victims & journalists.
1974-Alive – Banksy – Graffiti artist, political activist, film director & painter. Known for satirical murals in slums, Palestine, etc.
1974-Alive – Frida Berrigan – Peace activist. Associate for arms trade, World Policy Inst. Columnist for Waging Nonviolence. Daughter of Philip Berrigan & Liz McAlister (qv). Sister of Jerry & Kate.
1974-Alive – Jeremy Scahill – Investigative journalist & film maker. Worked for Amy Goodman at Democracy Now!. Wrote “Blackwater” (2008) & “Dirty Wars” (2013).
1975-2011 – Vitorrio Arrigoni – Reporter, pacifist & activist. Worked with Intl Solidarity Movement (ISM) in Gaza Strip from 2008. Kidnapped & killed.
1975-Alive – Abduwali Ayup – Linguist & poet. Masters from Univ of Kansas. Operates Uighur-language schools in Xinjiang. Emprisoned for collecting “illegal donations.”
1975-Alive – Deogratias Niyizonkiza – Graduate of Columbia University. Founded Village Health Works (VHW) in Kigutu, Burundi.
1975-Alive – Yoani Sanchez – Blogger. Has received multiple international awards for her critical portrayal of life in Cuba.
1975-Alive – Nick Turse – Journalist & historian. Exposed US attrocities in Vietnam. Wrote “The Complex: How the Military Invades Our Everyday Lives” & “Kill Anything That Moves.”
1976-1998 – Matthew Shepard – Student at University of Wyoming. Tortured & murdered near Laramie in October 1998. Monument in Casper.
1976-Alive – Huwaida Arraf – Lawyer in Ramallah, West Bank. Human rights activist. Co-founder of nonviolent International Solidarity Movement (ISM).
1976-Alive – Mohammad Othman – Nonviolent peace activist. Works against the Israeli wall.
1978-2007 – Andrea Parhamovich – Employee of National Democratic Institute (NDI). Killed in Baghdad (Iraq) after teaching a class on democracy.
1978-Alive – Mehmet Tarham – CO sentenced to 4 years in military prison. Released in March 2006 after spending several months in prison.
1979-2003 – Rachel Corrie – Member of International Solidarity Movement (ISM). Killed by Israeli bulldozer while protecting a Palestinian home.
1979-2014 – Tomas Young – Soldier. Enlisted right after 9/11. Paralyzed by bullet in Iraq. One of first vets to oppose the War in Iraq. Subject of documentary “Body of War.”
1979-Alive – Tawakul Karman – Journalist. Called her Nobel Prize “a victory for the Arab Spring.” 2011 with Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf & Leymah Gbowee
1979-Alive – Anna Baltzer – Activist for Palestinian human rights. Opposes Israeli occupation.
1979-Alive – Samer Tariq Issawi – Prisoner of conscience. Popular Front for Liberation of Palestine. Captured by Israel in 2002, released in 2011, rearrested in 2012. Now on hunger strike.
1979-Alive – Ryan Spencer Reed – Photojournalist. Has covered the Sudanese Diaspora since 2002.
1979-Alive – Anderson Sa – Musician & activist. Led Brazilian youth away from drug cartels. Received Reebok Human Rights Award in 2007.
1980-Alive – Paul K. Chappell – Peace advocate. US Army officer 2002-09. Wrote “Will War Ever End?” & “The End of War.”
1980-Alive – Erica Chenoweth – Professor of government. Authority on terrorism & nonviolence. Wrote “Why Civil Resistance Works” & “Rethinking Violence.”
1981-2005 – Shaima Rezayee – Journalist & first female TV presenter in Afghanistan. Adopted western dress. Shot dead at her home in Kabul.
1981-Alive – Omar bin Laden – 4th son of Osama bin Laden. Promotes “Horse Race for Peace” across North Africa.
1982-Alive – Kimberly Rivera – Iraq War resister. First female US military deserter to flee to Canada. Deported in 2012. Designated a Prisoner of Conscience by Amnesty International.
1983-2000 – Asel Asleh – Arab Israeli. Member of Seeds of Peace (SOP) since 1997. Killed by Israeli forces at onset of Second Intifada while wearing SOP t-shirt.
1983-Alive – Edward Snowden – Computer expert for CIA & NSA. Disclosed top secret US & UK mass surveillance programs in 2013. Fled to Russia.
1984-2009 – Catherine (Kate) Puzey – Peace Corps Volunteer in Benin. Murdered at age 25 after exposing sexual abuse of young girls.
1985-Alive – Jeremy Hammond – Political activist, web developer & musician. Publicized internal files of private spy agency Stratfor through Wikileaks.
1986-2013 – Anne Smedinghoff – Foreign Service Officer. Killed at age 25 with 8 others by car bomb while delivering books to school in Afghanistan.
1986-2013 – Aaron Swartz – Computer programmer, writer, archivist, political organizer & Internet activist. Campaigned for freedom of information. Suicide at age 26.
1986-2017 – Basil al-Araj – Palestinian protestor from al-Walaja (near Bethlehem). Killed at age 31 by Israeli Defense Forces (army) in Ramallah.
1987-Alive – Carl Gibson – Investigative reporter for Occupy.com. Contributing editor for ReaderSupportedNews.org. Co-founder of US Uncut (which mobilized thousands against corporate tax dodging & budget cuts in over 100 cities during the months leading up to Occupy Wall Street).
1987-Alive – Chelsea Manning – US Army. Né Bradley. Leaked largest ever set of classified documents to WikiLeaks (pub. Apr-Nov 2010). Received IPB & USPM peace prizes in 2013.
1988-2000 – Muhammad al-Durrah – Killed by Israeli forces on 2nd day of Second Intifada while cowering with his father. Photographed by Abu Rahma. Monument in Bamako (Mali).
1988-2014 – Peter Kassig – Humanitarian. Founded Special Emergency Response & Assistance (SERA). Converted to Islam. Beheaded by ISIS.
1988-Alive – Carl Gibson – Co-founder of US Uncut. Mobilized activists against corporate tax avoidance. Featured in documentary “We’re Not Broke” at 2012 Sundance Film Festival.
1988-Alive – Clemantine Wamariya – Yale student. Survived Rwanda genocide in 1994. Named to US Holocaust Memorial Museum board in 2011.
1989-Alive – Ghoncheh Ghavami – Law graduate of University of London. Emprisoned for Protesting ban on women in sports stadium
1995-Alive – Jessica Ahlquist – Student at Cranston High School West. With the ACLU settled Ahlquist v. Cranston in 2012 to remove a religious prayer from her school auditorium.
1997-Alive – Malala Yousafzai – Student. Blogged to BBC in 2009. Shot by Taliban in 2012. To UK for treatment. 2014 with Kailash Satyarthi.
Date?-Alive – Osagyefo Uhuru Sekou – Author, documentary filmmaker, public intellectual, organizer, pastor & theologian. “One of the foremost religious leaders of his generation.
2004-Alive – Spencer Turner – Student artist at Fame Primary School in Newcastle. Won UK-wide competition to design monument for centennial of the Christmas Truce during WW-I.