The History of Russia (1892–1917)

Under Tsar Nicholas II (reigned 1894–1917), the Russian Empire slowly industrialized repressing opposition in the economic center and on the far-left. During the 1890s Russia’s … More

Milesians – “Soldier of Hispania”

In the Lebor Gabála Érenn, a medieval Irish Christian pseudo-history, the Milesians (Irish: gairthear Mílidh Easpáinne) are the final race to settle in Ireland. They … More

Theotokos – Mary, mother of Jesus

Theotokos (Greek: Θεοτόκος, Greek pronunciation: [θeoˈtokos]) is a title of Mary, mother of Jesus, used especially in Eastern Christianity. The usual Latin translations are Dei Genitrix or Deipara (approximately “parent (fem.) of God”). … More

The Rus’ siege of Constantinople of 860

The siege of Constantinople of 860 was the only major military expedition of the Rus’ Khaganate recorded in Byzantine and Western European sources. The casus belli was the construction of … More

Rus’ Khaganate – “the men who row”

The Rus’ Khaganate, also Russkiy Khaganate (Belarusian: Рускі каганат, Ruski kahanat, Russian: Русский каганат, Russkiy kaganat, Ukrainian: Руський каганат, Ruśkyj kahanat), is the name applied by some modern historians to a polity postulated … More

Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia

The Principality or, from 1253, Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia (Ukrainian: Галицько-Волинське князівство, romanized: Halytsko-Volynske kniazivstvo; Latin: Regnum Galiciae et Lodomeriae), historically known as the Kingdom of Ruthenia (Old East Slavic: Королѣвство Русь, romanized: Korolěvstvo Rusĭ, Ukrainian: Королівство Русь, romanized: Korolivstvo … More

The Dalai Lama – His Holiness

The Dalai Lamas are believed by Tibetan Buddhists to be manifestations of Avalokiteshvara or Chenrezig, the Bodhisattva of Compassion and … More


China is very aware of the strength of the movement for Tibet’s freedom. Inside Tibet, it uses repression and violence … More